The Annotated Ramsar List: Turkmenistan


The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance


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The Convention on Wetlands came into force for Turkmenistan on 3 July 2009. Turkmenistan presently has 1 site designated as a Wetland of International Importance, with a surface area of 267,124 hectares.

site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas

Turkmenbashy Bay. 23/02/2008; Balkan Province; 267,124 ha; 39°48'N 53°22'E. Within Harzar State Reserve; Important Bird Area. The site is located in the southeastern part of the Caspian Sea and encompasses several shallow brackish bays, spits, islands and dunes. It valuable as a stopover and wintering site on two important migratory routes, the Afro-Eurasian Flyway and part of the Central Asian-Indian Flyway. About 5-8 million waterbirds pass along the east coast of the Caspian Sea on migration, and up to 0.8 million winter in Turkmenbashy Bay. It is thus the largest wintering area for waterbirds that nest in Western Siberia, Kazakhstan and other regions of Northern Asia. Threatened waterbird species recorded at the site include the critically endangered Sociable Lapwing (Chettusia gregaria) and over 1% of the population of the endangered White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) and the vulnerable Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus). Other threatened species include the endemic Caspian Seal (Phoca caspica) and the critically endangered Russian Sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii). The site is a feeding ground for fish especially during their migration, fattening and spawning periods. Threats to the site include oil pollution, habitat disturbance, and illegal hunting of migratory waterbirds. Subsumes site first designated by the USSR in 1976. Ramsar site no. 1855. Most recent RIS information: 2011.

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Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,186 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,674,247

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