In January, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea deposited its instrument of accession to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, as amended in 1982 and 1987, with the Office of International Standards and Legal Affairs of UNESCO, the Depositary of the Convention. Effective 16 May 2018, the Convention enters into force for Ramsar’s 170th Contracting Party.
On joining the Convention, each Contracting Party must designate at least one wetland site within their territory for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance (the Ramsar List). The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has designated the Mundok Migratory Bird Reserve and the Rason Migratory Bird Reserve as its first two “Ramsar Sites”.
The Mundok Migratory Bird Reserve is a nationally-protected area which lies at the mouth of the Chongchon River on the west coast of the country.
The Rason Migratory Bird Reserve is located in the Rason Special Economic Zone in the far north-east of the country. The Site is made up of three lakes, Manpho, Sobonpho and Tongbonpho, which are separated by reed beds and marshes.