The Anzali Wetland has an area of around 190 km2 and is located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea in the Islamic Republic of Iran, and was listed as a Ramsar Site in June 1975.
Due to a range of influences related to human activity, the wetland became degraded and in 1993, the Anzali Wetland was listed on the Montreux Record. Environmental conditions in Anzali Wetland have deteriorated due to the direct impact from development activities and indirect impact though the inflow of sewage, wastewater, and solid waste. Another problem was sedimentation due to the deposition of soil brought in by surrounding streams.
Under such a situation, the Government of the I.R. Iran requested the Government of Japan to consider a technical co-operation for a comprehensive study to establish a conservation plan for conserving the Anzali Wetland. In response to the request, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) implemented “The Study on Integrated Management for Ecosystem Conservation of the Anzali Wetland” over a period of 26 months, between February, 2003 and March, 2005. The study accomplished the following activities: 1) Development of an integrated Master Plan for the conservation of the Anzali Wetland, 2) Implementation of pilot activities, some of the prevention measures identified in the Master Plan; and 3) Assistance for capacity development of the staff from concerned organizations to build up co-ordination mechanisms for overall wetland management.
As a next step, the Government of the I.R. Iran asked the Government of Japan to consider a technical cooperation for implementing the main components out of the six components proposed in the Master Plan. In response to this request, the Government of Japan initiated the “The Anzali Wetland Ecological Management Project” in November 2007, which was implemented by the Department of the Environment and supported by JICA Expert Team. Though the Project was interrupted in October 2008, it was restarted in April 2011.
In July 2011, the Project held the 1st Anzali Wetland Management Committee meeting chaired by Guilan Provincial Governor with the participation of the Japanese Ambassador at the offices of the Guilan Provincial Governor.
The Anzali Wetland Management Committee facilitates the improvement of planning, co-ordination, conservation and management within the Anzali Wetland with the objective of achieving sustainable wise use of the wetland. Mr. Saadati the Governor of Guilan Province officially declared the establishment of the Anzali Wetland Management Committee.
The Anzali Declaration and the progress of the Project activities will be presented at COP 11 of Ramsar Convention in July 2012 in Romania.
Report by buodgcuofq, bucgq