Bosnia & Herzegovina names second Ramsar site

Bosnia & Herzegovina names second Ramsar site

7 March 2007
Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Secretariat is pleased to report that, as of World Wetlands Day, 2 February 2007, Bosnia and Herzegovina has added its second Wetland of International Importance to the Ramsar List. Bardaca Wetland (Bardaca-mocvarni kompleks) (3,500 hectares, 45°06'N 017°27'E) is an Important Bird Area situated in the floodplain of the Sava River near the border with Croatia, and about half of the Ramsar site comprises fishponds constructed since the early 20th century and further enlarged in the 1960s for irrigation purposes. The ponds, floodplain forest, meadow and swamp areas support a range of endangered species and make an important nesting and stopover site for birds. There is a rich fish fauna (e.g., Gymnocephalus schraetzer, Zingel streber) and a range of amphibians such as Salamandra salamandra, Rana dalmatina, and the pond tortoise Emys orbicularis. The hydrological regime has been interrupted by the construction of channels, pump stations, and damming of nearby streams, but presently pressure comes from permanent, intensive agricultural practices such as intensive pasturing and unwise use of fertilizers and pesticides. Aquaculture and fish production remain a primary economic pursuit. With assistance from the Ramsar Small Grants Fund, a management plan is currently under development.