The Annotated Ramsar List: Ukraine

27/05/2013

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The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance

UKRAINE / UCRANIA

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The Convention on Wetlands came into force for Ukraine on 1 December 1991. Ukraine presently has 33 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 744,651 hectares.

Note: Four Ramsar sites in the territory of Ukraine that were originally designated by the former Soviet Union (11 October 1976) as Kylijske Gyrlo, Karkinitski Bay, Sivash Bay, and Yagorlits & Tendrov Bays have been redesignated as six sites, with modified boundaries, and included amongst the 22 site designations decreed by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on 23 November 1995.

site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas

Aquatic-cliff complex of Cape Kazantyp. 29/07/04; Crimean AR; 251 ha; 45°28'N 035°51'E. Nature Reserve. Coastal area of the Sea of Azov composed of pebble and detritus-coquina bays with thickets of macrophytic algae Cystoseira barbata and vascular plants Zannichellia major and Zostera noltii. It is an important spawning ground for crustaceans and rare fish species, such as the Great Sturgeon Huso huso ponticus, and maintains a significant proportion of indigenous fish species. The site is used as a nesting and migration stop-over, especially for the Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, and qualifies under Criterion 6 for the bird populations of Phalacrocorax carbo, Gelochelidon nilotica and Larus genei. Marine mammals (Phocoena phocoena, Tursiops truncates) visit the area. During hot summer sometimes, fish kill occurs due to abrupt decrease of the oxygen content. The Nature Reserve has a visitors' centre and management plan. Ramsar site no. 1393. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Aquatic-cliff complex of Karadag.29/07/04; Crimean AR; 224 ha; 44°56'N 035°14'E. Nature Reserve, Important Bird Area. Located at the southeastern part of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the aquatic-cliff complex of Karadag comprises sublittoral marine areas up to 6 metres depth, bays, a narrow strip of pebble-boulder coast and coastal cliffs up to 120m high. It is an important place for birds, notably during migrations, and other vulnerable animal species such as the bats Rhinolophus hipposideros and Myotis emarginatus, colonies of which settle in the grottoes. The marine area with nationally rare algae and seagrass meadows constitutes a good spawning habitat for many fish species and supports, among others, the Great Sturgeon Huso huso ponticus. Dolphins approach the coast periodically. Ecological trails and a nature centre are near the site. Ramsar site no. 1394. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Aquatic-coastal complex of Cape Opuk. 29/07/04; Crimean AR; 775 ha; 45°01'N 036°12'E. Nature Reserve. Combination of steep limestone rocks on the seaside (marine boundary lines along 6 meter isobath), sandy-coquina spits, and a salt lake. Thousands of birds winter in the wetland complex or stop during their migrations, especially the White-fronted Goose, Mallard, Garganey, and Coot. Threatened species such as the Eagle Aquila heliaca or the Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum occur within the area. Thickets of macrophytic algae provide a suitable habitat for protected species such as the Great Sturgeon and the Black Sea Salmon and constitute an important spawning ground for many other fish species. Dolphins and porpoises (Phocoena phocoena, Tursiops truncatus) are observed periodically. Environmental education activities and scientific researches are carried out annually. Ramsar site no. 1395. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Bakotska Bay. 29/07/04; Khmelnytska Oblast; 1,590 ha; 48°35'N 026°56'E. National Park. The site was formed during the filling of a low-lying area of the Dniester River valley with waters of the newly-constructed Dniester Reservoir located downstream. It supports vulnerable bird and fish species such as Lesser Kestrel, Corncrake, and the fish Zingel and has a special importance for birds of prey. Various bird species like Mallard, Mute Swan, Great White Egret, and Little Egret use the wetland complex for a long period of time during their spring and autumn migrations. The site is also important as spawning grounds for common and rare fish species. Nature conservation activities and scientific research are carried out; leisure, fishing, hunting are regulated by the Podilski Tovtry National Park. Changes of the water level due to Dniester Reservoir drawdown adversely affect the site. State ownership. A monastery from the 9th century was built into the limestone rocks. Ramsar site no. 1396. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Berda River Mouth and Berdianka Spit and Berdianska Bay. 23/11/95; Zaporizka Oblast; 1,800 ha; 46º44’N 036º48’E. Game Reserve. The site, a shallow bay of the Azov Sea and small river delta, includes accumulative islands, a spit, dunes, and saline lakes. Vegetation includes emergent and submergent species and saline floodplain swamps supporting numerous nationally threatened or endemic plant species. Large numbers of numerous species of waterbirds nest, feed and winter at the site. Human activities include conservation education, recreation, fishing, aquaculture, and hunting. Ramsar site no. 772. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Big Chapelsk Depression. 29/07/04; Khersonska Oblast; 2,359 ha; 46°29'N 033°51'E. IBA, Nature Reserve, Biosphere Reserve 'Askania-Nova'. Natural shallow depression (or "pod") filled by water from melted snow and rains -- thanks to additional water from artesian wells, the lake, at the central part of the depression, never dries up. Hundreds of thousands of birds use the depression during autumn and spring migrations. Among them, large flocks of White-fronted Goose, Crane, Red-breasted Goose, and Ruddy Shelduck feed during the daytime on the steppe and agricultural lands of the surroundings and come back to rest at night in the site. Non-freezing lakes permanently supplied by fresh water from artesian wells of the local zoo provide wintering opportunities for birds such as the mallards (5 to 16 thousand individuals) or the white-fronted geese (up to 40 thousand). Research and bird monitoring are carried out. The Biosphere Reserve and zoo receive up to 60,000 tourists annually but visits to the site itself are limited to about 500. A decrease of the water level periodically occurs every 12 years and disturbs the fauna distribution pattern. Ramsar site no. 1397. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Bilosaraiska Bay and Bilosaraiska Spit. 23/11/95; Donetska Oblast; 2,000 ha; 46º54’N 037º20’E. Game Reserve. A sandy-shell spit and a shallow bay of the Azov Sea, the site includes shallow lakes, dunes, and silt islands. Vegetation consists of saltmarshes and meadows, swampy areas, reed and rush thickets. Numerous endemic and nationally rare plant species and relic fish species occur. The site is important for several thousand wintering Anseriformes and up to 3,000 pairs of nesting waterfowl. Human activities include conservation education, recreation, fishing, aquaculture, and hunting. Ramsar site no. 773. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Central Syvash.23/11/95; Khersonska Oblast, Crimean Autonomy Republic; 80,000 ha; 46º07’N 034º15’E. National Nature Park, Azov-Black-Sea Ornithological Station. Part of an extremely large lagoon, the site includes spits, islands, saline lowlands, and peninsulas along the Azov Sea. Vegetation consists of salt-tolerant species consisting of halophytic grasses and fringed by extensive areas of steppe, and diverse meadow, grass-marshy and aquatic plant communities. The site supports numerous species of rare, vulnerable or endangered waterbirds and raptors and internationally important numbers of waterbirds and waders. Nesting wetland birds consist of 10,000 pairs, and up to 1,000,000 waders and waterbirds molt, stage and winter at the site. Human activities include fishing, recreation, and hunting. Ramsar site no. 115. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Desna River Floodplains. 29/07/04; Sumska Oblast; 4,270 ha; 52°19'N 033°23' E. National Park. River network with lakes, oxbows, mires and floodplain meadow areas along the border with Russia, with aquatic and riverside vegetation types, swamp, shrubs, meadow, and partly forest. The site supports rare aquatic plant communities listed in the Green Data Book of Ukraine and internationally threatened species such as the Sterlet, the Common Otter, the Eurasian beaver, the Corncrake and many other birds which nest within the site. Between the new and former Desna River beds, colonies of grebes, ducks, plovers, sandpipers, gulls, and terns are settled. It is an important reproduction place as well for 33 fish species, which contributes to enriching the ichthyofauna stock of the lower river tributaries. Human activities include nature conservation and recreation activities, regulated hunting and scientific research. Observation of bird migrations and bird ringing during the nesting season are carried out. Ramsar site no. 1398. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Dniester-Turunchuk Crossrivers Area. 23/11/95; Odeska Oblast; 76,000 ha; 46º28’N 030º13’E. The Dniester River delta and floodplain lakes consist of islands of floodplain forests, numerous scroll ridges, deep lakes, and floating bogs. Vegetation includes reed thickets, shrubs, and floating plant communities. Internationally important numbers of Egretta alba and Plegadis falcinellis nest at the site, and over 50,000 birds winter here. Various species of nationally rare flora and fauna occur. Human activities include conservation education, recreation, hunting, fish-breeding and fishing, recreation, and scientific research. The site serves as an important source of irrigation and drinking water. Ramsar site no. 764. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Dnipro-Oril Floodplains. 29/07/04; Dnipropetrovska Oblast; 2,560 ha; 48°32'N 034°45'E. IBA, Nature Reserve. A well preserved area at the confluence of the Dnipro (or Dneiper) and Oril Rivers, comprising a system of watercourses and related floodplains with numerous lakes, mires, and well-developed flora of vascular plants, including rare communities of Salvinia natans and Trapa natans, floodplain forests with oak, willow, poplar and alder. The site is an important nesting place for Oystercatcher, Corncrake, Black Stork, Night Heron, and White Tailed Eagle and represents a key point of of the Dnipro bird migration route. Large flocks of Mallard, Garganey, Coot and White-fronted Goose stop over during their autumn migrations. It supports many internationally threatened species such as the mammals Lutra lutra, Castor fiber, reptile species Emys orbicularis, Vipera ursinii, amphibians Bombina bombina. Some 40 fish species, including the Sterlet Acipenser ruthenus, are recorded. The water level depends upon weather conditions but also substantially upon operations of a reservoir built downstream. Ramsar site no. 1399. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Dnipro River Delta. 23/11/95; Khersonska Oblast; 26,000 ha; 46º34’N 032º29’E. Game Reserve. The site, a delta of the third largest river in Europe, includes swampy areas, floodplain forests, sandy ridges, and a lake complex. The diverse vegetation consists of hydrophilic communities, islands of floodplain forest, and reed thickets and includes endemic, relic and nationally rare species. Internationally important numbers of Egretta alba breed, and large numbers of numerous species of waterbirds molt at the site. An important source of drinking and irrigation water, the site provides the largest water transport artery between the Ukraine and Black Sea countries. Human activities include hunting, aquaculture, fishing, and recreation. Ramsar site no. 767. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Eastern Syvash.23/11/95; Khersonska Oblast, Crimean AR; 165,000 ha; 45º40’N 035º00’E. National Nature Park. The site, part of a large coastal lagoon, is a shallow saltwater bay near the Azov Sea and includes numerous spits, islets, saline lowlands, and peninsulas. Vegetation consists of halophytic grasses fringed by extensive areas of steppe. The area serves as an important nesting, wintering, molting and staging area for internationally important numbers of various species of waterbirds and waders. A number of these species are rare, vulnerable or endangered. Human activities include fishing, recreation, and hunting. Ramsar site no. 769. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Karkinitska and Dzharylgatska Bays. 23/11/95; Khersonska Oblast, Crimean Autonomy Republic; 87,000 ha; 46º00’N 033º05’E. Added to the Montreux Record, 4 July 1990; removed from the Record, 29/08/03. Chornomorskyi Biosphere Reserve; Ornithological Game Reserve, Crimean Nature Reserve, Botanical Reserve. An embayment of the Black Sea, the site includes several islands and surrounding waters. Vegetation includes steppe and coastal communities consisting of reedbeds, vast aquatic meadows, salt-tolerant plants and grasses. The site is important for nesting (up to 14,000 pairs), migrating, and wintering waterbirds, especially ducks (endemic species Branta ruficollis) and waders. Marine mammals include three species of dolphin, all nationally rare, as well as several nationally rare and relic fish species. Human activities include commercial and recreational fishing, hunting, livestock grazing, irrigation, rice and grape cultivation. Bird-ringing and census programmes take place at the site. The site was removed from the Montreux Record in 2003. Ramsar site no. 114. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Kartal Lake. 23/11/95; Odeska Oblast; 500 ha; 45º18’N 028º31’E. A system of small, interconnected floodplain lakes set in the lower Danube basin. Vegetation consists of emergent and submergent plant communities. Numerous species of rare and protected species of plants occur. The site is important for migrating, breeding (25,000 pairs), and molting birds, and supports internationally important numbers of nesting Phalacrocrax pygmeus. Of the 140 bird species occurring at the site, 32 are nationally rare. It provides important breeding and nursery areas for fish and amphibians. Human activities include conservation education, recreation, livestock grazing, haymaking, and an important fishery. Ancient burial sites are being excavated. Ramsar site no. 761. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Kryva Bay and Kryva Spit.23/11/95; Donetska Oblast; 1,400 ha; 47º03’N 038º08’E. Ornithological Game Reserve, Nature Monument. A bay of the Azov Sea made up of a sandy-shell spit, beaches, silt islands, and shallow lakes. The site supports reed thickets, saline meadows, and swamps and includes emergent and submergent plants and short grasses. Several thousand Anseriformes winter and up to 15,000 pairs of waterfowl nest at the site. Several endemic and nationally rare plant and fish species occur at the site. Human activities include conservation education, recreation, fishing, aquaculture, and hunting. Ramsar site no. 774. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Kugurlui Lake. 23/11/95; Odeska Oblast; 6,500 ha; 45º17’N 028º40’E. A shallow oxbow lake with swampy shores set in the lower Danube basin. Vegetation consists mainly of emergent species. The site supports internationally important numbers of various species of migrating, breeding and molting waterbirds (up to 30,000 individuals). Nationally and internationally rare bird species occur at the site. It is also important as a breeding and nursery area for fish and amphibians. Human activities include environmental education, recreation, hunting, fish-rearing, and livestock grazing. Ramsar site no. 760. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Kyliiske Mouth (formerly Dunai Plavni). 23/11/95; Odeska Oblast; 32,800 ha; 45º23’N 029º36’E. Biosphere Reserve. First designated for the Ramsar List by the former Soviet Union on 11 October 1976. The site, a delta of a Danube River tributary, is situated along the Black Sea near the Romanian border. It comprises numerous channels, alluvial islands, swamp areas, floodplain forests, freshwater lakes, and sandy spits enclosing bays. Vegetation includes hydrophilic communities, reed and sedge marshes, and dune communities. The site supports numerous rare, relict and endemic plant species. The threatened waterbirds Pelecanus crispus and Aythya nyroc nestat the site, and the threatened Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis winters in the area. The site provides habitat for large numbers of many species of wintering, migrating, breeding and molting waterbirds, as well as breeding and nursery places for fish and amphibians. Human activities include hunting, fishing, livestock grazing, haymaking, and recreation. Ramsar site no. 113. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Lake Synevyr. 29/07/04; Zakarpatska Oblast; 29 ha; 48°37'N 023°41'E. National Park. Located among spruce forests, Lake Synevyr, though small, is the largest natural water body in the Ukrainian Carpathians. Three permanent mountain streams flow into the lake, causing accelerated silting in those places and transforming into eutrophic mires overgrown by Glyceria fluitans and Equisetum palustre. The Noble Crayfish Astacus astacus and flora species listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine are registered within the site. Floating vegetation communities of the lake are represented by different species of Potamogeton and littoral-water communities by stands of Glyceria fluitans, Equisetum palustre, Mentha piperita. The lake, associated with legends and widely popular among local people, is a symbol of the Ukrainian Carpathians and represents a great environmental and educational value. Human activities include regulated recreation, scientific research and nature conservation. Ramsar site no. 1400. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Lower Smotrych River. 29/07/04; Khmelnytska Oblast; 1,480 ha; 48°35'N 026°36'E. National Park. Canyon and delta areas of the Smotrych River upstream from its confluence with the Dniester River. Thanks to this combination of habitats, the site provides good conditions of reproduction for bats, birds of prey, waterbirds and fish species under international protection such as the Pond Bat, the Corncrake and the Black Sea Roach and presents rare and representative flora communities. Nature conservation activities and scientific research are carried out; leisure, fishing, hunting are regulated by the Podilski Tovtry National Park. National Park website: www.tovtry.km.ua. Ramsar site no. 1401. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Molochnyi Liman. 23/11/95; Zaporizka Oblast; 22,400 ha; 46º32’N 035º22’E. Hydrological Reserve, Ornithological Game Reserves. A saline liman (lagoon) near the Azov Sea, the site includes sandy-shell islands and peninsulas. Vegetation includes reedbeds, saline meadows, and marshes. Up to 15,000 pairs of waterbirds nest (10 pairs of Egretta alba), and over 20,000 individuals winter at the site. Human activities include conservation education, recreation, aquaculture, fishing, and hunting. Ramsar site no. 770. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Northern Part of the Dniester Liman. 23/11/95; Odeska Oblast; 20,000 ha; 46º22’N 030º12’E. Game Reserve. This site includes the Dniester River delta, streams, floodplain lakes, and part of the Dniester Liman. Vegetation consists of floating vegetation, reed thickets, and floodplain forest supporting various nationally threatened plant species. An important area for wintering Anseriformes, Gruiformes and Pelecaniformes and for breeding, wintering and migrating birds Anseriformes, Charadriiformes and Ciconiiformes. The site supplies water for domestic use and agricultural irrigation and serves as an important water transport artery. Human activities include environmental education, recreation, hunting, and fishing. Ramsar site no. 765. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Obytochna Spit and Obytochna Bay. 23/11/95; Zaporizka Oblast; 2,000 ha; 46º35’N 036º12’E. Game Reserve. An Azov Sea bay and associated spit supporting reed-swamp vegetation and saline meadows fringed by steppe vegetation. The site supports internationally important numbers of nesting Egretta alba and wintering Aythya marila, among various other species of waterbirds. Various relic fish and endemic plant species occur at the site. Human activities include conservation education, recreation, fishing, aquaculture, and hunting. Ramsar site no. 771. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Perebrody Peatlands. 29/07/04; Rivnenska Oblast; 12,718 ha; 51°42'N 027°07'E. Nature Reserve. The site, including several small lakes, is important for conservation of the typical boreal mire flora and fauna, especially the northern part at the border with Belarus. Lowland sedge-reed communities are concentrated in the central over-damp part of the site and transitional sedge-sphagnum communities prevail at its periphery. The association of Carex lasiocarpa with sphagnum mosses is the dominant plant community of the site. Forest and coppice communities cover a large part of it with Scots pine Pinus sylvestris on islands and dune tops and Betula pendula, Alnus glutinosa and Salix alba in swamp areas. Besides the widespread species of Anatidae and Rallidae, Black Stork Ciconia nigra, Corncrake Grus grus, Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola, and Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus nest within the site. Presence of the European Otter Lutra lutra and Castor fiber is registered. During extensive floods every 10 years or so, the site territory can be almost completely covered by water. Ramsar site no. 1402. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Polissia Mires.29/07/04; Zhytomyrska Oblast; 2,145 ha; 51°31'N 028°01'E. Nature Reserve. A large swamp area of transitional mires and oligotrophic bogs fed by rain and snow waters and, at the border with Belarus, a separated wetland complex of transitional mires and fens integrated in small rivers floodplains. A significant part of the mires is forested with Betula pubescens and Alnus glutinosa. The site is important for the conservation of the flora and supports rare and endangered species of clubmosses, mosses, algae and the endemic vascular plant Tragopogon ucrainicus. Birds such as Crex crex, Ciconia nigra, Grus grus, Gallinago gallinago and Aquila heliaca use the site for reproduction. Felix lynx and Lutra lutra are permanently recorded. Scientific research and nature conservation activities are ongoing. Ramsar site no.1403. Most recent RIS information: 2003.

Prypiat River Floodplains.23/11/95; Volynska Oblast; 12,000 ha; 51º48’N 025º15’E. Regional Landscape Park, Regional Landscape Park, Hydrological Game Reserve. One of the largest wetland complexes of the Polissia biosphere region, the site borders Belarus and is situated on the crossroads of two main flyways. The site comprises rivers, lakes, marshes, peatlands, meadows, forests, and river islands. Characterized by a rich biodiversity, over 220 vertebrate species and 550 vascular plants occur at the site. An important area for numerous species of breeding, molting and migrating waterfowl and waders. The site provides important feeding and nursery areas for numerous species of freshwater fishes. Human activities include sport and commercial fishing, hunting, livestock grazing, haymaking, and recreation. United in 2008 with the Stokhid River Floodplains Ramsar site and the Prostyr Ramsar site in Belarus, with development of a joint management mechanism, in a Transboundary Ramsar Site “Stokhid-Prypiat-Prostyr”, thus opening the potential for increasing international tourism in this region. Ramsar site no. 776. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Sasyk Lake.23/11/95; Odeska Oblast; 21,000 ha; 45º40’N 029º41’E. Artificially maintained as a freshwater area by pumping, the site consists of a reservoir near the Danube Delta and the Black Sea and includes various floodplain areas. Vegetation consists of emergent and submergent plants and salt meadows and includes nationally rare and relic species. The wetland is important for numerous species of migrating, breeding (25,000 pairs), and molting waterbirds and supports seasonal concentrations of up to 100,000 individuals. Large numbers of the threatened species Pelecanus onocrotalus and Branta ruficollis occur at the site. Numerous species of fish also occur. Human activities include an important fishery, forestry, livestock grazing, environmental education, recreation, and scientific research. The site is of religious and archaeological importance. Ramsar site no. 762. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Shagany-Alibei-Burnas Lakes System. 23/11/95; Odeska Oblast; 19,000 ha; 45º48’N 029º55’E. Three shallow limans (brackish lagoons) of the Black Sea, set in a closed drainage area and thus subject to drought and intensive sea currents. The lakes are separated from the sea by a sandy spit. The site includes a sandy shell bar, peninsulas, and islands. Vegetation consists of salt meadows and numerous species of aquatic plants. Over 1,000 pairs of waterbirds nest at the site, including nationally and internationally threatened species. The site supports internationally important numbers of Rufibrenta ruficollis and is an important staging, breeding and wintering area for numerous species of waterbirds. Human activities include conservation education, traditional fishing, recreation, and scientific research. Ramsar site no. 763. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Shatsk Lakes.23/11/95; Volynska Oblast; 32,850 ha; 51º31’N 023º50’E. National Nature Park. Bordering Belarus, this unique system of 22 lakes includes marshes, peatlands, meadows, and forests. The wetland supports reedbeds, sedges and grasses and is important for the protection of various threatened species of swamp fauna and flora. Situated on the crossroads of two main flyways, the site is important for up to 60,000 migrating, as well as internationally important numbers of breeding and molting, waterbirds and waders. Human activities include recreation, health sanitoria, hunting, fishing, livestock grazing, and haymaking. The site supports an important fishery. Ramsar site no. 775. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Stokhid River Floodplains. 23/11/95; Volynska Oblast; 10,000 ha; 51º40’N 025º22’E. Regional Landscape Park, Landscape Game Reserves, Hydrological Game Reserve. The site includes rivers, lakes, marshes, peatlands, islands, and meadows. It supports numerous species of nationally and internationally threatened flora and fauna. Situated on the crossroads of two main flyways, the site provides important habitat for numerous species of large numbers of breeding, staging, and molting waterbirds. An important site for feeding, nursery and wintering numerous freshwater fishes. Human activities include hunting, fishing, livestock grazing, haymaking, and recreation. United in 2008 with the Prypiat River Floodplains Ramsar site and the Prostyr Ramsar site in Belarus, with development of a joint management mechanism, in a Transboundary Ramsar Site “Stokhid-Prypiat-Prostyr”, thus opening the potential for increasing international tourism in this region. Ramsar site no. 777. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Tendrivska Bay.23/11/95; Khersonska Oblast; 38,000 ha; 46º14’N 031º56’E. Added to the Montreux Record, 16 June 1993; removed from the Record, 29/08/03. Chornomorskyi Biosphere Reserve. A saltwater lagoon of varying salinity, separated from the Black Sea by sandy spits. The site includes islands, numerous lakes, and temporary waterbodies. Vegetation is characterized by brackish and saltwater associations, kelpbeds, reedbeds, a rich aquatic vegetation, and abundant crustaceans and mollusks. Large numbers of numerous species of waterfowl nest and stage, and up to 700,000 individuals (including the globally threatened duck Aythya nyroca and goose Branta ruficollis)winter at the site. Human activities include commercial fishing, recreation, hunting, and conservation education. There is disturbance from commercial fishing and pollution by industrial and agricultural waste water; these impacts led to listing on the Montreux Record in 1993. The site was removed from the Montreux Record in 2003. Ramsar site no. 768. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Tyligulskyi Liman. 23/11/95; Odeska, Mykolaivska Oblasts; 26,000 ha; 46º50’N 031º10’E. Ornithological Game Reserves, Regional Landscape Park. One of the purest limans (brackish lagoons) on the northwest coast of the Black Sea, the site includes accumulative islands, salt meadows, and sandy peninsulas. Vegetation consists of various species of hydrophilic plants and reedbedsand includes several endemic species. The site supports wintering, nesting, and autumn and spring migrating waterbirds, several species of which are nationally or internationally threatened. Over 25% of the European Egretta alba population winters at the site. Human activities include fishery, hunting, livestock grazing, recreation, and environmental education. Ancient Greek archeological settlements occur on the site. Ramsar site no. 766. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

Yagorlytska Bay. 23/11/95; Khersonska, Mykolaivska Oblasts; 34,000 ha; 46º24’N 031º53’E. Added to the MontreuxRecord, 16 June 1993, removed from the Record, 29/08/03. Biosphere Reserve; Ornithological Refuge, Protected Area. A saltwater lagoon separated from the sea by a long sandy spit, the site includes numerous interconnected lakes and temporary waterbodies. Vegetation consists of brackish and saltwater associations made up of emergent and submergent species and marsh communities. The site supports internationally important numbers of several species of nesting, molting, and wintering waterbirds. Some of these species, the duck Aythya nyroca and the goose Branta ruficollis, are globally threatened. Numerous nationally rare fish species occur at the site. Human activities include fishing, recreation, and hunting. There is disturbance from commercial fishing and pollution by industrial and agricultural waste water; these impacts led to listing on the Montreux Record in 1993. The site was removed from the Montreux Record in 2003. Ramsar site no. 116. Most recent RIS information: 1998.

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