Iran designates Choghakhor Wetland as its 23rd Wetland of International Importance
Choghakhor Wetland (1,687 ha; 31º55’N 050º54’E), Islamic Republic of Iran, supports more than 47 bird species, with breeding populations of migratory birds such as the Northern Pintail (Anas acuta). As summarised by Marian Gwilliam, it supports more than 1% of the population of Gadwall (Anas strepera) and harbours threatened species such as the endangered White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) and the vulnerable Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca).
Choghakhor Wetland is considered to be one of the most important sites in Iran for the endemic Zagros pupfish (Aphanius vladykovi). It is important for flood control, ground water replenishment, and is generally considered a reservoir for biodiversity. Plants with important medicinal properties (e.g. Achillea millefolium) can be harvested, and locals engage in livelihood activities such as fishing and agriculture.
Threats to the site include the collection of bird eggs and poaching. Dam construction in 1991 has caused increasing water levels in the wetland which in turn, has affected the availability of bird habitats. The Department of Environment is responsible for the management of this site.