Ramsar COP8 DOC. 6:

31/10/2002

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"Wetlands: water, life, and culture"
8th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties
to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971)
Valencia, Spain, 18-26 November 2002

Ramsar COP8 DOC. 6

Report of the Secretary General pursuant to Article 8.2 (b), (c), and (d) concerning the List of Wetlands of International Importance

1. Article 8.2 of the Convention states that: "The continuing bureau duties [the Ramsar Bureau, or convention secretariat] shall be, inter alia : …

Article 2.5 of the Convention states that " Wetlands should be selected for the List on account of their international significance in terms of ecology, botany, zoology, limnology or hydrology. In the first instance wetlands of international importance to waterfowl at any season should be included."


Article 3.2 in turn states that: "Each Contracting Party shall arrange to be informed at the earliest possible time if the ecological character of any wetland in its territory and included in the List has changed, is changing or is likely to change as the result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Information on such changes shall be passed without delay to the organization or government responsible for the continuing bureau duties specified in Article 8."

b) to maintain the List of Wetlands of International Importance and to be informed by the Contracting Parties of any additions, extensions, deletions or restrictions concerning wetlands included in the List provided in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 2 ;

c) to be informed by the Contracting Parties of any changes in the ecological character of wetlands included in the List provided in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 3 ;

d) to forward notification of any alterations to the List, or changes in character of wetlands included therein, to all Contracting Parties and to arrange for these matters to be discussed at the next Conference;

e) to make known to the Contracting Party concerned, the recommendations of the Conferences in respect of such alterations to the List or of changes in the character of wetlands included therein."

2. The present report of the Secretary General conveys to the 8th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties the information requested under Article 8 concerning the List of Wetlands of International Importance since the closure of Ramsar COP7 on 18 May 1999.

3. The Bureau maintains up to date the Ramsar List, always available in the Ramsar Web site and in hard copy in two versions: a) the basic List organized in alphabetical order of Contracting Parties (English language) with the name of the sites also in alphabetical order, date of designation, state/province where the site is located, area of the site, and geographical coordinates of the site; and b) the Annotated List, which in addition contains a brief description of each site.

4. In the case of the designation of new Ramsar sites or extension of the area of existing sites, once the Bureau is satisfied that the Ramsar Information Sheet and map for each new site or extension has been produced in accordance with COP Resolutions on the required data for Ramsar sites, the Secretary General authorizes the addition or change in the List, the announcement is made in the Ramsar Web site, and an official letter and certificate confirming the addition to the List or extension of area is sent to the Party concerned.

5. Pursuant to Article 8.2 d), Annex 1 contains the relation of sites added to the List in the period under review, as well as the extension in area of sites designated before 18 May 1999.

6. Concerning deletions, no site has been deleted from the List during the period under consideration.

7. Concerning restrictions, the Government of Germany decided to invoke Article 2.5 of the Convention, which permits a Party to reduce the boundaries of a site for reasons of urgent national interests, in a case involving the excision of 170 hectares (from a total of 675 hectares) of the Mühlenberger Loch Ramsar site, an extensive area of tidal mudflats on the Elbe River near Hamburg, to make room for expansion of the industrial complex of DASA (Airbus Industries).

8. In summary, the developments have been as follows.

8.1 On the basis of information received at the Bureau to the effect that there were plans to excise a portion of this Ramsar site, the Secretary General expressed concern about this situation in a letter to the Administrative Authority (AA) dated 25 November 1998. On 27 January 1999 the Bureau reiterated its concerns.

8.2 The AA replied on 11 February 1999 explaining how the issue was going to be dealt with within the context of the Habitats Directive of the European Union. The Bureau responded on 15 March 1999 requesting information on how the German Government was planning, in addition, to respond to the requirements of Articles 2.5, 3.1, 3.2 and 4.2 of the Ramsar Convention. On 5 July 1999 the Bureau received a reply indicating that the question of invoking "urgent national interests" was still pending, awaiting the applicant's obtaining the planning permission.

8.3 After participating in a technical meeting organized by NGOs and a field visit to the site, the Regional Coordinator for Europe wrote to the AA on 14 October 1999 with a series of observations on the values of the site and on the process that had thus far been followed to choose a site for this industrial development.

8.4 On 18 October 1999 the Secretary General wrote to the Commissioner for the Environment in the European Commission expressing concerns about the future of the site. The Commissioner responded on 8 November 1999 informing the Bureau that the issue was following the due legal course within the Commission.

8.5 In an opinion delivered on 19 April 2000, the European Commission ruled that the adverse environmental impact of extending a factory belonging to the DASA group on the Mühlenberger Loch in Hamburg can be justified on the grounds of overriding public interest.

8.6 On 23 January 2001, the Administrative Authority wrote to the Bureau transmitting a letter from the German State of Hamburg, dated 11 December 2000 and also addressed to the Bureau, in which the State informed the Bureau that "the boundaries of the Mühlenberger Loch, which was designated a RAMSAR [sic] site with the diploma of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature on 9 June 1992 are to be changed in accordance with the project plans approved on 8 May 2000. This is expected to occur before the end of 2000". The letter provided further information on the reduction of the area of the Ramsar site and included a copy of a plan for compensatory measures for the Deutche Airbus extension, as provided by Article 4.2 of the Convention.

8.7 The Bureau responded on 16 February 2001: a) requesting, for the sake of good order, that the Federal Ministry should be the one formally communicating to the Ramsar Bureau Germany's decision to reduce the boundaries of the Ramsar site in question and the proposed compensation; and b) elaborating in detail on the application of the "urgent national interests" clause and on the proposed compensation.

9. It should be noted that, in the meantime, the proposed development at the Mühlenberger Loch was challenged in court and the issue reached the highest court in Germany. The court passed judgement in favor of the continuation of the project.

10. After several exchanges with the AA, the Bureau, in collaboration with Germany's Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, organized a Ramsar Advisory Mission (RAM) on 24-26 September 2001 in order to examine the manner in which the "urgent national interests" clause in Article 2.5 was invoked and study the compensation measures proposed. Accompanying Ramsar's Regional Coordinator for Europe were an international legal expert, David Pritchard of BirdLife International, and an expert on mudflats ecology, Dr Mike Pienkowski, in addition to a representative of the Federal Ministry, officials of the Hamburg Environment Authority, and representatives of the German NGO NABU/BUND.

11. The RAM report pointed out general issues linked to Articles 2.5 and 4.2 and analysed the case of the Mühlenberger Loch and the proposed compensation. The compensatory measures were at that stage far from being completed (in the legal, technical and scientific sense), and therefore the conclusions and recommendations of the RAM could still be of use in dealing with this case; they may also be useful, in a more general sense, for similar cases in other countries.

12. The RAM report, after a first round of amendments to the original text, was transmitted to the German Government on12 June 2002. The Bureau has not yet received the formal approval of the report, so as to make it public.

13. In the meantime, since the issue is not considered formally closed and no new Ramsar Information Sheet for the site after the excision of the 170 hectares has been received, the area of the Mühlenberger Loch Ramsar site has not yet been formally changed in the Ramsar List.

14. In a development also related to the "urgent national interests" clause of the Convention, the Government of the United Kingdom announced on 12 July 2001 its decisions on the first of its Multi-Modal Studies examining some of the most severe transport problems around the country. The study looked at transport issues in Kent and the area around Hastings in southeast England. Although the proposed highway bypasses would offer the opportunity for environmental improvement within Hastings, they would themselves cut through areas of designated high environmental value. Stephen Byers, Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, said: "Both 'A New Deal for Trunk Roads in England' and the Ten Year Plan provide a strong presumption against harming sensitive sites including sites of special scientific interest, AONBs and habitats given international protection. The requirements of the Ramsar convention would only permit damage to the Pevensey levels site in the 'urgent national interest' and the Ramsar policy statement issued by DETR in November 2000 makes it clear that derogation of the urgent national interest can be used only where there are no alternatives and the benefits of the development demonstrably outweigh the acknowledged international status of the site. In my view, the balance of the arguments presented in favour of the bypasses is not sufficient to outweigh these very strong environmental requirements. I believe, therefore, we must look for alternative means to prevent the further decline of the area and to optimise its economic potential."

15. Subsequently, in a letter of 23 September 2001, the UK invoked its urgent national interests to construct flood defence works affecting the Humber Flats and Marshes Ramsar site. In addition to disturbance caused during the works, the extension of the existing wall will cause a direct loss of 0.15 hectares of mudflats. The letter indicates that "in accordance with the Ramsar Policy statement which was published last year, an assessment of these proposals has been carried out and the advice of English Nature sought on the implications of these schemes for the conservation objectives of the site. The assessment concluded that these schemes in combination would adversely affect the integrity of the Humber Flats and Marshes Ramsar site. Notwithstanding the negative outcome of the assessment, the UK authorities have concluded that these works should be approved in the urgent national interest. They are satisfied that there is no less damaging alternative solution that would deliver a satisfactory level of coastal defence".

16. As a compensation measure 80 hectares of land have been set aside and managed to create new intertidal habitat suitable for overwintering and breeding waterbirds through a formal legal agreement. The Ramsar Bureau was assured that the compensatory habitats are created as part of the realignment of the flood defence scheme and will be available by the time of completion of the flood defence works. The timing of the interventions is so as to minimize disturbance to water birds and their habitats. The UK will notify the Bureau about the Ramsar site area modification after the completion of the flood defence and compensation works in 2003, with a new Ramsar site map and RIS.

17. In relation to reports of Contracting Parties concerning changes in the ecological character of Ramsar sites (Article 3.2), the following inclusions were made by Parties in the Montreux Record of sites where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference:

a) Algeria, Oasis de Ouled
b) Argentina, Laguna de Llancanelo
c) Democratic Republic of Congo, Parc National des Mangroves
d) Mauritania, Parc National du Diawling
e) United Kingdom, Ouse Washes Ramsar

18. The Czech Republic requested the advice of the Ramsar Bureau for forest and peatbog management in the light of bark beetle calamities in the Sumava peatlands Ramsar Site, adjacent to the Bavarian Forest National Park (Germany). A Ramsar Advisory Mission was sent to the site.

19. A RAMs was also sent to the Delta del Ebro Ramsar site in Spain, and a seminar and on-the-spot appraisal was organized in Georgia concerning the Kulevi petrol port development inside the Central Kolkheti Ramsar site.

20. Annex 2 contains the list of Ramsar sites in which, according to the National Reports submitted for COP8, changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.


Annex 1

Ramsar Sites Designated after COP7 - Ramsar Database 29 October 2002

Sitios Ramsar designados después de la COP7 - Base de Datos, 29 de octubre de 2002

Sites Ramsar inscrits sur la Liste après la COP7 - Base de données au 29 octobre 2002

Country / País / Pays

Date of designation

Area

RAMSAR SITE / SITE RAMSAR / SITIO RAMSAR

Date de désignation

Superficie

Fecha designación

Área

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

855,500

Chott Ech Chergui

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

362,000

Chott El Hodna

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

337,700

Chott Merrouane et Oued Khrouf

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

56,870

Sebkha d'Oran

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

42,100

Complexe de zones humides de la plaine de Guerbes-Sanhadja

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

6,500

La Vallée d'Iherir

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

35,100

Les Gueltates d'Issakarassene

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

44,500

Marais de la Macta

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

25,400

Oasis de Ouled Saïd

ALGERIA

02/02/2001

95,700

Oasis de Tamantit et Sid Ahmed Timmi

ARGENTINA

14/12/1999

580,000

Lagunas de Guanacache

ARGENTINA

20/09/2000

157,000

Lagunas de Vilama

ARGENTINA

10/10/2001

492,000

Jaaukanigás

ARGENTINA

18/01/2002

24,550

Lagunas y Esteros del Iberá

ARGENTINA

28/05/2002

996,600

Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna de Mar Chiquita

AUSTRALIA

14/06/1999

93,160

Great Sandy Strait (incl. Great Sandy Strait, Tin Can Bay, and Tin Can Inlet)

AUSTRALIA

14/06/1999

823

Gwydir Wetlands: Gingham and Lower Gwydir Watercourses

AUSTRALIA

14/06/1999

44,612

Myall Lakes

AUSTRALIA

14/06/1999

5,531

Narran Lake Nature Reserve

AUSTRALIA

05/01/2001

677

Becher Point Wetlands

AUSTRALIA

05/01/2001

4,017

Lake Gore

AUSTRALIA

05/01/2001

10,631

Muir-Byenup System

AUSTRALIA

29/08/2001

261

Edithvale-Seaford Wetlands

AUSTRIA

22/12/1999

13,000

Waldviertel ponds, peatbogs & floodplains

AUSTRIA

01/03/2002

2,180

Lafnitztal

AZERBAIJAN

21/05/2001

500

Agh-Ghol

AZERBAIJAN

21/05/2001

99,060

Ghizil-Agaj

BANGLADESH

10/07/2000

9,500

Tanguar Haor

BELARUS

22/11/1999

19,384

Sporovsky Biological Reserve (zakaznik)

BELARUS

10/08/2001

90,447

Mid-Pripyat State Landscape Zakaznik

BELARUS

10/08/2001

94,219

Olmany Mires Zakaznik

BENIN

24/01/2000

47,500

Basse Vallée du Couffo, Lagune Côtiere, Chenal Aho, Lac Ahémé

BENIN

24/01/2000

91,600

Basse Vallée de l'Ouémé, Lagune de Porto-Novo, Lac Nokoué

BOLIVIA

13/06/2000

5,500

Cuenca de Tajzara

BOLIVIA

17/09/2001

615,882

Bañados del Izozog y el río Parapetí

BOLIVIA

17/09/2001

856,754

Palmar de las Islas y las Salinas de San José

BOLIVIA

17/09/2001

3,189,888

Pantanal Boliviano

BOLIVIA

06/05/2002

31,124

Laguna Concepción

BOLIVIA

11/07/2002

967,607

Lagos Poopó y Uru Uru

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

24/09/2001

7,411

Hutovo Blato

BRAZIL

28/02/2000

1,775,036

Baixada Maranhense Environmental Protection Area

BRAZIL

28/02/2000

34,556

Par.Est.Mar. do Parcel Manoel Luís incl. the Baixios do Mestre Alvaro and Tarol

BURUNDI

05/06/2002

1,000

Delta de la Rusizi de la Réserve Naturelle de la Rusizi et la partie nord de la zone littorale du lac Tanganyika

CAMBODIA

23/06/1999

28,000

Boeng Chmar and Associated River System and Floodplain

CAMBODIA

23/06/1999

12,000

Koh Kapik and Associated Islets

CAMBODIA

23/06/1999

14,600

Middle Stretches of Mekong River North of Stoeng Treng

CHAD

11/01/2002

1,648,168

Partie tchadienne du lac Tchad

CHINA

11/01/2002

32,600

Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve, Shanghai

CHINA

11/01/2002

78,000

Dafeng (Elaphurus davidianus) National Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

740,000

Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia

CHINA

11/01/2002

11,700

Dalian National Spotted Seal (Phoca vitulina) Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

7,680

Eerduosi National Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

21,836

Honghe National Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

400

Huidong Harbor Sea Turtle National Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

168,000

Nan Dongting Wetland and Waterfowl Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

164,400

San Jiang National Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

4,000

Shankou Mangrove Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

35,000

Xi Dongting Lake (Mupinghu)Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

222,488

Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

453,000

Yancheng National Nature Reserve

CHINA

11/01/2002

20,279

Zhanjiang Mangrove National Nature Reserve

COLOMBIA

08/01/2001

39,000

Laguna de la Cocha

COSTA RICA

07/03/2000

67,296

Cuenca Embalse Arenal

CUBA

12/04/2001

452,000

Ciénaga de Zapata

CYPRUS

11/07/2001

1,585

Larnaca Salt Lake

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

15/05/2002

20,000

Lago Enriquillo

ECUADOR

14/03/2000

22,500

Abras de Mantequilla

ECUADOR

07/06/2000

1,836

La Segua

ECUADOR

31/10/2000

4,705

Isla Santay

ECUADOR

02/02/2002

46

Refugio de Vida Silvestre Isla Santa Clara

ECUADOR

02/02/2002

113

Laguna de Cube

GUATEMALA

28/01/2000

132,900

Punta de Manabique

GUINEA

17/01/2002

1,015,450

Niger-Mafou

GUINEA

17/01/2002

1,046,400

Niger-Niandan-Milo

GUINEA

17/01/2002

180,400

Niger Source

GUINEA

17/01/2002

400,600

Niger-Tinkisso

GUINEA

17/01/2002

1,015,200

Sankarani-Fié

GUINEA

17/01/2002

896,000

Tinkisso

HONDURAS

10/07/1999

69,711

Sistema de Humedales de la Zona Sur de Honduras

HUNGARY

14/08/2001

2,075

Baradla Cave System and related wetlands

HUNGARY

14/08/2001

2,227

Ipoly Valley

INDIA

22/01/2002

183

Kanjli

INDIA

22/01/2002

1,365

Ropar

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

01/11/1999

75,000

Govater Bay and Hur-e-Bahu

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

29/12/1999

870

Sheedvar Island

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

05/11/2001

17,700

Gomishan Lagoon

JAPAN

14/10/2002

323

Fujimae-Higata

JAPAN

14/10/2002

41

Miyajima-numa

KENYA

27/08/2001

10,700

Lake Bogoria

KENYA

10/01/2002

31,469

Lake Baringo

LEBANON

03/08/2001

415

Palm Islands Nature Reserve

LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA

05/04/2000

Not confirmed

Ain Elshakika

LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA

05/04/2000

Not confirmed

Ain Elzarga

MAURITANIA

10/11/2000

15,500

Chat Tboul

MAURITIUS

30/05/2001

26

Rivulet Terre Rouge Estuary Bird Sanctuary

MEXICO

07/12/2000

61,707

Dzilam (reserva estatal)

NICARAGUA

08/11/2001

85,000

Cayos Miskitos y Franja Costera Immediata

NICARAGUA

08/11/2001

81,700

Deltas del Estero Real y Llanos de Apacunca

NICARAGUA

08/11/2001

5,415

Lago de Apanás-Asturias

NICARAGUA

08/11/2001

43,000

Refugio de Vida Silvestre Río San Juan

NICARAGUA

08/11/2001

86,501

Sistema de Humedales de la Bahía de Bluefields

NICARAGUA

08/11/2001

43,475

Sistema de Humedales de San Miguelito

NICARAGUA

08/11/2001

16,850

Sistema Lagunar de Tisma

NIGER

17/06/2001

66,829

Complexe Kokorou-Namga

NIGER

17/06/2001

340,423

Lac Tchad

NIGER

17/06/2001

88,050

Zone humide du moyen Niger

NIGERIA

02/10/2000

58,100

Nguru Lake (and Marma Channel) complex

NORWAY

06/08/2002

1,915

Balsfjord Wetland System

NORWAY

06/08/2002

4,000

Bliksvaer

NORWAY

06/08/2002

366

Dokkadelta

NORWAY

06/08/2002

785

Fokstumyra

NORWAY

06/08/2002

4,000

Havmyran

NORWAY

06/08/2002

1,547

Hynna

NORWAY

06/08/2002

5,000

Karlsoyvaer

NORWAY

06/08/2002

3,300

Kvisleflået

NORWAY

06/08/2002

10,800

Ovre Forra

NORWAY

06/08/2002

5,500

Skogvoll

NORWAY

06/08/2002

1,200

Slettnes

NORWAY

06/08/2002

3,360

Tanamunningen

NORWAY

06/08/2002

670

Trondheimfjord wetland system

NORWAY

06/08/2002

920

Tufsingdelta

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

5,000

Astola (Haft Talar) Island

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

27,000

Hub (Hab) Dam

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

125,000

Indus Dolphin Reserve

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

4,600

Jiwani Coastal Wetland

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

706

Jubho Lagoon

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

55,000

Miani Hor

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

2,540

Nurri Lagoon

PAKISTAN

10/05/2001

2,400

Ormara Turtle Beaches

PERU

05/06/2002

3,827,329

Complejo de humedales del Abanico del río Pastaza

PHILIPPINES

12/11/1999

14,568

Naujan Lake National Park

PHILIPPINES

12/11/1999

14,836

Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary

PHILIPPINES

12/11/1999

33,200

Tubbataha Reefs National Marine Park

PORTUGAL

24/10/2001

50

Paúl de Tornada (Tornada Marsh)

PORTUGAL

24/10/2001

233

Paúl do Taipal (Taipal Marsh)

REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

20/06/2000

19,152

Lower Prut Lakes

ROMANIA

15/06/2001

17,586

Small Island of Braila

SAINT LUCIA

19/02/2002

25

Savannes Bay

SAINT LUCIA

19/02/2002

60

Mankoté

SIERRA LEONE

13/12/1999

295,000

Sierra Leone River Estuary

SLOVAK REPUBLIC

02/02/2001

622

Domica

SLOVENIA

21/05/1999

305

Skocjanske Jame (Skocjan Caves)

SOUTH AFRICA

16/10/2001

5,891

Verloren Valei Nature Reserve

SRI LANKA

03/08/2001

1,397

Annaiwilundawa Tanks Sanctuary

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

20,100

Aloppkölen-Köpmankölen

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

12,200

Asköviken-Sörfjärden

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

12,500

Blekinge archipelago

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

17,300

Dalälven-Färnebofjärden

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

3,350

Dumme mosse

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

1,580

Emån

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

910

Fylleån

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

1,650

Kallgate-Hejnum

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

4,070

Komosse

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

1,980

Lundåkra Bay

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

2,740

Mörrumsån-Pukavik Bay

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

950

Mossaträsk-Stormyran

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

7,210

Nordre älv estuary

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

10,100

Oldflån-Flån

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

1,350

Skälderviken

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

3,610

Södra Bråviken

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

7,040

Storkölen

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

350

Sulsjön-Sulån

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

12,300

Tönnersjöheden-Årshultsmyren

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

410

Tysjöarna

SWEDEN

19/11/2001

4,170

Västra Roxen

TAJIKISTAN

18/07/2001

36,400

Karakul Lake

TAJIKISTAN

18/07/2001

52,000

Kayrakum Reservoir

TAJIKISTAN

18/07/2001

Not confirmed

Lower part of Pyandj River

TAJIKISTAN

18/07/2001

2,400

Shorkul and Rangkul Lakes

TAJIKISTAN

18/07/2001

3,800

Zorkul Lake

THAILAND

05/07/2001

2,214

Bung Khong Long Non-Hunting Area

THAILAND

05/07/2001

87,500

Don Hoi Lot

THAILAND

05/07/2001

21,299

Krabi Estuary

THAILAND

05/07/2001

434

Nong Bong Kai Non-Hunting Area

THAILAND

05/07/2001

20,100

Princess Sirindhorn Wildlife Sanctuary (Pru To Daeng Wildlife Sanctuary)

THAILAND

14/08/2002

66,313

Had Chao Mai Marine National Park - Ta Libong Island Non-Hunting Area - Trang River Estuaries

THAILAND

14/08/2002

122,046

Kaper Estuary - Laemson Marine National Park - Kraburi Estuary

THAILAND

14/08/2002

10,200

Mu Koh Ang Thong Marine National Park

THAILAND

14/08/2002

40,000

Pang Nga Bay Marine National Park

UNITED KINGDOM

22/07/1999

4,197

Cromarty Firth

UNITED KINGDOM

22/07/1999

2,339

Inner Moray Firth

UNITED KINGDOM

22/07/1999

158

Muir of Dinnet

UNITED KINGDOM

22/07/1999

4,705

North Uist Machair and Islands, Phase I

UNITED KINGDOM

22/07/1999

2,439

Poole Harbour

UNITED KINGDOM

16/12/1999

529

Arun Valley

UNITED KINGDOM

02/02/2000

1,108

Northumbria Coast

UNITED KINGDOM

05/05/2000

5,589

Thames Estuary and Marshes

UNITED KINGDOM

28/07/2000

183

Black Bog

UNITED KINGDOM

28/07/2000

224

Fairy Water Bogs

UNITED KINGDOM

28/07/2000

6,923

Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary

UNITED KINGDOM

28/07/2000

1,885

Slieve Beagh

UNITED KINGDOM

05/09/2000

1,826

Inner Clyde Estuary

UNITED KINGDOM

09/10/2000

448

Lee Valley

UNITED KINGDOM

09/10/2000

828

South West London Waterbodies

UNITED KINGDOM

08/11/2000

155

Garry Bog

UNITED KINGDOM

10/11/2000

3,210

South East Coast of Jersey, Channel Islands

UNITED KINGDOM

22/12/2000

58,984

Lewis Peatlands

UNITED KINGDOM

13/08/2001

402

Isles of Scilly

UNITED KINGDOM

30/10/2001

6,314

Firth of Forth

UNITED KINGDOM

16/11/2001

1,939

Sleibhtean agus Cladach Thiriodh (Tiree Wetlands and Coast)

UNITED KINGDOM

10/06/2002

43

Fardrum and Roosky Turloughs

UNITED KINGDOM

10/06/2002

15

Turmennan Lough

UNITED KINGDOM (British Indian Oc. Terr.)

04/07/2001

35,424

Diego Garcia

UNITED KINGDOM (Falkland Is./Is. Malvinas)

24/09/2001

4,000

Bertha's Beach

UNITED KINGDOM (Falkland Is./Is. Malvinas)

24/09/2001

1,000

Sea Lion Island

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

13/04/2000

3,250,000

Malagarasi-Muyovozi Wetlands

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

04/07/2001

224,781

Lake Natron Basin

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

25/04/2002

796,735

Kilombero Valley Floodplain

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

12/02/2002

8,958

Quivira National Wildlife Refuge

UZBEKISTAN

08/10/2001

31,300

Lake Dengizkul

TOTAL AREA

13,239,935


List of sites where original area figure has been changed for extension, GIS precision, correction or rounding adjustment.

Lista de sitios cuya área ha sido modificada debido a una extensión, mayor presición con SIG, correción, o rodondeo de la cifra

Liste des sites dont la surface a été modifiée en raison d'une extension, d'un supplément de précision dû à l'utilisation d'un SIG, d'une correction ou d'un arrondissement des chiffres

 

Change

Cambio

Changement

Country / País / Pays

Fecha/Date

SITE / SITIO

in area

en área

en superficie

ALGERIA

04/11/1983

Lac Tonga

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

12/06/1980

Kakadu (Stage I and components of Stage III)

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

16/11/1982

Lavinia Nature Reserve

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

16/11/1982

Pittwater-Orielton Lagoon

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

16/11/1982

Cape Barren Island,east coast lagoons

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

16/11/1982

Jocks Lagoon

decrease

disminución

diminution

AUSTRALIA

16/11/1982

Little Waterhouse Lake

decrease

disminución

diminution

AUSTRALIA

21/02/1984

Towra Point

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

21/02/1984

Kooragang

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

01/08/1986

Macquarie Marshes

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

07/06/1990

Ord River floodplain

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

07/06/1990

Peel-Yalgorup system

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

07/06/1990

Lake Toolibin

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

07/06/1990

Vasse-Wonnerup system

increase

aumento

augmentation

AUSTRALIA

17/03/1996

Blue Lake

increase

aumento

augmentation

BELGIUM

04/03/1986

Schorren van de Beneden Schelde

decrease

disminución

diminution

BELGIUM

04/03/1986

De IJzerbroeken te Diksmuide en Lo-Reninge

increase

aumento

augmentation

BOLIVIA

27/06/1990

Laguna Colorada

increase

aumento

augmentation

BULGARIA

24/09/1975

Srébarna

increase

aumento

augmentation

CANADA

26/09/1995

Mer Bleue Conservation Area

increase

aumento

augmentation

COSTA RICA

27/12/1991

Palo Verde

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Aspskär Islands

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Söderskär and Långören Archipelago

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Björkör and Lågskär Archipelago

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Signilskär-Märket Archipelago

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Valassaaret-Björkögrunden Archipelago

decrease

disminución

diminution

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Krunnit Islands

decrease

disminución

diminution

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Porvoonjoki Estuary - Stensböle

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Vanhankaupunginlahti and Laajalahti Bays

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Patvinsuo National Park

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat Mires

increase

aumento

augmentation

FINLAND

28/05/1974

Koitilainen Mires

increase

aumento

augmentation

FRANCE

08/04/1991

Golfe du Morbihan

increase

aumento

augmentation

GERMANY

26/02/1976

Wattenmeer, Elbe - Weser - Dreieck

increase

aumento

augmentation

GERMANY

26/02/1976

Wattenmeer, Jadebusen & westliche Wesermündung

increase

aumento

augmentation

GERMANY

26/02/1976

Wattenmeer, Ostfriesisches Wattenmeer & Dollart

decrease

disminución

diminution

GERMANY

26/02/1976

Niederelbe, Barnkrug - Otterndorf

decrease

disminución

diminution

GERMANY

26/02/1976

Diepholzer Moorniederung

increase

aumento

augmentation

GERMANY

26/02/1976

Steinhuder Meer

increase

aumento

augmentation

GERMANY

15/11/1991

Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea and adjacent areas

increase

aumento

augmentation

GREECE

21/08/1975

Evros Delta

decrease

disminución

diminution

GREECE

21/08/1975

Lake Vistonis, Porto Lagos, Lake Ismaris & adjoining lagoons

increase

aumento

augmentation

GREECE

21/08/1975

Nestos delta & adjoining lagoons

increase

aumento

augmentation

GREECE

21/08/1975

Lakes Volvi & Koronia

increase

aumento

augmentation

GREECE

21/08/1975

Artificial Lake Kerkini

increase

aumento

augmentation

GREECE

21/08/1975

Axios, Loudias, Aliakmon Delta

increase

aumento

augmentation

GREECE

21/08/1975

Lake Mikri Prespa

decrease

disminución

diminution

GREECE

21/08/1975

Amvrakikos gulf

decrease

disminución

diminution

GREECE

21/08/1975

Messolonghi lagoons

increase

aumento

augmentation

GREECE

21/08/1975

Kotychi lagoons

increase

aumento

augmentation

GUATEMALA

26/06/1990

Parque Nacional Laguna del Tigre

increase

aumento

augmentation

HUNGARY

11/04/1979

Kis-Balaton

increase

aumento

augmentation

HUNGARY

17/03/1989

Lake Fertö

increase

aumento

augmentation

HUNGARY

17/03/1989

Lake Balaton

.

.

.

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

23/06/1975

Deltas of Rud-e-Shur, Rud-e-Shirin and Rud-e-Minab

increase

aumento

augmentation

IRELAND

15/11/1984

Wexford Wildfowl Reserve

increase

aumento

augmentation

IRELAND

01/06/1987

Knockmoyle/Sheskin

increase

aumento

augmentation

IRELAND

10/07/1989

Tralee Bay

increase

aumento

augmentation

IRELAND

30/05/1990

Castlemaine Harbour

increase

aumento

augmentation

ITALY

14/12/1976

Pian di Spagna - Lago di Mezzola

increase

aumento

augmentation

ITALY

14/12/1976

Stagno di Cagliari (a.k.a. Santa Gilla)

increase

aumento

augmentation

JAPAN

17/06/1980

Kushiro-shitsugen

increase

aumento

augmentation

MEXICO

04/07/1986

Reserva Ría Lagartos

increase

aumento

augmentation

NETHERLANDS

23/05/1980

Weerribben

increase

aumento

augmentation

NORWAY

09/07/1974

Åkersvika

increase

aumento

augmentation

NORWAY

24/07/1985

Jaeren wetland system

increase

aumento

augmentation

POLAND

03/01/1984

Jezioro Swidwie

increase

aumento

augmentation

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

11/10/1976

Volga Delta

increase

aumento

augmentation

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

13/09/1994

Lake Manych-Gudilo

decrease

disminución

diminution

SLOVAK REPUBLIC

02/07/1990

Súr

increase

aumento

augmentation

SLOVAK REPUBLIC

26/05/1993

Dunajské luhy (Danube floodplains)

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

05/12/1974

Helgeån

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

05/12/1974

Öland, eastern coastal areas

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

05/12/1974

Getterön

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

05/12/1974

Gotland, east coast

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

05/12/1974

Hornborgasjön (lake)

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

12/06/1989

Stigfjorden

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

12/06/1989

Dättern

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

12/06/1989

Kilsviken

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

12/06/1989

Svartån (river)

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWEDEN

12/06/1989

Hovran area (river)

increase

aumento

augmentation

SWITZERLAND

09/11/1990

Le Rhône genevois-Vallons de l'Allondon et de La Laire

increase

aumento

augmentation

TURKEY

13/07/1994

Göksu Deltasi

increase

aumento

augmentation

UKRAINE

23/11/1995

Tendrivska Bay

decrease

disminución

diminution

UKRAINE

11/10/1976

Karkinitska and Dzharylgatska Bays

increase

aumento

augmentation

UKRAINE

11/10/1976

Central Syvash

increase

aumento

augmentation

UKRAINE

23/11/1995

Eastern Syvash

increase

aumento

augmentation

UKRAINE

11/10/1976

Yagorlytska Bay

increase

aumento

augmentation

UKRAINE

23/11/1995

Molochnyi Liman

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

05/01/1976

Lindisfarne

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

05/01/1976

Minsmere - Walberswick

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

05/01/1976

North Norfolk Coast

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

05/01/1976

Ouse Washes

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

24/07/1981

Abberton Reservoir

decrease

disminución

diminution

UNITED KINGDOM

17/07/1985

The Swale

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

17/07/1985

Derwent Ings (part of Lower Derwent Valley)

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

01/10/1986

Rockcliffe Marsh (part of Upper Solway Flats & Marshes)

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

30/03/1988

The Wash

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

13/07/1994

Stour & Orwell Estuaries

decrease

disminución

diminution

UNITED KINGDOM

21/09/1994

Broadland

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

24/03/1995

Crouch & Roach Estuaries (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 3)

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

15/08/1995

Teesmouth & Cleveland Coast

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

27/11/1995

Loch of Strathbeg

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

27/11/1995

Rinns of Islay

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

20/12/1995

Mersey Estuary

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

29/03/1996

Breydon Water

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

16/08/1996

Loch Ruthven

decrease

disminución

diminution

UNITED KINGDOM

04/10/1996

Foulness (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 5)

decrease

disminución

diminution

UNITED KINGDOM

04/10/1996

Alde-Ore Estuary

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

04/10/1996

Morecambe Bay

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

02/02/1998

Caithness Lochs

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM

22/07/1999

North Uist Machair and Islands, Phase I

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED KINGDOM (Turks and Caicos Islands)

27/06/1990

North, Middle & East Caicos Islands

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

19/10/1988

Cheyenne Bottoms

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

21/11/1989

Cache-Lower White Rivers

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

23/10/1993

Caddo Lake

increase

aumento

augmentation

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

14/10/1994

Connecticut River Estuary and Tidal River Wetlands Complex

increase

aumento

augmentation


Annex 2

List of Ramsar sites in which human-induced negative changes have occurred or may occur as indicated in COP8 National Reports (action 5.1.2)

Lista de sitios Ramsar en los que han ocurrido o pueden ocurrir cambios negativos inducidos por el hombre, como se desprende de los Informes Nacionales presentados para la COP8 (action 5.1.2)

Liste des sites Ramsar dont les caractéristiques écologiques ont connu, connaissent ou sont susceptibles de connaître des modifications défavorables causées par l’homme, comme indiqué dans les Rapports nationaux à la COP8 (action 5.1.2)

Country/País/Pays Sites/Sitios
Algeria Le lac Oubeïra, Lac des Oiseaux ou Garaet et Touyour
Argentina Laguna Blanca, Laguna de Llancanelo, Reserva Costa Atlantica de Tierra de Fuego
Armenia Lake Sevan, Lake Arpi
Australia Gippsland Lakes, Lower Ringarooma River, Coongie Lakes, Narran Lake Nature Reserve, Kakadu (Stage 2), Pitt Water-Orielton Lagoon, Bowling Green Bay, Western District Lakes, Towra Point, Muir-Byenup System, Kakadu (Stage 1 and components of Stage 3), Kerang Wetlands, Riverland, Hosnie’s Springs, Lake Albacutya, The Coorong Lake Alexandrina and Lake Albert, Interlaken Lakeside Reserve, Little Waterhouse Lake, Moreton Bay, Toolibin Lake, Bool and Hacks Lagoon, Currawinya Lakes
Austria Rotmoos im Fuschertal, Stauseen am Unteren Inn, Neusiedler See-Seewinkel, Pürgschachen Moor, Rheindelta Bodensee, Donau-March-Auen, Hörfeld-Moor
Belarus Sporovsky Biological Reserve (‘zakaznik’), Mid-Pripyat State Landscape Zakaznik
Belgium Schorren van de Beneden Schelde, De Ijzerbroeken te Diksmuide en Lo-Reninge
Benin Basse Vallée du Couffo, Lagune Côtiere, Chenal Aho, Lac Ahémé
Botswana Okavango Delta System
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake and Lake Shabla
China Honghe National Nature Reserve, Zhalong, Niaodao ("Bird Island")
Costa Rica Caño Negro, Palo Verde, Terraba-Sierpe
Croatia Lonjsko Polje & Mokro Polje (incl. Krapje Djol), Delta Neretve
Czech Republic Poodri, Mokrady dolního Podyjí (floodplain of lower Dyje River), Litovelské Pomoraví and Trebonská rybníky (Trebon fishponds)
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Egypt Lake Burullus, Lake Bardawil
Estonia Matsalu State Nature Reserve, Endla Nature Reserve, Soomaa National Park, Alam-Pedja Nature Reserve, Vilsandi National Park, Hiiumaa Islets and Käina Bay
Finland Vanhankaupunginlahti and Laajalahti Bays
Germany Mühlenberger Loch, Galenbecker See
Guatemala Parque Nacional Laguna del Tigre
Hungary Gemenc, Béda Karapancsa, Szaporca, Pacsmag Fishponds and Kis-Balaton
India Loktak Lake, Chilika Lake, Keoladeo National Park
Islamic Republic of Iran Shadegan Marshes & mudflats of Khor-al Amaya & Khor Musa, Lake Urmia [or Orumiyeh], Anzali Mordab (Talab) complex, Lake Parishan & Dasht-e-Arjan, Deltas of Rud-e-Gaz & Rud-e-Hara.
Israel En Afeq Nature Reserve, Hula Nature Reserve
Japan Biwa-ko, Izu-numa and Uchi-numa, Katano-kamoike, Kushiro-shitsugen, Sakata, Utonai-ko, Yatsu-higata, Kutcharo-ko
Kenya Lake Nakuru, Lake Naivasha
Lietchenstein Ruggeller Riet
Mali Walado Debo/Lac Debo, Séri et le Lac Horo
Mauritania Parc National du Diawling
Mauritius Rivulet Terre Rouge Estuary Bird Sanctuary
Morocco All Ramsar sites
Namibia Orange River Mouth
Netherlands Waddenzee (Wadden Sea)
New Zealand All Ramsar sites
Nicaragua Los Guatuzos
Norway Ørlandet wetland system (Kråkvågsvaet), Froan, Ilene/Prestrudkilen, Åkersvika, Tautra and Tyrifjorden
Panama San San Pond Sack
Peru Reserva Nacional de Junín, Zona Reservada de los Pantanos de Villa, Pacaya Samiria, Paracas, Santuario Nacional Los Manglares de Tumbes, Lago Titicaca (Peruvian sector)
Senegal Djoudj, Bassin du Ndiael.
Spain Delta del Ebro, Doñana, Las Tablas de Daimiel
Sri Lanka Bundala, Annaiwilundawa Tanks Sanctuary
Thailand 10 wetland sites. No details
Togo Parc National de la Kéran
Trinidad and Tobago Nariva Swamp
Turkey Lake Kus (Manyas)
Uganda Lake George
Ukraine Shatsk Lakes, Prypiat River Floodplains
United Kingdom 10 sites with factors under no control: Spittal Pond,Bermuda; Warwick Pond,Bermuda; Esthwaite Water,England; Ouse Washes,England; Sea Lion Island,Falklands; Garron Plateau,Northern Ireland; Lough Foyle,Northern Ireland; Pettigoe Plateau,Northern Ireland; Slieve Beagh,Northern Ireland; Upper Lough Erne,Northern Ireland. 68 sites in which ecological factors which seem to be under control, but it is too early to be sure (appendix 10.2 in National Report)
United States of America Everglades National Park
Uruguay Bañados del Este y Franja Costera
Viet Nam Xuan Thuy Natural Wetland Reserve
Yugoslavia Ludasko Lake
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The Convention today

Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,186 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,674,342

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