Réserve naturelle de Saddine
The Réserve Naturelle de Saddine is a nature reserve composed of forest areas, permanent rivers and seasonal streams. The Site is a biodiversity-rich zone with a dense forest vegetation cover of Aleppo pine (<i>Pinus halepensis</i>), conifers, oak (<i>Quercus</i> sp.), herbs, shrubs and other woody forest species. The steep relief and the permanent rivers provide a safe habitat and source of food for many raptor species including the booted eagle (<i>Hieraaetus pennatus</i>), short-toed snake-eagle (<i>Circaetus gallicus</i>), golden eagle (<i>Aquila chrysaetos</i>), Eurasian golden oriole (<i>Oriolus oriolus</i>) and the endangered Egyptian vulture (<i>Neophron percnopterus</i>). The forest ecosystem supports a diversity of wildlife species including the golden jackal (<i>Canis aureus</i>), striped hyena (<i>Hyaena hyaena</i>), wild boar (<i>Sus scrofa</i>), red fox (<i>Vulpes vulpes</i>) and over 15 reptile species such as the viperine snake (<i>Natrix maura</i>), Algerian psammodromus (<i>Psammodromus algirus</i>) and the Greek tortoise (<i>Testudo graeca</i>). Human activities in the Site include agriculture, beekeeping, livestock grazing and hiking, and there is an eco-museum dedicated to the reserve’s natural history.