The Annotated Ramsar List: Uzbekistan
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The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance
UZBEKISTAN / OUZBÉKISTAN / UZBEKISTÁN
The Convention on Wetlands came into force for Uzbekistan on 8 February 2002. Uzbekistan presently has 2 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 558,400 hectares.
site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas
Aydar Arnasay Lakes System. 20/10/08; Dzhizak, Navoi; 527,100 ha; 40°47’N 067°46’E. Ornithological zakaznik (protected area). The largest reservoir of Uzbekistan, consisting of freshwater lakes situated in the middle stream of the Syrdarya river and on the irrigated massif of Golodnaya steppe and Kyzyllum desert. The site is located at the crossroads of the Afro-Eurasian and Central Asian flyways and a centre for migrating and wintering waterbirds, with more than 100 species noted. It provides habitat to threatened species like White-headed Duck Savka (Oxyura leucocephala), Sociable Lapwing (Chettusia gregaria), Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus), Red-breasted Goose (Rufibrenta ruficollis), Lesser White-fronted Goose(Anser erytropus), andPallas Sea-eagle(Haliaetus leucoryphus) and provides an important source of food and a spawning ground for various species of fish. The main vegetations are reed communities used by local people, saltwort and tamarisk. An action plan for maintaining the stability of ecological conditions, 2008-2015, is in place. Ramsar site no. 1841. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Lake Dengizkul. 08/10/01; Bukhara; 31,300ha; 39°07'N 064°10'E. The largest saline wastewater closed water body in the SW part of the Kysylkum desert, with typical ecological conditions of natural lakes situated in the deserts of Central Asia. The lake, dried up by the mid-1950s because of overuse for irrigation, has been refilled since 1966 and is very important for maintaining a biodiversity of wetland-dependent species in a largely arid region. It is of crucial importance for migrating and wintering waterfowl, as it is situated on the route of bird migrations from Western Siberia and Kazakhstan to Indo-Pakistani wintering grounds. Lake Dengizkul is also the habitat of many vulnerable and endangered species, especially as it supports more than 1% population of the endangered White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala Scop.). Commercial mining of gas in the vicinity of and on Lake Dengizkul is the main human activity, and this enabled the provision of the population with fuel and thus preserved trees and shrubs, which are important components of the desert ecosystem. However, excessive inflow of drainage water significantly influenced the water level in the lake and the floods have destroyed some habitats recently. Ramsar Site No. 1108. Most recent RIS information: 2003.