The 9th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties

25/07/2005


"Wetlands and water: supporting life, sustaining livelihoods"
9th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties
to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971)
Kampala, Uganda, 8-15 November 2005
Agenda item XV
Ramsar COP9 DR 2

Future implementation of scientific and technical aspects of the Convention

Explanatory Note by the Secretariat

1. In Resolution VIII.45 the Contracting Parties recognized the need to find ways and means of streamlining the process of preparation, consideration and adoption of Resolutions, including those with a technical content, by the Standing Committee and Conference of the Parties.

2. In consideration of these matters, the Scientific and Technical Review Panel (STRP) and Secretariat developed a proposal to the Standing Committee's Subgroup on COP9 for the presentation of scientific and technical materials to COP9 in the form of two draft Resolutions (DRs): one with the various new and updated scientific and technical guidelines and other advice prepared by the STRP annexed to it (provided as COP9 DR1 and its Annexes), and the other setting out the future scientific and technical implementation actions and priorities for the STRP and other bodies of the Convention - this document COP9 DR2.

3. This approach was approved by the Standing Committee (Decision SC31-9) and the Subgroup on COP9 (Decision COP9 SG-3), which requested the inclusion of a mechanism for articulating the priorities and financial implications for the STRP's work, both before and during COP9, and instructed that a costed programme should be included in the DR as an annex.

4. In taking this approach, the STRP and the Subgroup on COP9 recognized that the approach of consolidating the suite of actions previously spread through the operative paragraphs of numerous separate technical Resolutions would have the major advantage that Parties at COP will be able to consider more easily the overall pattern and balance of proposed future activities for the different bodies of the Convention and get a clear view of priorities for the work to be requested of the STRP in the 2006-2008 triennium.

5. Annex 1 of DR2 provides the costed set of priority tasks for the STRP's work in the 2006-2008 triennium. These 25 tasks are further prioritised into 10 tasks that are proposed as "Immediate Priorities" which should be the first to be initiated after the start of the triennium and a further 15 tasks as "High Priorities" for delivery during the 2006-2008 triennium, capacity and resources permitting. This approach is consistent with the role of the STRP in providing strategic advice to the Standing Committee and COP concerning future scientific and technical priorities for the Convention.

6. Annex 2 provides the full list of future scientific and technical implementation actions for the Convention for the six-year period 2006-2011. This two-triennia period is applied in recognition of the proposed future operation by the STRP of a rolling six-year work programme (see [COP9 DR12]). Actions are provided under a set of thematic sub-headings. Within each, actions for the STRP are identified separately from actions for others, which include actions for Contracting Parties, the Standing Committee, the Secretariat, and the International Organization Partners (IOPs).

7. In compiling the schedule of actions in Annex 2, the STRP and Secretariat have drawn upon a number of sources in order to ensure that the scientific and technical actions still active from other Convention decisions, as well as actions identified in STRP's strategic review, are all included. These include the Convention's Strategic Plan 2003-2008, other COP8 Resolutions, COP9 regional preparatory meeting reports, actions carried over from STRP's 2003-2005 Work Plan, and actions identified from the guidelines and other advice prepared by the STRP in the 2003-2005 triennium (the Annexes to COP9 DR1) and in other COP9 draft Resolutions.

8. In addition, proposed actions of a scientific and technical nature in other COP9 DRs being considered by the Standing Committee are included in Annex 2 of COP9 DR2. These appear in square brackets […], since they are subject to COP9 approval. It will therefore be necessary to finalise the text of Annex 2 after COP9, once the COP has approved the texts of all relevant draft Resolutions.

9. It is important to keep in mind when considering the Annexes to COP9 DR2 that the actions included in them concern only the scientific and technical implementation of the Convention, and that the intent of DR2 does not extend to covering actions of a policy, procedural and administrative nature.

10. Implementation of policy, procedural and administrative actions during the 2006-2008 triennium are covered in the Annex to COP9 DR9 "A Framework for the implementation of the Convention's Strategic Plan 2003-2008 in the 2006-2008 period". It is proposed in COP9 DR2 and COP9 DR9 that Contracting Parties approve the consolidation by the Secretariat of the Annexes to DR9 and DR2 in order to form the Convention's Work Plan 2006-2008.

COP9 DR2

Future implementation of scientific and technical aspects of the Convention

1. RECALLING Resolution VIII.45, in which the Contracting Parties recognized the need to make more effective and efficient the process of drafting, considering, adopting and implementing Resolutions and Recommendations;

2. RECOGNIZING that with an increasingly large suite of technical and scientific guidance and other materials available to Parties, the provision of a number of overarching frameworks for different major aspects of Convention implementation, including a Framework for the implementation of the Convention ([COP9 DR9]), the Conceptual Framework for the wise use concept ([COP9 DR1 - Annex A]), a revised Strategic Framework and guidelines for the further development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance ([COP9 DR1 - Annex B]), a Framework for Ramsar's water-related guidance ([COP9 DR1 - Annex C]), and an Integrated Framework for wetland inventory, assessment and monitoring (([COP9 DR1 - Annex E]), represents a helpful step in better equipping Parties to implement the Convention and also in identifying gaps in existing guidance;

3. WELCOMING the preparation of a Ramsar Technical Report Series with the purpose of publishing detailed technical methodologies, reviews and reports on wetland ecology, conservation, wise use and management, as an enhanced information support service to Contracting Parties and the wider wetland community in support of implementation of the Ramsar Convention;

4. ALSO RECOGNIZING that some scientific and technical implementation actions are specified in a number of other Resolutions of the present meeting of the Conference of Parties and that such Resolutions have the purpose of focusing on specific priority areas of evolving policy under the Convention, whilst the purpose of this Resolution is to provide an overall picture of key scientific and technical implementation actions for the Convention for 2006-2011;

5. RECALLING that Resolution VIII.28 established a mechanism for the prioritisation of the work of the Scientific and Technical Review Panel (STRP); and

6. AWARE that it has not been possible to progress significant elements of STRP's priority work in the 2003-2005 triennium, and that full delivery of the Panel's programme remains subject to resources, in particular to voluntary contributions from Parties and others;

THE CONFERENCE OF THE CONTRACTING PARTIES

7. APPROVES the immediate and high priority actions for the STRP for the 2006-2008 triennium in Annex 1 to this Resolution and ALSO APPROVES the schedule of actions in Annex 2 as a scientific and technical implementation programme for the Convention for the period 2006-2011;

8. INSTRUCTS the Secretariat to consolidate into Annex 2 to this Resolution, as appropriate, any additional scientific and technical implementation actions arising from other Resolutions adopted by the present meeting of the Conference of Parties;

9. REQUESTS the Secretariat to consolidate Annexes 1 and 2 to this Resolution with the Annex to Resolution [COP9 DR9] to form the Convention's Work Plan 2006-2008, and to make this available to Contracting Parties and others without delay; and

10. URGES Parties, donors, intergovernmental agencies, International Organization Partners, national NGOs, and others to use this programme, including the costed programme for immediate and high priority STRP actions in Annex 1 to this Resolution, in deciding priorities for their financial and other material support towards the future scientific and technical implementation of the Ramsar Convention.


Annex 1

Immediate priority and high priority tasks and the estimated costs for their delivery, for the STRP's programme of work 2006-2008

The following 25 tasks and their estimated costs have been recommended by the Scientific and Technical Review Panel (STRP) as priority activities for its work plan for the 2006-2008 triennium. These are divided into two categories:

i. Immediate Priority tasks: those which should be initiated by the STRP as early as possible in the 2006-2008 triennium using available resources; and

ii. High Priority tasks: those which should be initiated during the 2006-2008 triennium as and when the resources available to the STRP permit. Some of these High Priority tasks are also dependent on the prior delivery of Immediate Priority tasks.

Ten tasks are identified as Immediate Priorities for the STRP. These cover the following topics:

  • Performing an ongoing strategic scientific and technical "review" function and a "response" function for preparing guidance on emerging issues;
  • Reviewing implementation of scientific and technical COP Resolutions;
  • Reviewing data and information needs for Ramsar sites and other wetlands, and developing guidance on inter alia describing wetland ecological character and Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS) amendments;
  • Establishing mechanisms for the implementation and assessment of the indicators of effectiveness of the implementation of the Convention ([COP9 DR1 Annex D]);
  • Developing an adaptation to the Ramsar context of the "Critical Path" approach for river basin management ([COP9 DR1 Annex C i]) and preparing operational guidance to include the application of CEPA tools;
  • Preparing guidelines for Parties on the implementation of environmental water requirements for wetlands;
  • Undertaking a strategic review of water quality and wetland issues;
  • Elaborating and updating the list of appropriate population estimates and 1% thresholds for the application of Criterion 9 ([COP9 DR1 Annex B]);
  • Seeking opportunities to prepare materials for outreach purposes, including on mainstreaming Ramsar issues within the water sector; and
  • Reviewing the relationships and issues concerning the wise use of wetland ecosystems and human health.

Provisional estimated costs are based on each task requiring the engagement by the STRP of an expert (or experts) to undertake the work required. Estimated costs have been provided by the STRP and its expert Working Groups - more precise costings and ways and means for the delivery of these tasks, not all of which may prove to need such funded expert consultancies, will be developed at the onset of the 2006-2008 triennium through the mechanisms established under the revised STRP modus operandi ([COP9 DR12]) and reported to the Standing Committee.

Provisional estimated costs for the ten Immediate Priority tasks are CHF 225,000, and for the other 15 2006-2008 High Priority tasks are CHF 215,000.

Abbreviated titles of some tasks are given in this Annex. Reference should be made to the relevant numbered task in Annex 2 for the full description of each task.

I. Issues arising from Resolution VIII.45 and the "ongoing" functions of the STRP

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
2. Perform a true "review" function of addressing issues of strategic scientific and technical direction for the Convention, acting as a response mechanism to give scientific and technical advice to the Convention on emerging issues, with an overall aim of achieving a balance between these proactive guidance and reactive advice functions.
Immediate priority

Minimal

(will be covered within the modus operandi for STRP meetings and processes)

3. Maintain an overview of progress with scientific and technical aspects of the implementation of COP Resolutions.
Immediate priority
20,000
(if, once scoped, the task requires consultation with site managers, Contracting Parties and others)
5. Review the range of existing Ramsar guidance, with a view to:
- identifying gaps,
- repackaging older guidance into updated documents, and
- proposing retiring or withdrawing outdated documents.
High priority
5,000
Subtotal:
25,000

II. Issues relating to the Conceptual Framework for the wise use of wetlands and the maintenance of their ecological character [COP9 DR1 Annex A]

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
14. Review the case studies in The Wise Use of Wetlands (Ramsar, 1993) and other relevant case studies, review subsequent implementation progress with these cases, and provide updated studies.
High priority

30,000

Subtotal:
30,000

III. Issues relating to the Integrated Framework for wetland inventory, assessment and monitoring ([COP9 DR1 Annex E]) and indicators of Convention effectiveness ([COP9 DR1 Annex D])

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
39. i. Conduct a review of data and information needs for Ramsar sites and of the implications for official reporting, the further development of the Ramsar Sites Information Service, and the scope for harmonizing such reporting with the needs of other multilateral environmental agreements.
i. (data needs review): 30,000

ii. In light of the conclusions of this review, conduct a fundamental review of the structure of the Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS), having regard to Resolution VIII.6 on a Framework for wetland inventory, [COP9 DR1 Annex A] on a Conceptual Framework for the wise use of wetlands and the maintenance of their ecological character, including its revised definition of the term "ecological character", and other relevant COP9 decisions. Priority issues to address include:

  • preparation of guidance for the description of the ecological character of wetlands;
  • development of protocols for the electronic submission of Ramsar Information Sheets;
  • harmonization of the layout and information fields of the RIS with the core data fields of the Framework for wetland inventory and the description of ecological character;
  • approaches to handling transnational sites; and
  • investigation of the possible inclusion of a core data field in the RIS to allow for the insertion of a precise site boundary description.
ii. RIS review and ecological character guidance etc.): 15,000
iii. In conjunction with these reviews, develop a scheme of data needs for wetlands more generally addressing separately both the global level and the site level.
Immediate priority

iii. (wetland data needs review): 15,000

40. Prepare advice on delineating and mapping wetlands, in conjunction with the description of their ecological character, including issues concerning digital mapping.
High priority
15,000
41. Prepare further consolidated guidance on the overall process of detecting, reporting and responding to change in ecological character.
High priority
20,000
46. Establish and implement mechanisms for the collection, collation, analysis, assessment, reporting, publishing and disseminating the results and conclusions of the indicators of effectiveness of the implementation of the Convention.
Immediate priority

25,000

(Note. This task will include identification of any additional costs concerning analysis, assessment, reporting and dissemination of each indicator, depending on the mechanisms established.)

47. Develop, test and put forward for use by Parties further indicators of effectiveness of the implementation of the Convention.
High priority
15,000
Subtotal:
135,000

IV. Issues relating to the Integrated Framework for Ramsar's water-related guidance ([COP9 DR1 Annex C])

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
65. Develop in more detail an adaptation to the Ramsar context of the "Critical Path" approach for river basin management and (as appropriate) coastal zone management, including case study analysis, and prepare operational guidance, including for the application of CEPA tools.
Immediate priority
30,000

69. Develop guidance on good practice in the integration of wetlands into Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), based on case studies to be sought from Parties.
High priority

15,000
73. Prepare guidelines for Parties on the implementation of environmental water requirements for wetlands.
Immediate priority

15,000

74. Prepare technical review reports on: i. groundwater-wetland interactions; and ii. the use and management of groundwater to maintain ecosystem functions. Once these reports are complete, review the present Integrated Framework for Ramsar's water-related guidance ([COP9 DR1 Annex C]) and prepare detailed technical guidance on developing groundwater management strategies which aim at maintenance of wetland ecosystems and minimizing or mitigating the impacts of groundwater abstraction, and make other updating amendments as necessary.
High priority
20,000 for review reports
10,000 for further guidance on strategies etc.
5,000 for reviewing and updating framework
75. Undertake a strategic review of water quality and wetland issues; develop a medium-term plan and terms of reference for addressing water quality issues in Ramsar guidance; and subsequently prepare guidance for Parties on including water quality in environmental water requirement determination and implementation.
Immediate priority
25,000
Subtotal:
120,000

V. Issues relating to the revised Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance ([COP9 DR1 Annex B])

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
83. Develop an interpretation of the term 'under-represented' wetland type and investigate methods for defining targets for representation of wetland types in the Ramsar List.
High priority
15,000

86. Review existing guidance on designation of specific wetland types, assess the need for additional guidance, and as necessary develop such guidance.
High priority

25,000
88. Elaborate and update the list of appropriate population estimates and 1% thresholds for non-avian animal species for the application of Criterion 9 ([COP9 DR1 Annex B]).
Immediate priority

10,000

90. Keep the Ramsar Criteria and guidelines as a whole under review to ensure that they reflect global wetland conservation and wise use priorities.
High priority
5,000
Subtotal:
55,000

VI. Issues relating to wetland management (Ramsar Wise Use Handbook 8)
No immediate or high priority tasks proposed for 2006-2008.

VII. Issues relating to wetlands and agriculture

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
111. Prepare guidelines on good agricultural practices and policies for different wetland types, drawing on information provided by the Comprehensive Assessment on water management in agriculture (CA) and other initiatives.
High priority
20,000
Subtotal:
20,000

VIII. Technical aspects of communication, education and public awareness (CEPA)

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
113. Ensure that CEPA issues are fully covered in each of the substantive guidance documents prepared by the STRP through input to the Panel's work from CEPA experts.
High priority
15,000
114. Seek opportunities to prepare materials for outreach purposes, particularly for decision-makers and those in other sectors, on topics which are the subject of substantive guidance prepared by the STRP, including on mainstreaming Ramsar issues within the water sector.
Immediate priority

15,000 for water issues materials

(other costings will depend on identification of other specific opportunities)

Subtotal:
30,000

IX. Development of further sectoral guidance by STRP

Task and product Provisional estimated cost (Swiss francs)
119. Review the relationships and issues concerning the wise use of wetland ecosystems and human health.
Immediate priority
25,000
Subtotal:
25,000

TOTAL PROVISIONAL ESTIMATED COSTS for 2006-2008: CHF 440,000


Annex 2

Schedule of actions for scientific and technical implementation of the Ramsar Convention, 2006-2011

Important note: the actions in the sections below on "Actions by others" cover only those actions of a scientific and technical nature: other actions for Contracting Parties and other bodies and organizations in the Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008 and other decisions adopted by the Conferences of the Contracting Parties concerning policy, procedural and administrative issues are not addressed in this Annex (see [COP9 DR9]).

List of sections in this Annex

I. Issues arising from Resolution VIII.45 and the "ongoing" functions of the STRP
II. Issues relating to the Conceptual Framework for the wise use of wetlands and the maintenance of their ecological character [DR1 Annex A]
III. Issues relating to the Integrated Framework for wetland inventory, assessment and monitoring [DR1 Annex E] and indicators of Convention effectiveness [DR1 Annex D]
IV. Issues relating to the Integrated framework for Ramsar's water-related guidance [DR1 Annex C]
V. Issues relating to the revised Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance [DR1 Annex B]
VI. Issues relating to wetland management (Ramsar Wise Use Handbook 8)
VII. Issues relating to wetlands and agriculture
VIII. Technical aspects of communication, education and public awareness (CEPA)
IX. Development of further sectoral guidance by STRP

I. Issues arising from Resolution VIII.45 and the "ongoing" functions of the STRP

I(a) Actions by the STRP

1. Review and comment on proposals from Parties for COP Resolutions with technical content, and provide this advice to the Standing Committee and COP. (Standing Committee Subgroup on COP9)

2. Give increased emphasis, alongside specific mandated guidance drafting tasks, to performing a true "review" function of addressing issues of strategic scientific and technical direction for the Convention, acting as a response mechanism to give scientific and technical advice to the Convention on emerging issues, with an overall aim of achieving a balance between these proactive guidance and reactive advice functions. (STRP 12) STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

3. Maintain an overview of progress with scientific and technical aspects of the implementation of COP Resolutions, both in relation to indicators of effectiveness (see section III below) and more widely. (STRP 12) STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

4. Continue to provide advice under the following ongoing functions:

i) advising, when requested, on Ramsar site designation and management issues, including on Article 3.2 reports concerning change in ecological character;

ii) advising the Secretariat on requests from Contracting Parties for removing Ramsar sites from the Montreux Record of sites facing damaging change in ecological character;

iii) establishing and maintaining contact with STRP National Focal Points so as to ensure that their advice and expertise are fully contributing to the work of the Panel;

iv) advising on any request from a Contracting Party to participate in the activities of a different Ramsar region to that which it is assigned under the regional categorization of the Convention;

v) at the request of the relevant Administrative Authority, ensuring the involvement of the STRP National Focal Point in monitoring and evaluating an SGF project;

vi) upon request, assisting Contracting Parties and bilateral development agencies in screening, developing and evaluating wetland projects;

vii) receiving progress reports and advising on future needs and developments of the Ramsar Sites Information Service, maintained for the Convention by Wetlands International; and

viii) ensuring cooperation, exchange of information, and coordination of activities, where appropriate, with other MEAs' scientific and technical subsidiary bodies (and their related processes), including through actions in Joint Work Plans.

(Resolution VIII.28[, DR12])

[5. Review the range of existing Ramsar guidance, with a view inter alia to identifying gaps (including by reference to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Conceptual Framework), repackaging older guidance into updated documents, retiring or withdrawing outdated documents (including Recommendation 4.10 and Resolution 5.6), and make recommendations in this regard to COP10.] (STRP12, [DR1 Annex A], COP9 DOC 16) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

I(b) Action by others

6. In general give a higher priority, as far as appropriate, to full implementation of existing Resolutions and Recommendations than to putting forward proposals for new and additional Resolutions. [CPs] (SC Subgroup on Resolution VIII.45)

7. Develop an index of current Resolutions and Recommendations by subject matter and geographic relevance, to assist Parties in concentrating on the implementation of Resolutions and Recommendations that are most relevant to their situations. [Secretariat] (SC Subgroup on Resolution VIII.45)

8. Promote outreach mechanisms to disseminate Resolutions and Recommendations to stakeholders beyond the Convention's national Administrative Authorities. [Parties, the Secretariat, and others] (SC Subgroup on Resolution VIII.45)

9. When drawing up proposals for new or additional Resolutions, endeavour to make them as concise and user-friendly as possible, with a view to their ease of use by site managers and other stakeholders, including through the use of summaries and case studies. [CPs, STRP] (SC Subgroup on Resolution VIII.45)

10. Provide to each COP at its outset, and to a meeting of the Standing Committee in advance of the COP, as complete an outline as possible of the potential scientific and technical tasks which appear from proposals and draft Resolutions tabled by that stage to be likely to be allocated to the STRP, the Secretariat and the Parties in the succeeding triennium, so that the COP will be able to make decisions informed by the overall scale of such tasks and the financial and other implications of undertaking them. [Secretariat; STRP]

11. Provide case studies of implementation of Resolutions and Recommendations where there is relevant experience to share, including wherever possible the identification of lessons learned, identifying the specific locations of site-based experiences. [CPs, IGOs, IOPs, other NGOs]

12. Support the budget for the work of the STRP with voluntary contributions, upon which the work of the Panel relies. [Parties, donors and others]

II. Issues relating to the Conceptual Framework for the wise use of wetlands and the maintenance of their ecological character [DR1 Annex A]

II(a) Action by the STRP

[13. Elaborate ways in which to utilize to best effect the findings of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, especially those concerning response options, including in relation to the Conceptual Framework for the wise use of wetlands and the maintenance of their ecological character]. (STRP 12[, DR1 Annex A])

14. Review the case studies in The Wise Use of Wetlands (Ramsar, 1993) and other relevant case studies (including those requested in actions 66, 69 and 72), review subsequent implementation progress with these cases, and provide updated studies, including advice on the application of the ecosystem approach. (Strategic Plan action 3.1.2; STRP 2002-2005 work plan; STRP12 report) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

15. Having regard to such progress as may be achieved with the Convention's indicators of implementation effectiveness, to the review of gaps in guidance described in action 5 above, and to the implementation of Resolution VIII.45, develop such new tools as may be necessary to assist Parties with the implementation of the wise use concept. (Strategic Plan action 17.1.5; STRP 2002-2005 work plan)

16. Assess the contribution of Ramsar sites and other wetlands to the maintenance of fisheries and recommend sustainable management practices which can contribute to the WSSD target of maintaining or restoring depleted fish stocks to levels that can produce the maximum sustainable yield. (Strategic Plan action 1.2.6)

17. Examine and advise on implementation of the Principles for a Code of Conduct for the Management and Sustainable use of Mangrove Ecosystems prepared by the World Bank, the International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, and the Centre for Tropical Ecosystems Research (cenTER Aarhus), including recommendations for appropriate cooperative action with the World Bank for monitoring the application of the Code. (Africa COP9 preparatory meeting)

II(b) Action by others

[18. Review the use of terms covered by the guidance in [DR1 Annex A] in policy documents and other contexts, and adapt such usages where necessary in order to remain consistent with those now advised in the guidance.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex A]

[19. In undertaking interventions which make use of Ramsar guidance Handbooks, address choices about the focus for such interventions by reference where appropriate to the Conceptual Framework deriving from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and as adapted in the guidance in [DR1 Annex A].] [CPs] [DR1 Annex A]

[20. In relation to attention to fisheries as one example area of the application of the wise use concept, use the habitat and species conservation provisions of the Convention to support the introduction and/or continuance of spatial management approaches for fisheries.] [CPs] [DR4]

[21. Review, and where necessary enhance, national and regional programmes for the systematic collection of data on fisheries, including artisanal fisheries, and data on aquaculture, of relevance to Ramsar sites and associated areas.] [CPs] [DR4]

[22. Fishery regulation authorities and agencies to put in place measures to minimize or prevent by-catch through the use of appropriate fishery techniques.] [CPs] [DR4]

[23. Institute and implement codes similar to the ICES Code of Practice on the Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms and the GEF/UNDP/IMO International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water & Sediments to ensure that Ramsar sites are not placed at risk through unplanned introductions of aquatic species.] [CPs] [DR4]

[24. Institute or reinforce as appropriate national and regional programmes for the systematic collection of fisheries data at Ramsar sites and associated areas, as a minimum to include data on species, weight and size of catch, numbers of people fishing and fishing effort, and social and economic aspects of the fishery.] [CPs] [DR4]

25. Promote and disseminate research into the population dynamics and sustainable harvesting of wetland-dependent species, especially migratory waterbirds, and ensure that national hunting legislation is consistent with the wise use principle for migratory waterbird and other wetland-dependent species, taking into account geographical range, life-history characteristics of species, and research on sustainable harvesting. [CPs; others] (Strategic Plan actions 12.2.4, 12.2.5)

26. Promote and secure the wise use of peatland ecosystems and their services, as a demonstration of the application of the Convention's wise use concept, including through the work of the Coordinating Committee for Global Action on Peatlands (GGAP) as a multi-sectoral mechanism and the delivery of the Implementation Plan and priorities it has developed under Resolution VIII.17 for Global Action on Peatlands (to be made available as a Ramsar Technical Report), emphasizing the dissemination of information, monitoring implementation of GGAP by Parties and others, identification of gaps, and assistance in fundraising for further GGAP implementation. [GGAP Coordinating Committee; CPs; Secretariat] (STRP12)

27. Develop and implement a survival plan for tropical peat swamp forests. [CPs, GGAP Coordinating Committee, donors] (STRP12)

28. Contribute to initiatives concerning the development and transfer of environmentally sound technologies for the sustainable management of mangrove ecosystems (see also action 17). [CPs; others] (Resolution VIII.32)

29. Continue to review existing or evolving policy, legal and institutional frameworks to identify and promote those measures which encourage conservation and wise use of wetlands, identify and remove measures which discourage conservation and wise use, and investigate linkages between incentives and related topics including financial mechanisms, trade, impact assessment and valuation. [CPs] (Strategic Plan action 8.1.1 & Resolutions VIII.23, VIII.34 and VIII.40).

30. In consultation with and with the support of indigenous people, document and encourage the application of appropriate traditional knowledge and management practices of indigenous people and local communities in the conservation and wise use of wetlands. [CPs] (Strategic Plan action 6.1.2; Resolution VIII.39).

31. When reviewing land tenure policies, consider, where appropriate, wetland tenure systems and user rights in a manner that promotes fair, transparent and sustainable management of wetlands and their resources. [CPs] (Resolution VIII.34).

32. Working with others as appropriate, undertake, where possible, studies of the role of wetlands in carbon storage and sequestration and in mitigating the impacts of sea level rise. [CPs] (Resolution VIII.3)

33. Review, in cooperation with the private sector, domestic and international trade in wetland-derived plant and animal products, both exports and imports, and as appropriate implement the necessary legal, institutional and administrative measures to ensure that harvesting is sustainable and in accordance with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). [CPs] (Strategic Plan action 7.1.5).

[34. Work with UNEP, UNDP, the UN Department of Social and Economic Affairs, the Ramsar International Organization Partners, national and international NGOs and others to undertake assessments of the economic, social, cultural and livelihood values of individual wetlands and wetlands in general and the services they deliver, with a view to enhancing sustainable livelihoods utilizing a wise use approach.] [CPs] [DR15]

[35. Take measures to improve, on an ecologically sustainable basis, the productivity of natural resources.] [CPs] [DR15]

III. Issues relating to the Integrated Framework for wetland inventory, assessment and monitoring [DR1 Annex E] and indicators of Convention effectiveness [DR1 Annex D]

III(a) Action by the STRP

36. Develop, test and publish a hydro-geomorphically-based system of classification of wetland type, including an evaluation of how this might relate to other possible systems and to the current Ramsar classification system, having regard inter alia to groundwater issues and to relevant outputs of the European Space Agency GlobWetland remote sensing project, and prepare a report with advice for Parties at COP10. (STRP12)

37. Make available a Web-based wetland inventory meta-database, populated with information on all national wetland inventories and updatable by Contracting Parties. (Strategic Plan action 1.1.4)

38. As and when the update of the Global Review of Wetland Resources and Priorities for Wetland Inventory (GroWI-2) can be progressed, ensure that appropriate input to it is made, drawing upon inventory meta-data information. (STRP 2002-2005 work plan)

39. i. Conduct a review of data and information needs for Ramsar sites and of the implications for official reporting, the further development of the Ramsar Sites Information Service and the scope for harmonizing such reporting with the needs of other multilateral environmental agreements.

ii. In light of the conclusions of this review, conduct a fundamental review of the structure of the Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS), having regard to Resolution VIII.6 on a Framework for wetland inventory, [COP9 DR1 Annex A] on a Conceptual Framework for the wise use of wetlands and the maintenance of their ecological character, including its revised definition of the term "ecological character", and other relevant COP9 decisions.

Priority issues to address include:
  • preparation of guidance for the description of the ecological character of wetlands;
  • development of protocols for the electronic submission of Ramsar Information Sheets;
  • harmonization of the layout and information fields of the RIS with the core data fields of the Framework for wetland inventory and the description of ecological character;
  • approaches to handling transnational sites, and
  • investigation of the possible inclusion of a core data field in the RIS to allow for the insertion of a precise site boundary description.
iii. In conjunction with these reviews, develop a scheme of data needs for wetlands more generally addressing separately both the global level and the site level. STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

40. Prepare advice on delineating and mapping wetlands, in conjunction with the description of their ecological character, including issues concerning digital mapping identified in Resolution VIII.13. (STRP 2002-2005 work plan) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

41. Prepare further consolidated guidance on the overall process of detecting, reporting and responding to change in ecological character, including guidelines for determining when such a change is too trivial to require reporting, having regard to the reasons why a given site is important and the conservation objectives set for it. (Resolution VIII.8, STRP 2002-2005 work plan) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

42. Review and evaluate the Man and the Biosphere Programme's procedure for Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring (BRIM), once developed, and advise on its application to the monitoring of the ecological character of Ramsar sites and other wetlands. (Resolution VIII.7)

43. Prepare advice on redesigning the Montreux Record questionnaire, inter alia to ensure consistency with the Article 3.2 reporting format. (STRP 2002-2005 work plan)

44. Prepare an analysis of the status and trends in the ecological character of sites in the Ramsar List, set as far as possible in the context of the status and trends of wetlands more generally and drawing as appropriate on the Ramsar Sites Database, the Convention's indicators of implementation effectiveness, and the results of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and other assessment initiatives. (Resolution VIII.8, STRP 2002-2005 work plan)

45. Linked to 44 above, prepare synthesis reports on aspects of the status and trends of wetlands and their biological diversity, as an input to assessments of progress in relation to the World Summit on Sustainable Development/Convention on Biological Diversity 2010 target for significant biodiversity loss-rate reduction, and in particular to the CBD's indicators on "trends in selected biomes" and "water quality", aiming to publish one such report in 2008 (having regard also to contributions to the Global Biodiversity Outlook, and the UNEP Global Environment Outlook - GEO-4), and one in 2011. [STRP, Secretariat, IOPs] (STRP12)

[46. Establish and implement mechanisms for the collection, collation, analysis, assessment, reporting, publishing and disseminating the results and conclusions of the indicators of effectiveness of the implementation of the Convention.] [Secretariat; CPs; IOPs; STRP] (STRP12; [DR1 Annex D] STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

[47. Develop, test and put forward for use by Parties further indicators of effectiveness of the implementation of the Convention, including indicators addressing wise use policy issues and services provided by wetlands to humans.] [DR1 Annex D] Proposed STRP 2006-2008 priority

[48. In addition to the mechanisms described in preceding paragraphs, assist in monitoring the performance of the Convention by utilizing the Key Result Areas and associated indicators in the "Framework for the implementation of the Convention's Strategic Plan 2003-2008 in the 2006-2008 period" annexed to[DR9].] [STRP; CPs; Secretariat] [DR9]

III(b) Action by others

49. Make use of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment experience and methods for subglobal ecosystem assessments in the assessment of wetland ecosystems at the local, national and supranational scale, including through international cooperation on the assessment of transboundary aquatic ecosystems. [CPs, others] (Resolution VIII.7)

[50. When designing and undertaking monitoring of wetlands or wetland biodiversity according to the Ramsar Framework, consider also the possibility in appropriate circumstances of using relevant rapid assessment tools/methodologies according to the guidance in [DR1 Annex Ei] for longer term hypothesis-driven monitoring by repeated surveys using such methods.] [CPs, others] [DR1 Annex Ei]

51. When undertaking national inventories of wetlands, identify those wetlands where restoration or rehabilitation would be appropriate because of their present and/or former ecosystem services, on the basis of the guidelines adopted by Resolution VII.16 and VIII.6. [CPs, others] (Resolutions VIII.16, VIII.6).

52. Finalise development of a simple form for Parties to use in recording change or potential change in ecological character of Ramsar sites under Article 3.2. [Secretariat; Wetlands International] (STRP12-33)

53. Establish contact with the relevant national contact points from within the networks of the International Association for Impact Assessment with a view to identifying sources of expertise and advice for assisting with wetland-related impact assessment. [CPs; IAIA] (Res VIII.9)

[54. Monitor and assess the impacts of natural disasters on the ecological character of Ramsar sites and other wetlands and on the livelihoods of local communities and indigenous people dependent upon these wetlands within their territory and, for designated Ramsar sites, report this to the Secretariat so that this information can be made available to the STRP to assist in its reporting to the COP on the status and trends in the ecological character of wetlands.] [Affected CPs] [DR10]

55. Continue monitoring and assessing the status and trends of specific wetland issues as determined in previous COP Resolutions, for example, the extent and conservation status of coastal wetlands (Resolution VIII.4), extent, conservation status and levels of use of mangroves (Res VIII.32), impacts of dams (Res VIII.2), threats to temporary pools (Res VIII.33), risks from alien invasive species (Res VIII.18), and impacts of drought and other natural disasters (Res VIII.35), where applicable in conjunction with activities related to Ramsar's indicators of implementation effectiveness. [CPs; IOPs; others] (COP Res VIII.4, VIII.32, VIII.2, VIII.33, VIII.18, VIII.35).

56. Those responsible for protecting and managing Ramsar sites: establish for each site an effective monitoring programme, ideally as part of the site management plan, which is designed to detect and provide early warning of changes in ecological character, using the Convention's Framework for designing an effective monitoring programme and its Wetland Risk Assessment Framework, and additionally, linked to this, use Ramsar sites as baseline and reference areas for national, supranational/regional, and international environmental monitoring to detect trends in the loss of biological diversity, climate change, and the processes of desertification. [CPs] (Strategic Plan actions 11.2.1 and 11.2.2).

57. Apply waterbird monitoring data, and analyses drawn from them, when appropriate, as a means of providing objective information for site management planning and the evaluation of national or regional wetland policies. [CPs] (Resolution VIII.38)

58. Update and submit revised Ramsar Information Sheets as frequently as necessary to record changes in the status of sites, at least at intervals of not more than six years, so that they can be used for reviewing progress in achieving the Vision and Objectives of the Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Handbook 7) at each meeting of the COP. [CPs] (Strategic Plan action 10.2.4).

59. Establish a repository for the contribution by Parties of summarized national (or, where appropriate, provincial) assessments of changes in the status of wetland resources, as the basis for regular analysis and improved reporting on the status of wetland resources, as a mechanism linked to the inventory meta-database (see action 37). [Secretariat] (Strategic Plan action 1.2.2)

[60. Devise and implement a system of simpler but still effective national reporting for the Convention, and work with UNEP and other conventions and agreements to advance harmonization of national reporting.] [Secretariat; Standing Committee; MEAs] (Strategic Plan action 13.1.12[, DR5])

[61. Improve liaison at national level between focal points of the Ramsar Convention and those of related conventions and agreements, and take steps towards harmonizing their reporting on implementation of the biodiversity-related conventions.] [CPs] [DR5]

[62. The Global Environment Facility and the GEF Implementing Agencies: take fully into account the coordination and information management required to support both implementation and reporting for the various MEAs when financing and implementing programmes.] [GEF] [DR5]]

[63. In addition to the mechanisms described in preceding paragraphs, monitor the performance of the Convention by utilizing the Key Result Areas and associated indicators in the "Framework for the implementation of the Convention's Strategic Plan 2003-2008 in the 2006-2008 period" annexed to [DR9].] [CPs, SC, Secretariat, IOPs] [DR9]

IV. Issues relating to the Integrated framework for Ramsar's water-related guidance [DR1 Annex C]

IV(a) Action by the STRP

General

64. Prepare guidance on issues of a largely CEPA nature concerning mainstreaming Ramsar issues within the water sector. (STRP12)

Concerning River Basin Management/Coastal Zone Management

65. Develop in more detail an adaptation to the Ramsar context of the "Critical Path" approach for river basin management and (as appropriate) coastal zone management, and prepare operational guidance, including for the application of CEPA tools. (STRP 12) STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

66. Compile, collate and analyze case studies of river basin management using the Critical Path approach, including good practice examples of water allocation and management and case studies of environmental flows, including examples involving dams. (STRP 12)

[67. Prepare for COP10 (i) a consolidation of Ramsar guidance on river basin management, to bring together Wise Use Handbook 4 and the COP9 guidance in [DR1 Annex Ci], and (ii) additional guidance on those aspects of river basin management identified in [DR1 Annex Ci] as gaps and priorities.] (STRP12)

68. Prepare an annotated bibliography identifying inter alia available guidance for considering impacts of dams on wetland and river systems. (STRP12; relates also to Strategic Plan action 3.4.4)

69. Develop guidance on good practice in the integration of wetlands into Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), based on case studies to be sought from Parties, including in relation to coastal/upstream interactions, and lessons learned in responding to the impacts of the Indian Ocean tsunami. (Resolution VIII.4; Asia COP9 regional meeting) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

70. Develop guidelines on water resources management in dry and sub-humid lands, including in relation to climate change and desertification. (STRP 2002-2005 work plan; 3rd CBD-Ramsar Joint Work Plan)

[71. Conduct an international review of water and environmental law to identify practical approaches for policy, law and regulation to support determination and implementation of environmental flows and other water-related aspects of wetland management; review Ramsar guidance related to law and policy and identify scope for strengthening in relation to these water-related issues, based on the international review.] [DR1 Annex C]

Concerning environmental water requirements

72. Prepare a report for COP10 on successes achieved and lessons learnt from demonstrating good practice in water allocation and management for maintaining ecological functions of wetlands. (Resolution VIII.1, STRP 2002-2005 work plan)

73. Prepare guidelines for Parties on the implementation of environmental water requirements for wetlands, drawing upon the material and case studies contained in the Ramsar Technical Reports on this topic prepared by the STRP during the 2003-2005 triennium. (STRP WG3). STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

Concerning groundwater issues

74. Prepare technical review reports on: i. groundwater-wetland interactions; and ii. the use and management of groundwater to maintain ecosystem functions. Once these reports are complete, review the present Integrated Framework for Ramsar's water-related guidance ([COP9 DR1 Annex C]) and prepare detailed technical guidance on developing groundwater management strategies which aim at maintenance of wetland ecosystems and at minimizing or mitigating the impacts of groundwater abstraction, and make other updating amendments as necessary. (STRP12; STRP 2002-2005 work plan, [DR1 Annex C iii]) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

Concerning water quality

75. Undertake a strategic review of water quality and wetland issues; develop a medium-term plan and terms of reference for addressing water quality issues in Ramsar guidance; and subsequently prepare guidance for Parties on including water quality in environmental water requirement determination and implementation. (STRP12) STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

IV(b) Action by others

General

[76. Relevant ministries, agencies and departments within Parties: engage in cooperative planning and management processes in ways that ensure that those responsible for wetland management and those responsible for water resources management operate to a coordinated agenda, especially in relation to decision-making on water allocations.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex C]

[77. Ensure that institutional and governance structures relating to water resources enable the voice of civil society to be integrated into planning and decision-making on water issues.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex C]

[78. Update the Integrated Framework for Ramsar's water-related guidance and relevant Ramsar Wise Use Handbooks as and when relevant additional Resolutions and guidance are adopted.] [Secretariat] [DR1 Annex C]

Concerning River Basin Management/Coastal Zone Management

[79. Those responsible for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM): ensure that such management is closely connected to approaches and initiatives for planning and management in the terrestrial, marine and atmospheric realms, and to Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) at the freshwater-marine interface.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex C]

[80. Water resources management authorities: ensure, given that many of the values people derive from water depend on that water being a component of healthily functioning ecosystems, that better operational linkages are made between the management of water supply and management of the water resources which are the origin of that supply.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex C]

Concerning environmental water requirements

[81. Those responsible for drawing up and implementing plans for abstraction of water from river basins or discharge of water or waste into river basins: take into account the water requirements of all types of wetlands (including peatlands and other inland and coastal wetlands), including both requirements to be met from surface runoff and those to be met from groundwater.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex C]

Concerning groundwater issues

[82. Wetland managers and groundwater managers: undertake screening studies at a river basin or regional aquifer scale to assess the potential for interaction between wetlands and groundwater; undertake more detailed studies of water balance, etc., as appropriate; develop a conceptual model of groundwater-wetland interactions for each wetland that may be impacted by current or future groundwater exploitation; and undertake a wider situation assessment of combined impacts, status and trends.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex C iii]

V. Issues relating to the revised Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance [DR1 Annex B]

V(a) Action by the STRP

(See also tasks on Ramsar site data needs and the Ramsar Information Sheet, covered in section III above)

83. Develop an interpretation of the term 'under-represented' wetland type and investigate methods for defining targets for representation of wetland types in the Ramsar List, including in relation to relevant indicators of Convention effectiveness. (Resolution VIII.11, STRP 2002-2005 work plan[, DR1 Annex D]) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

84. Conduct a study of different available biogeographical regionalization schemes in the context of the application of Criteria 1 and 3, and make recommendations on a small number of preferred options for use in the selection of Ramsar sites, for consideration and possible adoption by COP10. (Resolution VIII.7; STRP12)

85. Prepare a revised RIS and additional guidance as appropriate from the actions in paragraph 39 above for inclusion in the accompanying RIS Explanatory Notes and Guidelines. (Resolutions VIII7, VIII.13, and VIII.21, STRP 2003-2005 work plan)

86. Review the suite of existing guidance for selection of Ramsar sites of specific wetland types and examine its usefulness to Parties in the light of their experience of its application; assess the need for additional guidance on these or other wetland types, in the context inter alia of a response to the request of the Convention on Biological Diversity (Decision VII/4) to elaborate additional site selection guidelines and related issues. (STRP12) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

87. Review the ecological roles played by reservoirs and other human-made wetlands, including their use by aquatic and other water-dependent biota, and prepare guidance for Contracting Parties concerning the identification and designation of such wetlands for the Ramsar List, taking into account the experience gained by Parties that have already done so. (Resolution VIII.2; STRP 2003-2005 work plan).

[88. Work with appropriate Specialist Groups of IUCN-the World Conservation Union to further elaborate and update the list of appropriate population estimates and 1% thresholds for the application of Criterion 9, for availability by COP10 and subsequent COPs.] (STRP12[; DR1 Annex B]) STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

89. Review the application and utility of the Ramsar site Criteria relating to fish and their associated guidance, and make any revisions needed. (STRP12)

90. In addition to specific actions listed above concerning reviews of aspects of the Ramsar Criteria, keep the Criteria and guidelines as a whole under review to ensure that they reflect global wetland conservation and wise use priorities, including their relationship to other relevant schemes such as Annex I of the Convention on Biological Diversity. (Strategic Plan 17.1.5, STRP 2002-2005 work plan) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

V(b) Action by others

[91. Make such editorial amendments to the Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List regarding terminology and time-limited references and contexts, etc., as are consequent on the amendments adopted at COP9.] [Secretariat] [DR1 Annex B]

92. Assist Wetlands International and BirdLife International through the continued collection and supply of population data on waterbirds, inter alia, to assist with Ramsar site designation. [CPs, Wetlands International, BirdLife International] (Resolution VIII.38)

93. Continue to prepare updated editions of Waterbird Population Estimates to be available at each COP, having first undertaken international scientific consultation on its contents and in line with Resolution VI.4 that 1% thresholds should not be revised more frequently than every third COP (unless populations are previously poorly known or are known to be changing rapidly), so that the population estimates and 1% thresholds it contains may be used as the basis for the application of Criterion 6 in the succeeding triennia. [Wetlands International]. (Resolution VIII.38)

94. Make available to Parties and others information from the Important Bird Areas (IBAs) programme, including regional analyses of IBAs and potential Ramsar sites, and consider the preparation of such analyses for regions not covered so far. [BirdLife International] (Resolution VIII.38)

95. Accelerate efforts to designate further Ramsar sites that are internationally important for conserving fish biodiversity and/or supporting sustainable fisheries, and consider the designation of such sites in such a way as to encompass the entire life cycle of fish species, especially threatened, long distance migrant species moving between freshwater and marine environments. [CPs] (STRP12)

[96. When assessing potential for Ramsar site designation, in addition to considering potentially qualifying fish interests as above, carefully and systematically review other "less visible" potentially qualifying aquatic flora and fauna.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex B]

[97. Identify and assess sites potentially qualifying under new Criterion 9 adopted at COP9 and add suitable sites to the List as a contribution to the long-term target for such sites agreed at COP9.] [CPs] [DR1 Annex B]

[98. Identify and assess wetlands in border zones with a view to designating them as transnational wetlands where feasible, where appropriate and where doing so will contribute to the development of the comprehensive List of Wetlands of International Importance.] [CPs] [DR6]

VI. Issues relating to wetland management (Ramsar Wise Use Handbook 8)

VI(a) Action by the STRP

[99. Provide guidance on efforts needed for restoring and rehabilitating ecosystems and water resources affected by the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, and develop for Parties a set of restoration guidelines to be implemented following natural disasters in general.] [DR10]

100. Compile and disseminate information on new research and methodologies for the restoration and rehabilitation of lost or degraded wetlands, and further develop tools and guidance on wetland restoration. (Strategic Plan action 4.1.3; Resolution VIII.16)

101. Prepare guidance on compensation for wetland losses, in response to Resolution VII.24. (Resolution VIII.16)

VI(b) Action by others

[102. Monitor and assess the outcomes and the effectiveness of management measures undertaken in relation to Ramsar sites, and synthesise the results into relevant reports.] [CPs, STRP National Focal Points] [DR1 Annex E]

103. Monitor and review experiences of implementing the Ramsar Field Guide on wetland management planning, and feed results through STRP National Focal Points to the STRP, inter alia in the context of the implementation of para 3 of the present Annex in respect of Resolution VIII.14. [CPs, STRP National Focal Points] (STRP 12)

104. Implement wetland management in ways which increase the resilience of the sites to climate change and extreme climatic events and which reduce the risk of flooding and drought in vulnerable countries. [CPs] (Resolution VIII.3)

105. Compile and disseminate information on new research and methodologies for the restoration and rehabilitation of lost or degraded wetlands. [CPs, IOPs, others] (Strategic Plan action 4.1.3)

106. Establish wetland restoration/rehabilitation programmes, where feasible, at destroyed or degraded wetlands, especially those associated with major river systems or areas of high nature conservation value. [CPs, wetland managers] (Resolution VII.17)

[107. Working with relevant international organizations and agencies, including inter alia ISDR, WMO and UNEP, as well as, where appropriate, the IOPs, develop guidance on a set of responses which can be initiated by governments and others immediately following the onset of a natural disaster affecting or likely to affect wetlands, especially Ramsar sites.] [Secretariat, international organizations, IOPs] [DR10]

108. Ensure that national policy responses to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, including revegetation and management, afforestation and reforestation, do not lead to damage to the ecological character of wetlands. [CPs] (Strategic Plan action 3.4.9)

VII. Issues relating to wetlands and agriculture

VII(a) Action by the STRP

[109. Provide input as appropriate to the "Comprehensive Assessment on water management in agriculture" (CA) and "Water for food and ecosystems" initiatives, in the context of Resolution VIII.34 [and DR4].] (STRP12)

[110. Once the "Comprehensive Assessment" (including its preparation of a report on agriculture, water and wetlands for the Convention) and "Water for food and ecosystems" initiatives have concluded, review which elements of Resolution VIII.34 and [COP9 DR4] may, in the light of the conclusions of those initiatives, remain outstanding needs, and address them as appropriate.] (STRP 2003-2005 work plan; STRP12)

111. Prepare guidelines on good agricultural practices and policies for different wetland types, drawing on information provided by the CA and other initiatives. (STRP 2003-2005 work plan). STRP 2006-2008 high priority

VII(b) Action by others

[112. Review and document the significance for fisheries of rice cultivation within Ramsar sites and promote more efficient combination "rice-fish" management practices.] [CPs] [DR4]

VIII. Technical aspects of communication, education and public awareness (CEPA)

VIII(a) Action by the STRP

113. Ensure that CEPA issues are fully covered in each of the substantive guidance documents prepared by the STRP through input to the Panel's work from CEPA experts (STRP modus operandi) STRP 2006-2008 high priority

114. Seek opportunities to prepare materials for outreach purposes, particularly for decision-makers and those in other sectors, on topics which are the subject of substantive guidance prepared by the STRP. (STRP12) STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

VIII(b) Action by others

115. Review national needs and capacities in the areas of wetland CEPA and use this review to define capacity-building priorities within national wetland CEPA action plans. [CPs] (Resolution VIII.31)

116. Review formal educational curricula to ensure that they are incorporating information on the ecosystem services provided by wetlands, promoting the wise use principle, and recognizing the importance of CEPA in pursuing the objective of wise use. [CPs] (Resolution VIII.31)

IX. Development of further sectoral guidance by STRP

IX(a) Issues/sectors identified by STRP as a potential focus for attention

117. Review and as necessary develop an overall strategy and framework for sector-based guidance under the Convention. (STRP12)

118. Develop further guidance on fisheries, including fin fisheries, shell fisheries and aquaculture[, in relation to issues raised in DR4]. (STRP12)

119. Review and map out the relationships and issues concerning the wise use of wetland ecosystems and human health, including from information in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and its synthesis reports, and explore possible links between the Ramsar Convention and the World Health Organization. (STRP12) STRP 2006-2008 immediate priority

120. Consider development of guidance, including through working with the IUCN Environmental Law Centre and others, on legal and rights issues, including water rights, land tenure, and conflict resolution/recovery in relation to wetlands. (STRP12)

121. Consider opportunities for development of sectoral guidance on the tourism/eco-tourism sector. (STRP12)

122. Identify relevant initiatives underway concerning forest ecosystems and forestry and explore adequate representation in these of wetland issues. (STRP12)

123. Develop guidance on wetland mitigation issues. (Resolution VII.24; STRP12)

IX(b) Issues/sectors for which the need for future work should be further assessed

124. Consider what priority, if any, might need to be given to work or further work in relation to the following additional sectors/topic areas:

  • flood alleviation;
  • mining and other extractive industries;
  • energy generation and distribution;
  • other industrial sectors;
  • transport infrastructure;
  • urban development and housing;
  • spatial planning/regional policy;
  • finance, banking and insurance;
  • trade;
  • wildlife conservation and management;
  • subsistence hunting;
  • recreational hunting;
  • other recreation;
  • education, including formal education;
  • defence and military

For reasons of economy, this document is printed in a limited number, and will not be distributed at the meeting. Delegates are requested to bring their copies to the meeting and not to request additional copies.

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