The Annotated Ramsar List: Democratic Republic of Congo


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The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance


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The Convention on Wetlands came into force for the Democratic Republic of Congo on 18 May 1996. The Democratic Republic of Congo presently has 3 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 7,435,624 hectares.

site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas

Ngiri-Tumba-Maindombe. 24/07/08; Equateur, Bandundu; 6,569,624 ha; 01°30'S 017°30'E . Nature Reserve. Located in the transboundary area of Lake Télé and Lake Tumba, the site contains the largest continental freshwater mass in Africa, making it one of the most important wetlands in Africa and one of the most important freshwater masses in the world. As a result of its position in the heart of the Congo basin system, the area contains several rivers and nine lakes that support a diverse range of biodiversity and resources that support the wider populations of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the neighboring countries, including the adjacent Grands affluents Ramsar site in Congo. Within the site buffalo, various species of monkeys, forest elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis), and leopards amongst many others are found. This area is known to support waterbirds whose distributions are wholly or mostly spread among the confines of the biome of the Guinea-Congo forests. Activities such as agriculture, fishing, hunting, and collection of non-wood forest products make up a large part of income generation for the communities dependent on the site. Within the site two reserves are found, Lac Tumba-Ledira and Ngiri; where research and various awareness raising activities are carried out. Ramsar site no. 1784. Most recent RIS information: 2009.

Parc national des Mangroves. 18/01/96; Bas-Zaïre; 66,000 ha; 05º45’S 012º45’E. Added to the Montreux Record, 11 April 2000. Two plateaus bordered by swamplands along the Zaire River, including coastal and riverine waters, inland ponds, and swamps. Vegetation consists of wet grassland interspersed with forest savanna, grassland savanna, swamp and mangroves. The site supports important fish and crustacean reserves for local fisheries. Nine species of rare or endangered mammals occur, including the manatee; six bird and eight reptile species, including marine turtles, are at risk from habitat destruction. Human activities include fishing, the gathering of medicinal plants, and subsistence cropping.Threats include extensive fuelwood cutting, refinery pollution, and uncontrolled urban development. Ramsar site no. 788. Most recent RIS information: ?.

Parc national des Virunga. 18/01/96; Nord-Kivu; 800,000 ha; 01º15’S 029º30’E. World Heritage site. Lying astride the equator and situated in the African Rift Valley, the site contains most tropical biotopes and boasts some of the most substantial concentrations of wild mammals in Africa, or indeed in the world. The Park fringes several biogeographical regions, includes volcanoes recent in origin and still active, and two large lakes. The area is important feeding and wintering ground for migratory birds and is one of the few places where mountain gorilla can be studied in their natural environment. The large mammals include endangered and endemic species. Archaeologically important, the oldest stone tools in the world have been discovered along the lake shores. Human activities include tourism, conservation education, fishing, hunting, subsistence farming and agroforestry (fuelwood). There is a research center in the park. Ramsar site no. 787. Most recent RIS information: ?.

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