The 9th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties

23/09/2005


"Wetlands and water: supporting life, sustaining livelihoods"
9th Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties
to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971)
Kampala, Uganda, 8-15 November 2005
Agenda item X

Ramsar COP9 DOC. 6

Report of the Secretary General pursuant to Article 8.2 (b), (c), and (d) concerning the List of Wetlands of International Importance

Explanatory note by the Secretariat

1. This paper provides information required to be presented to COP9 under Article 8.2 of the Convention and background information to issues in COP9 DR16 "The status of sites in the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance".

1. Article 8.2 of the Convention states that: "The continuing bureau [the Ramsar Secretariat] duties shall be, inter alia : …

b) to maintain the List of Wetlands of International Importance and to be informed by the Contracting Parties of any additions, extensions, deletions or restrictions concerning wetlands included in the List provided in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 2 [note 1];

c) to be informed by the Contracting Parties of any changes in the ecological character of wetlands included in the List provided in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 3 [note 2];

d) to forward notification of any alterations to the List, or changes in character of wetlands included therein, to all Contracting Parties and to arrange for these matters to be discussed at the next Conference;

e) to make known to the Contracting Party concerned, the recommendations of the Conferences in respect of such alterations to the List or of changes in the character of wetlands included therein."

2. The present report of the Secretary General conveys to the 9th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties the information requested under Article 8 concerning the List of Wetlands of International Importance since the close of Ramsar COP8 on 26 November 2002.

Additions, extensions or deletions to the List (Article 2.5)

3. The Ramsar Secretariat maintains up to date the Ramsar List, always available in the Ramsar Web site (http://www.ramsar.org/index_list.htm) and in hard copy in two versions: a) the basic List organized in alphabetical order of Contracting Parties (English language) with the name of the sites also in alphabetical order, date of designation, state/province where the site is located, area of the site, and geographical coordinates of the center-point of the site; and b) the Annotated List, which in addition contains a brief description of each site.

4. In the case of the designation of new Ramsar sites or extension of the area of existing sites, once the Secretariat is satisfied that the Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS) and map for each new site or extension has been supplied by the Contracting Party in accordance with COP Resolutions on the required data for Ramsar sites (notably Resolution VIII.13), the Secretary General authorizes the addition or change in the List, the announcement is made to the public on the Ramsar Web site and the Ramsar Wetlands Forum e-mail list, as well as to each Contracting Party via the Ramsar Exchange in English, French, and Spanish, and an official letter and certificate confirming the addition to the List or extension of area is sent to the Party concerned.

5. Pursuant to Article 8.2 d), Annex 1 provides a list of the sites added to the List in the period under review, and Annex 2 lists those sites for which there has been a change in area since the closure of COP8.

6. To date since COP8, a total of 242 Ramsar sites covering 18.3 million hectares have been added to the List. The global total is now 1,505 Ramsar sites covering a total of 126.5 million hectares. At the time of writing, the Secretariat is processing a number of further new designations received from Parties, which it is anticipated will be added to the List prior to the start of COP9.

7. Of the sites listed in Annex 2, the boundaries of seven sites have been extended, and for 10 sites the increase in area is a result of a correction or more precise boundary definition and/or calculation of the area of the site (Resolution VIII.21), for example, through the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for mapping. In the reporting period, no site has had its area reduced as a result of more precise boundary definition or calculation of area.

8. Concerning deletions, no site has been deleted from the List during the period under consideration.

Restrictions to the List

9. Two situations can arise concerning restrictions to the boundaries of sites on the Ramsar List: a) when a Party decides to invoke Article 2.5 of the Convention, which permits a Party to reduce the boundaries of a site for reasons of urgent national interests, and b) when a restriction is proposed for other reasons than "urgent national interest".

10. Concerning the latter, the further guidance called for in Resolution VIII.22 concerning sites or parts of sites which cease to fulfil or never fulfilled the Criteria for designation will be considered by COP9 (COP9 DR7).

11. Two Parties (Finland and the Kyrgyz Republic) have submitted updated RISs in which significant reductions in the area of listed sites are being made for reasons other than "urgent national interest". For Finland (see also Annex 2) the restrictions are related to the removal of non-wetland areas within the formerly designated site and to harmonising the Ramsar site boundaries with those of the subsequently designated European Union "Natura 2000" sites. A significant reduction in area of Isyk-Kul State Reserve from the Soviet-era "Issyk-kul Lake" Ramsar site (Kyrgyz Republic) was made in the RIS submitted when this Party acceded to the Convention in 2002 as a successor state to the former USSR. In its COP9 National Report, the Kyrgyz Republic informed the Secretariat that this restriction is intended to include only the core zone of the Isyk-Kul Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme), whereas the site as originally designated by the former USSR covered the whole Biosphere Reserve area.

12. Concerning restrictions involving Article 2.5, in 1998 the Government of Germany invoked Article 2.5 of the Convention in a case involving the excision of 170 hectares (from a total of 675 hectares) of the Mühlenberger Loch Ramsar site, an extensive area of tidal mudflats on the Elbe River near Hamburg, to make room for expansion of the industrial complex of DASA (Airbus Industries).

13. The Secretary General reported to COP8 on progress on this matter in COP8 DOC. 6. Subsequent developments have been as follows:

13.1 On 23 January 2001, the Government of Germany formally invoked Article 2.5 of the Convention and informed the Secretariat about the reduction of the Ramsar site by an estimated 169 hectares, including a summary plan for compensatory measures. On 24-26 September 2001 a Ramsar Advisory Mission visited the areas foreseen for compensation and discussed the issues in detail with the regional and national authorities, and this was summarized in a report available on the Ramsar Web site (http://www.ramsar.org/index_ram.htm). At that time, it became clear that the proposed compensatory measures would not be completed for many years after the reduction of the Ramsar site which took place in 2001.

13.2 To date, the Government of Germany has not submitted an updated RIS and an updated map showing the reduced boundaries of the Ramsar site. This should be accompanied by a consolidated report on the compensation measures taken under Article 4.2, and their effectiveness with regard to the wetland resources affected by the reduction, in line with Resolution VIII.20.

14. In 2000, construction works began for the Kulevi oil terminal at the Black Sea coast inside the "Central Wetlands of Kolkheti" Ramsar site in Georgia. Since then the Secretariat has been in regular contact with the Government of Georgia on this issue:

14.1 On 29 May 2001, the Government asked the Secretariat for support to prepare a compensation package, reiterating on 5 March 2005 (after a temporary delay of the construction works) that the Environment Ministry "is interested in conducting a qualified, competent investigation and in obtaining real and feasible compensation measures. We suggest that it would be reasonable to involve a representative of the Ramsar Convention Secretariat, as well as other qualified specialists, which you could recommend, in the process of selecting of the compensation territory and developing of compensation measures."

14.2 On 27 July 2005 the Government submitted a report on the "urgent national interests" for the Kulevi oil terminal construction invoking Article 2.5, following the guidance provided through Resolution VIII.20.

14.3 Subsequently, a Ramsar Advisory Mission took place on 14-19 August 2005 and which provided extensive advice on the compensation measures to be developed and put into place, the report of which will be placed on the Convention's Web site.

14.4 The Secretariat expects the Government of Georgia to submit in due course an updated RIS and map of the revised Ramsar site boundaries, accompanied by a consolidated report on the package of compensation measures undertaken and their effect, in line with Resolution VIII.20.

15. In 2002, it became clear that the Government of Ukraine wished to reopen a deep water navigable waterway through the Danube delta inside the Ukrainian core zone of the Transboundary Biosphere Reserve and Ramsar Site "Kyliiske Mouth" (shared with Romania). A Ramsar Advisory Mission, conducted jointly with the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme, visited Ukraine 27-31 October 2003 and evaluated three choices for the waterway, also providing advice on necessary impact assessments and likely compensation measures - the RAM report is available on the Convention's Web site.

15.1 The start of the works to open up the mouth of the Bystroe Danube arm to the Black Sea in May 2004, to create the deep water navigation way through this natural branch of the Danube, provoked much international concern. At the invitation of the Ramsar Secretariat and the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, an ad hoc meeting of representatives of Ukraine and Romania, of several MEAs and international NGOs, was hosted by UNEP in Geneva on 21 September 2004.

15.2 As an outcome of this meeting, the Ramsar Secretariat continues to participate in coordinated efforts by the secretariats of several multilateral environmental agreements, chaired by the Danube Commission (ICPDR), to provide advice to the Ukrainian Government on how best to address this matter. This has resulted in a follow-up visit to the 2003 Ramsar Advisory Mission on 26-29 April 2005, which provided a detailed update on recent developments and is available on the Convention's Web site.

15.3 The Government of Ukraine is expected to inform the Ramsar Secretariat on its final decision concerning a deep water navigation way through the Ramsar site. In the event of pursuing the works begun in 2004, an updated RIS and map and a consolidated report on compensation measures and their effect will be expected.

Article 3.2 reports

16. Article 3.2 requires that "each Contracting Party shall arrange to be informed at the earliest possible time if the ecological character of any wetland in its territory and included in the List has changed, is changing or is likely to change as the result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Information on such changes shall be passed without delay to the [Ramsar Secretariat]".

17. In fulfillment of Article 3.2, in September 2003 the government of Australia reported to the Secretariat that damage had occurred to the ecological character of part of the Gwydir Wetlands: Gingham and Lower Gwydir (Big Leather) Watercourses Ramsar site. At the same time, Australia advised that it was taking legal action under its Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 against the parties concerned, with a view to seeking restoration of the site.

18. On 11 June 2004 the Federal Court found that Mr Ronald Greentree and his company, AUEN Grain Pty Ltd, had contravened the EPBC Act as a result of clearing, ploughing and wheat-cropping activities conducted within the Gwydir Ramsar Wetlands. The Court imposed a record penalty of $450 000 and ordered Mr Greentree and his company to rehabilitate the site. The Court also issued an injunction preventing further agricultural activity on the land and excluding cattle from the site until at least 2007. In a unanimous decision, an appeal against the decision was dismissed on 13 July 2005.

19. Elsewhere, in Europe the following Article 3.2 reports from Contracting Parties have also been received since COP8:

i) Bulgaria: concerning current GEF project implementation activities which are intended to improve the ecological character of the Belene Islands Complex Ramsar site;

ii) Cyprus: concerning lead poisoning of flamingos at the Larnaca Salt Lake Ramsar site, a problem which has now been resolved through the removal of contaminated sediments;

iii) Czech Republic: the continuing potential threat of the planned Danube-Oder navigation canal to two Ramsar sites, which have now been placed on the Montreux Record (see below); and

iv) Norway: concerning a pollution accident linked to works adjacent to the Ilene & Pesterødkilen Ramsar site.

20. Annex 3a lists Ramsar sites in which human-induced negative changes to their ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur, as reported by Parties in their COP9 National Reports. This includes at least 102 Ramsar sites in 28 countries.

21. However, the Secretariat advises that it receives very few Article 3.2 reports from Administrative Authorities that comply with the "without delay" terms of the Article. Rather, most Article 3.2 issues are first raised with the Secretariat by third parties - often local communities, scientific or research bodies, or nongovernmental organizations. In such cases, the standard practice of the Secretariat is to raise the matter with the relevant Administrative Authority to seek clarification of the issue and what actions if necessary are being taken to address it, and to request that the Party concerned make a formal report in line with Article 3.2 and consider, where appropriate, placing the site on the Montreux Record. A list of the 72 such Ramsar sites in 38 countries which since COP8 have been reported to the Secretariat in the first instance by third parties is provided in Annex 3b.

22. In June 2004 the Secretary General wrote to the President of Peru raising concerns over the construction of a port facility for the processing and export of natural gas, to be located in Lobería beach, within the buffer zone of the Paracas National Reserve (Paracas Ramsar site); in September 2004 he wrote to the President of Colombia concerning development of a multi-purpose port facility in Palermo (Sistema Delta Estuarino del Río Magdalena,Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta Ramsar site); and in May 2005 he wrote to the Government of Kenya expressing concerns over the implications of court action halting the implementation of management planning for the Lake Naivasha Ramsar site.

23. In October 2004 the Secretariat received numerous messages concerning a large mortality of Black-necked Swans in the Santuario de la Naturaleza Carlos Anwandter Ramsar Site, Chile, which correspondents believed was related to impacts of waste discharge from an upstream cellulose factory. The Secretariat wrote to the Chile Administrative Authority on 19 November and 1 December 2004 raising these reported concerns, requesting a report in line with Article 3.2 and suggesting consideration of placing the site on the Montreux Record. On 17 December 2004 the Administrative Authority sent the Secretariat a detailed situation report and requested the Secretariat to assist further through the provision of a list of globally-recognized experts who could help in further assessment of the issue. This was provided on 22 December 2004. During a visit from the Secretariat in February 2005, the Administrative Authority requested the Secretariat's assistance in organizing an expert mission to the site, with all costs to be covered by the government of Chile. To facilitate and expedite this requested mission, which was thus not a Ramsar Advisory Mission under the terms of the Convention, the Secretariat agreed to prepare and sign the contracts with the experts selected, based on Terms of Reference provided by the Administrative Authority. The mission took place from 29 March - 4 April 2005. The experts' report and recommendations were then translated and forwarded unamended to the Administrative Authority on 7 June 2005.

24. In 2002, the Government of the United Kingdom published widely a summary consultation document on the future development of air transport in the southeastern part of the country, including the possible option of constructing an additional airport at Cliffe Marshes on parts of the "Thames Estuary and Marshes" Ramsar Site. Subsequently, many concerned individuals contacted the Secretariat. The Secretariat contacted the Administrative Authority but has yet to receive a formal response from the UK Government on its decisions following the consultation process.

25. During COP8, the Secretariat was given materials from concerned organizations about the impact of mechanical shellfisheries on intertidal ecosystems and migratory waterbird populations in the Netherlands Wadden Sea Ramsar sites. The Secretariat contacted the Netherlands Administrative Authority and is awaiting a response from the Dutch Government about the outcome of the evaluation of the shellfisheries carried out during 2003. The Secretariat understands that following action in the European Court in 2005 the shellfishery licencing in this part of the Waddensea has been suspended.

26. The Secretariat also frequently receives information about activities or policies affecting or likely to affect wetlands of recognized global significance but which have not been designated as Ramsar sites. In such instances, where appropriate, the Secretariat raises these matters with the Parties concerned in relation to their commitments under Article 3.1 for the wise use of all wetlands.

27. During the 2003-2005 triennium in particular, the Secretary General has raised concerns with the Dominican Republic over its enactment of legislation weakening the status of protected areas, including Ramsar sites; and with the Republic of Korea concerning its reclamation of the Saemangeum coastal wetlands, which form a major staging and wintering area for migratory waterbirds, including globally threatened species, and an important source of food for local communities.

28. Concerning Saemangeum, construction of the seawall designed to enclose the site continued in 2003/4 but was halted in February 2005 by legal actions before closure was completed. The Secretariat is awaiting further information from the government of the Republic of Korea concerning the present situation.

Montreux Record and Ramsar Advisory Missions

29. In relation to reports of Contracting Parties concerning changes in the ecological character of Ramsar sites (Article 3.2), two Ramsar sites since COP8 have been placed by Parties on the Montreux Record of sites where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. These are Mokrady dolního Podyjí (floodplain of lower Dyje River) and Poodri Ramsar sites, both in the Czech Republic, placed on the Record in June 2005.

30. Both these sites were added to the Montreux Record at the request of the Czech Government because they are potentially threatened by the planned Danube-Odra-Elbe navigation canal, the reason already invoked for the inclusion in the Montreux Record of the Donau-March Auen Ramsar site (Austria) in 1990.

31. In addition, the Government of Chad has advised the Secretariat that it is preparing to place the Partie tchadienne du lac Tchad Ramsar site on the Montreux Record.

32. The Government of Nicaragua has also advised that it is preparing to place the Sistema de Humedales de la Bahía de Bluefields Ramsar site on the Montreux Record and it has requested a Ramsar Advisory Mission, which is provisionally planned for December 2005.

33. The following three Ramsar sites in the Ukraine have been removed from the Montreux Record since COP8: Karkinitski & Dzharylgatska Bays, Tendrivska Bay, and Yagorlytska Bay.

34. Algeria has advised the Secretariat of its intention to remove the Oasis de Ouled Saïd Ramsar site that was placed on the Montreux Record in 2001. In line with established practice the Secretariat is seeking the advice of the STRP on this request, which will be transmitted to Algeria.

35. In its COP9 National Report, Poland indicates that it is preparing to remove two sites (Jezioro Siedmiu Wysp and Slonsk Reserve) from the Montreux Record, following improvements in their ecological character.

36. A joint 2003 Ramsar Advisory Mission (with the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme) was sent to the Kyliiske Mouth (Danube Delta) Ramsar site, in relation to concerns over the impact of the Ukraine's development of the Bystroe Canal as a shipping channel (see paragraph 15 above).

37. In August 2005 a Ramsar Advisory Mission took place to Georgia concerning the Kulevi oil terminal construction site within Wetlands of Central Kolkheti Ramsar site and the provision of compensation areas under Article 4.2 of the Convention (see paragraph 14 above).

38. In September 2005 a RAM took place to Croatia, concerning Kopacki Rit Ramsar site, to advise on the feasibility of its removal from the Montreux Record and to discuss the opportunities of transboundary cooperation with the Béda-Karapancsa Ramsar site (Hungary) upstream and the adjacent potential Ramsar site Gornje Podunavlje in the Vojvodina region of Serbia and Montenegro.

39. In October 2005 a RAM will take place to Serbia and Montenegro and Albania concerning Lake Skadar, a transboundary Ramsar site shared by Montenegro (Serbia and Montenegro) and Albania, to look into several management issues and advise on the modalities of transborder cooperation.

40. In their COP9 National Report, Uganda indicates that a Ramsar Advisory Mission will be requested for the Lake George Ramsar site.

41. The Federal Government of Nigeria has requested a Ramsar Advisory Mission to the Nguru Lake (and Marma Channel) complex Ramsar site to advise on whether it should be placed on the Montreux Record.


Annex 1

Ramsar Sites Designated since COP8

Source : Ramsar Sites Database, 20 September 2005

Country

Ramsar site

Date of designation

Area (ha)

ALBANIA

Butrint

28/03/2003

13,500

ALGERIA

Aulnaie de Aïn Khiar

04/06/2003

180

 

Chott de Zehrez Chergui

04/06/2003

50,985

 

Chott de Zehrez Gharbi

04/06/2003

52,200

 

Chott Melghir

04/06/2003

551,500

 

Grotte karstique de Ghar Boumâaza

06/04/2003

20,000

 

Gueltates Afilal

06/04/2003

20,900

 

Lac de Fetzara

04/06/2003

20,680

 

Le Cirque de Aïn Ouarka

06/04/2003

2,350

 

Marais de la Mekhada

06/04/2003

8,900

 

Oasis de Moghrar et de Tiout

04/06/2003

195,500

 

Réserve Naturelle du Lac de Béni-Bélaïd

04/06/2003

600

 

Réserve Naturelle du Lac de Réghaïa

06/04/2003

842

 

Tourbière du Lac Noir

06/04/2003

5

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Codrington Lagoon

24/06/2005

 

ARGENTINA

Reserva Provincial Laguna Brava

02/02/2003

405,000

 

Humedales Chaco

02/02/2004

508,000

 

Reserva Ecológica Costanera Sur

22/03/2005

353

AUSTRALIA

NSW Central Murray State Forests

20/05/2003

84,028

AUSTRIA

Bayerische Wildalm and Wildalmfilz

15/12/2004

133

 

Moor- und Seenlandschaft Keutschach-Schiefling

15/12/2004

543

 

Mires of Pass Thurn

02/02/2004

190

 

Mires of the Sauerfelder Wald

02/02/2004

119

 

Mires of the Schwarzenberg

02/02/2004

267

 

Mires of the Überling

02/02/2004

265

 

Nationalpark Kalkalpen

02/02/2004

18,532

 

Moore am Nassköhr

15/10/2004

211

BELGIUM

Vallée de la Haute-Sûre

24/03/2003

29,000

 

Grotte des Emotions

24/03/2003

3

 

Hautes Fagnes

24/03/2003

6,000

BRAZIL

Reserva Particular do Patrimonio Natural SESC Pantanal

06/12/2002

87,871

CANADA

Columbia Wetlands

05/06/2005

15,070

CHILE

Santuario de la Naturaleza Laguna Conchalí

02/02/2004

34

 

Bahía Lomas

06/12/2004

58,946

CHINA

Bitahai Wetland

07/12/2004

1,985

 

Dashanbao

07/12/2004

5,958

 

Eling Lake

07/12/2004

65,907

 

Lashihai Wetland

07/12/2004

3,560

 

Maidika

07/12/2004

43,496

 

Mapangyong Cuo

07/12/2004

73,782

 

Napahai Wetland

07/12/2004

2,083

 

Shuangtai Estuary

07/12/2004

128,000

 

Zhaling Lake

07/12/2004

64,920

COLOMBIA

Delta del Río Baudó

05/06/2004

8,888

COSTA RICA

Turberas de Talamanca

02/02/2003

192,520

CZECH REPUBLIC

Punkva subterranean stream (Podzemní Punkva)

18/03/2004

1,571

ECUADOR

Reserva Ecológica Cayapas-Mataje

12/06/2003

44,847

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Isla de Annobón

02/06/2003

23,000

 

Río Ntem o Campo

02/06/2003

33,000

 

Reserva Natural del Estuario del Muni

02/06/2003

80,000

ESTONIA

Laidevahe Nature Reserve

31/03/2003

2,424

FINLAND

Bird Wetlands of Hanko and Tammisaari

02/02/2004

55,196

 

Lake Läppträsket

02/02/2004

199

 

Pernajanlahti Bay

02/02/2004

1,143

 

Torronsuo National Park

02/02/2004

3,093

 

Lake Kutajärvi Area

02/02/2004

1,051

 

Valkmusa National Park

02/02/2004

1,170

 

Lake Kirkkojärvi and Lupinlahti Bay

02/02/2004

649

 

Kirkon–Vilkkiläntura Bay

02/02/2004

194

 

Siikalahti Bay Area

02/02/2004

682

 

Lake Kirkkojärvi Area

02/02/2004

305

 

Bird Wetlands of Vanajavesi Area

02/02/2004

702

 

Quark Archipelago

02/02/2004

63,699

 

Kauhaneva - Pohjankangas National Park

02/02/2004

6,849

 

Levaneva Mires

02/02/2004

3,343

 

Pilvineva Mires

02/02/2004

3,667

 

Salamajärvi National Park

02/02/2004

9,261

 

Bird Wetlands of Lapväärtti

02/02/2004

1,224

 

Vassorfjärden Bay

02/02/2004

1,537

 

Bird-lakes of Rantasalmi

02/02/2004

1,109

 

Suurenaukeansuo – Isosuo Mires and Lake Pohjalampi

02/02/2004

1,640

 

Bird-lakes of Rääkkylä and Kitee

02/02/2004

1,227

 

Lake Sysmäjärvi

02/02/2004

734

 

Lakes Heinä-Suvanto and Hetejärvi

02/02/2004

1,224

 

Bird Wetlands of Haapavesi

02/02/2004

3,616

 

Bird Wetlands of Hailuoto Island

02/02/2004

6,512

 

Liminganlahti Bay Area

02/02/2004

12,275

 

Bird Wetlands of Siikajoki

02/02/2004

2,691

 

Lakes Aittojärvi and Kongasjärvi

02/02/2004

703

 

Veneneva-Pelso Mires

02/02/2004

12,039

 

Olvassuo Mires

02/02/2004

27,073

 

Oulanka National Park

02/02/2004

29,390

 

Kainuunkylä Islands

02/02/2004

1,005

 

Riisitunturi National Park

02/02/2004

12,461

 

River Luiro Mires

02/02/2004

12,345

 

Teuravuoma-Kivijärvenvuoma Mires

02/02/2004

5,788

 

Lemmenjoki National Park

02/02/2004

285,990

 

Sotkavuoma Mires

02/02/2004

2,602

 

Làtäseno-Hietajoki Mires

02/02/2004

43,367

 

Sammuttijänkä-Vaijoenjänkä Mires

02/02/2004

51,749

FRANCE

Bassin du Drugeon

02/02/2003

5,906

 

Etangs du Lindre, forêt du Romersberg et zones voisines

02/02/2003

5,308

 

Lac du Bourget - Marais de Chautagne

02/02/2003

5,500

 

Marais du Fier d’Ars

02/02/2003

4,452

GERMANY

Aland-Elbe-Niederung und Elbaue Jerichow

21/02/2003

8,605

HONDURAS

Laguna de Bacalar

03/02/2003

7,394

 

Subcuenca del Lago de Yojoa

05/06/2005

43,640

HUNGARY

Csongrád-Bokrosi Sós-tó

04/12/2004

770

 

Felsö-Tisza (Upper Tisza)

04/12/2004

22,311

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

Fereydoon Kenar, Ezbaran & Sorkh Ruds Ab-Bandans

28/03/2003

5,427

JAMAICA

Palisadoes - Port Royal

22/04/2005

7,523

KOREA, REPUBLIC OF

Jangdo Island High Moor

30/03/2005

9

LESOTHO

Lets’eng-la-Letsie

01/07/2004

434

LIBERIA

Lake Piso

02/07/2003

76,091

LUXEMBOURG

Vallée de la Haute-Sûre

24/03/2003

16,900

KENYA

Lake Elmenteita

05/09/2005

10,880

MADAGASCAR

Le Lac Alaotra: les zones humides et basin

09/09/2003

722,500

 

Marais de Torotorofotsy avec leurs bassins versants

02/02/2005

9,993

 

Parc de Tsarasaotra

09/05/2005

5

MALAYSIA

Pulau Kukup

31/01/2003

647

 

Sungai Pulai

31/01/2003

9,126

 

Tanjung Piai

31/01/2003

526

MALI

Delta Intérieur du Niger

01/02/2004

4,119,500

MARSHALL ISLANDS

Jaluit Atoll Conservation Area

13/07/2004

69,000

MEXICO

Parque Nacional Arrecifes de Xcalak

27/11/2003

17,949

 

Cuencas y corales de la zona costera de Huatulco

27/11/2003

44,400

 

Laguna de Tecocomulco

27/11/2003

1,769

 

Parque Nacional Isla Contoy

27/11/2003

5,126

 

Parque Nacional Isla Isabel

27/11/2003

94

 

Parque Nacional Lagunas de Montebello

27/11/2003

6,022

 

Playa Tortuguera Rancho Nuevo

27/11/2003

30

 

Playa Tortuguera Tierra Colorada

27/11/2003

54

 

Reserva Estatal El Palmar

27/11/2003

50,177

 

Sian Ka’an

27/11/2003

652,193

 

Áreas de Protección de Flora y Fauna de Nahá y Metzabok

02/02/2004

7,216

 

Bala’an K’aax

02/02/2004

131,610

 

Reserva de la Biosfera Ría Celestún

02/02/2004

81,482

 

Reserva de la Biosfera Chamela-Cuixmala

02/02/2004

13,142

 

Ciénegas de Lerma

02/02/2004

3,023

 

La Mancha y El Llano

02/02/2004

1,414

 

Laguna de Metztitlán

02/02/2004

2,937

 

Laguna de Sayula

02/02/2004

16,800

 

Laguna Ojo de Liebre

02/02/2004

36,600

 

Laguna Playa Colorada-Santa María La Reforma

02/02/2004

53,140

 

Laguna San Ignacio

02/02/2004

17,500

 

Manglares y humedales de la Laguna de Sontecomapan

02/02/2004

8,921

 

Parque Nacional Arrecife de Puerto Morelos

02/02/2004

9,066

 

Parque Nacional Cañón del Sumidero

02/02/2004

21,789

 

Islas Marietas

02/02/2004

1,357

 

Parque Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano

02/02/2004

52,238

 

Playa Tortuguera Cahuitán

02/02/2004

65

 

Playa Tortuguera Chenkán

02/02/2004

100

 

Playa Tortuguera El Verde Camacho

02/02/2004

6,450

 

Playón Mexiquillo

02/02/2004

67

 

Playa Tortuguera X’cacel-X’cacelito

02/02/2004

362

 

Presa Jalpan

02/02/2004

68

 

Reserva de la Biosfera Banco Chinchorro

02/02/2004

144,360

 

Reserva de la Biosfera Los Petenes

02/02/2004

282,857

 

Sistema Lagunar Alvarado

02/02/2004

267,010

 

Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna Laguna de Términos

02/02/2004

705,016

 

Reserva de la Biosfera Archipiélago de Revillagigedo

02/02/2004

636,685

 

Parque Nacional Bahía de Loreto

02/02/2004

206,581

 

Isla San Pedro Mártir

02/02/2004

30,165

 

Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna Yum Balam

02/02/2004

154,052

 

Laguna de Yuriria

02/02/2004

15,020

 

Laguna Madre

02/02/2004

307,894

 

Sistema Lacustre Ejidos de Xochimilco y San Gregorio Atlapulco

02/02/2004

2,657

 

Laguna de Chichankanab

02/02/2004

1,999

 

Humedales del Lago de Pátzcuaro

02/02/2005

707

 

Laguna Costera El Caimán

02/02/2005

1,125

 

Parque Nacional Arrecifes de Cozumel

02/02/2005

11,987

 

Sistema de Lagunas Interdunarias de la Ciudad de Veracruz

02/02/2005

141

 

Humedales de la Laguna La Popotera

05/06/2005

1,975

 

Laguna de Zacapu

05/06/2005

40

 

Laguna de Zapotlán

05/06/2005

1,496

MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF

Lower Dniester (Nistru de Jos)

20/08/2003

60,000

MONGOLIA

Lake Achit and its surrounding wetlands

22/03/2004

73,730

 

Lake Buir and its surrounding wetlands

22/03/2004

104,000

 

Lake Ganga and its surrounding wetlands

22/03/2004

3,280

 

Lake Uvs and its surrounding wetlands

22/03/2004

585,000

 

Lakes in the Khurkh-Khuiten river valley

22/03/2004

42,940

MOROCCO

Aguelmams Sidi Ali - Tifounassine

15/01/2005

600

 

Archipel et dunes d’Essawira

15/01/2005

4,000

 

Baie d’Ad-Dakhla

15/01/2005

40,000

 

Barrage Al Massira

15/01/2005

14,000

 

Barrage Mohammed V

15/01/2005

5,000

 

Cap des Trois Fourches

15/01/2005

5,000

 

Complexe de Sidi Moussa-Walidia

15/01/2005

10,000

 

Complexe du bas Loukkos

15/01/2005

3,600

 

Complexe du bas Tahaddart

15/01/2005

11,000

 

Embouchure de l’oued Dr’a

15/01/2005

10,000

 

Embouchure de la Moulouya

15/01/2005

3,000

 

Embouchures des oueds Chbeyka-Al Wa’er

15/01/2005

8,000

 

Lacs Isly-Tislite

15/01/2005

800

 

Marais et côte du Plateau de Rmel

15/01/2005

1,300

 

Moyenne Dr’a

15/01/2005

45,000

 

Oasis du Tafilalet

15/01/2005

65,000

 

Sebkha Bou Areg

15/01/2005

14,000

 

Sebkha Zima

15/01/2005

760

 

Zones humides de l’oued El Maleh

15/01/2005

1,200

 

Zones humides de Souss-Massa

15/01/2005

1,000

MOZAMBIQUE

Marromeu Complex

03/08/2004

1,300,000

MYANMAR

Moyingyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary

17/11/2004

256

NEPAL

Beeshazar and Associated Lakes

13/08/2003

3,200

 

Ghodaghodi Lake Area

13/08/2003

2,563

 

Jagadishpur Reservoir

13/08/2003

225

NEW ZEALAND

Manawatu river mouth and estuary

25/07/2005

200

NIGER

Dallol Maouri

26/04/2004

318,966

 

Dallol Bosso

26/04/2004

376,162

 

Zone Humide du Moyen Niger II

26/04/2004

65,850

 

La mare de Dan Doutchi

16/09/2005

25,366

 

La mare de Tabalak

16/09/2005

7,713

 

La mare de Lassouri

16/09/2005

26,737

 

Oasis du Kawar

16/09/2005

368,536

PANAMA

Bahía de Panamá

20/10/2003

48,919

PARAGUAY

Laguna Chaco Lodge

20/10/2003

2,500

 

Laguna Teniente Rojas Silva

14/07/2004

8,470

PERU

Bofedales y Laguna de Salinas

28/10/2003

17,657

 

Laguna del Indio - Dique de los Españoles

28/10/2003

502

SAMOA

Lake Lanoto’o

10/07/2004

 

SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO

Slano Kopovo

22/07/2004

976

SEYCHELLES

Port Launay Coastal Wetlands (Port Glaud Wetlands)

22/11/2004

121

SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Tisa River

04/12/2004

735

SPAIN

Complejo lagunar de La Albuera

20/12/2002

1,878

 

Lago de Banyoles

20/12/2002

1,033

 

Laguna de El Hito

20/12/2002

573

 

Lagunas de puebla de Beleña

20/12/2002

191

SRI LANKA

Maduganga

11/12/2003

915

SUDAN

Dinder National Park (DNP)

07/01/2005

1,084,600

SWITZERLAND

Laubersmad-Salwidili

02/02/2005

1,376

 

Rhonegletschervorfeld

02/02/2005

317

 

Vadret da Roseg

02/02/2005

383

TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF

Rufiji-Mafia-Kilwa Marine Ramsar Site

29/10/2004

596,908

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Buccoo Reef / Bon Accord Lagoon Complex

08/07/2005

1,287

 

Caroni Swamp

08/07/2005

8,398

UGANDA

Lake Nabugabo wetland system

11/02/2004

22,000

UKRAINE

Aquatic-cliff complex of Cape Kazantyp

29/07/2004

251

 

Aquatic-cliff complex of Karadag

29/07/2004

224

 

Aquatic-coastal complex of Cape Opuk

29/07/2004

775

 

Bakotska Bay

29/07/2004

1,590

 

Big Chapelsk Depression

29/07/2004

2,359

 

Desna River Floodplains

29/07/2004

4,270

 

Dnipro-Oril Floodplains

29/07/2004

2,560

 

Lake Synevyr

29/07/2004

29

 

Lower Smotrych River

29/07/2004

1,480

 

Perebrody Peatlands

29/07/2004

12,718

 

Polissia Mires

29/07/2004

2,145

UNITED KINGDOM

Akrotiri

20/03/2003

2,171

 

Les Écrehous & Les Dirouilles, Jersey

02/02/2005

5,459

 

Les Minquiers, Jersey

02/02/2005

9,575

 

Les Pierres de Lecq (the Paternosters), Jersey

02/02/2005

512

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Quivira National Wildlife Refuge

02/12/2002

8,958

 

Grassland Ecological Area

02/02/2005

65,000

 

Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve (TRNERR)

02/02/2005

1,021

 

Kawainui and Hamakua Marsh Complex

02/02/2005

414

URUGUAY

Esteros de Farrapos e Islas del Río Uruguay

10/12/2004

17,496


Annex 2

List of Ramsar sites where the original area figure has been changed since COP8 for reasons of extension, GIS precision, correction or rounding adjustment

Country

Site

Ramsar Site No.

Date of Designation

Date of update

Reason for area change

Original area (ha)

Revised area (ha)

ALGERIA

Réserve Intégrale du Lac Oubeïra

280

Nov 1983

June 2003

Extension

2,200

3,160

 

La Réserve Naturelle du Lac des Oiseaux

975

March 1999

June 2003

Extension

70

120

BANGLADESH

Sundarbans Reserved Forest

560

May 1992

May 2003

Precision

596,000

601,700

BULGARIA

Atanasovsko Lake

292

Nov 1984

Nov 2002

Extension

1,050

1,404

ESTONIA

Matsalu Nature Reserve

104

March 1994

April 2003

Correction

48,640

48,610

FINLAND

Porvoonjoki estuary-Stensböle

8

May 1974

July 2005

Reduction

1,330

958

 

Söderskär and Langören archipelago

3

May 1974

July 2005

Reduction

20,438

18,219

 

Aspskär archipelago

2

May 1974

July 2005

Correction

731

728

MOROCCO

Merja Zerga

206

June 1980

Jan 2005

Precision

7,000

7,300

 

Merja Sidi Boughaba

207

June 1980

Jan 2005

Precision

600

650

 

Lac d’Afennourir

208

June 1980

Jan 2005

Extension

250

800

 

Baie de Khnifiss

209

June 1980

Jan 2005

Extension

6,500

20,000

SEYCHELLES

Port Launay Coastal Wetlands (Port Glaud Wetlands)

1432

Nov 2004

March 2005

Correction1

29

120

SWITZERLAND

Kaltbrunner Riet

509

Nov 1990

Nov 2004

Extension

150

157

 

Bolle di Magadino

231

Feb 1982

March 2004

Correction

661

662

 

Klingnauer Stausee

507

Nov 1990

March 2004

Correction

355

363

 

Niederried Stausee

508

Nov 1990

March 2004

Correction

303

297

 

Rive sud du lac de Neuchâtel

505

Nov 1990

March 2004

Correction

3,063

1,705

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Everglades National Park

374

June 1987

May 2005

Extension

566,143

610,497

1 The original area was that provided by the Seychelles upon their accession to the Convention, and was corrected during the Secretariat's processing of the Ramsar Information Sheet for the site when it was subsequently received.


Annex 3a

List of Ramsar sites in which human-induced negative changes have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur (Article 3.2), as indicated in COP9 National Reports (Strategic Plan action 11.2.4)

Note. At the time of preparation of this Annex, COP9 National Reports had not yet been received from Australia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Comoros, Cuba, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Ireland, Japan, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Monaco, Mongolia, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Togo, Uruguay, Uzbekistan.

Country

Sites

Austria

Donau-March-Auen

Belarus

Osveya

Belgium

Blankaart; Ijzer

Bolivia

Pantanal Boliviano; Lagos Poopó y Uru Uru

Brazil

PN Lagoa de Peixe; RPPN del SESC Pantanal; Baixada Maranhense

China

Zhalong; Eerduosi

Costa Rica

Isla del Coco; Palo Verde

Finland

Coastal Ramsar sites and agricultural Ramsar sites (no specific sites named)

I.R. Iran

Shadegan

The FYR of Macedonia

Lake Prespa

Gambia

Baobolon Wetland Reserve

Germany

Mühlenberger Loch

Hungary

Kis-Balaton

Kenya

Lakes Nakuru and Naivasha

Liberia

Lake Piso

Norway

Presterødkilen/Ilene; Kurefjorden

Peru

RN Salinas y Aguada Blanca; Lago Titicaca

Republic of Korea

Mt. Daeam high moor

Republic of Moldova

Lower Prut Lakes

Romania

Danube Delta

Russian Federation

Volga Delta

Slovenia

Škocjan Caves

Slovak Republic

Sur, Senne – fishponds, Turiec wetlands, Danube floodplains RSs.

Morava River floodplain; Orava River Ramsar sites

Tunisia

Parc National d’Ichkeul

Ukraine

Kyliiske Mouth

United Kingdom

63 UK Ramsar sites (For 28 of these sites, appropriate action is in place. At the remaining 35 sites the ecological factor(s) is/are not currently being managed, managed effectively, or the regulatory regime appears to have been ineffective so far.)

USA

Everglades National Park

Zambia

Kafue Flats

Under Action 11.2.4 and related actions, the Parties have reported that positive changes to ecological character have occurred in the following Ramsar sites:

Country

Sites

Belarus

3 sites (names not provided)

Cyprus

Larnaca Salt Lake.

Denmark

Ringkøbing Fjord

Hungary

Kardoskút; Biharugra Fishponds; Hortobágy

Iceland

Myvatn

I.R. Iran

Miankaleh Peninsula, Gorgan Bay and Lapoo-Zaghmarz Ab-bandan; Hamun-e-Saberi & Hamun-e-Helmand; Anzali Mordab (Talab) complex; Lake Urmia [or Orumiyeh]

Lebanon

Ammiq Wetlands; Tyre Beach

Mauritius

Rivulet Terre Rouge Estuary Bird Sanctuary

Poland

Jezioro Siedmiu Wysp; Slonsk Reserve

Romania

Danube Delta

Turkey

Lake Kus (Manyas); Sultan Sazligi

Uganda

Lake George

The following Parties in their COP9 National Reports reported that changes to ecological character of Ramsar sites have occurred, but provided no further information: Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, Italy, Jamaica, Madagascar, Morocco, Namibia, Portugal, Senegal, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela.


Annex 3b

List of Ramsar sites for which, since COP8, first reports of human-induced negative changes having occurred, is occurring or is likely to occur (Article 3.2) were received by the Secretariat from third parties

Country

Sites

Albania

Butrint

Argentina

SR Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca

Australia

Moreton Bay

Austria

Lafnitztal; Untere Lobau

Belgium

Marais d’Harchies

Bulgaria

Belene Islands Complex

Chile

Santuario Carlos Anwandter

Costa Rica

Caño Negro

Croatia

Crna Mlaka; Delta Neretve; Kopacki Rit

France

Etangs de la Petite Woëvre ; Camargue; La Petite Camargue; Rives du Lac Léman

Georgia

Ispani II Marshes

Hungary

Lake Balaton

India

East Calcutta Wetlands; Kolleru Lake; Keoladeo National Park; Sasthamkotta Lake

Iceland

Myvatn-Laca region; Thjörsarver

Ireland

Killala Bay/Moy Estuary

Italy

Stagno di Cagliari; Stagno di Molentargius; Torbiere d’Iseo

Kenya

Lake Naivasha

Kyrgyz Republic

Isyk-Kul State Reserve with the Lake Isyk-Kul

Malaysia

Pulau Kukup; Sungai Pulai; Tanjung Piai

Mauritania

Banc d’Arguin; Parc National du Diawling

Netherlands

Bargerveen; Waddenzee Ramsar sites

Niger

Parc national du “W”

Norway

Froan Nature Reserve & Landscape Protection Area; Ilene & Pesterödkilen; Kurefjorden

Poland

Biebrza National Park

Portugal

Ria Formosa

Republic of Moldova

Lower Prut Lakes

Romania

Small Island of Braila

Russian Federation

Kurgalsky Peninsula

Serbia and Montenegro

Skadarsko Jezero

Slovenia

Secoveljske soline

South Africa

Verloren Valei; Wilderness Lakes

Spain

Albufera de Valencia; Delta del Ebro; Mar Menor; Pantano de El Hondo; S’Albufera de Mallorca; Txingudi

Sweden

Umeälv delta

Switzerland

Fanel et Chablais de Cudrefin; Les Grangettes

Turkey

Gediz Delta; Göksu Deltasi

Ukraine

Kartal Lake; Kugurlui Lake; Kyliiske Mouth

United Kingdom

Chesil Beach & The Fleet; Dengie (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 1); Lewis Peatlands; Solent and Southampton Water; South West London Waterbodies; Thames Estuary and Marshes; The Swale

USA

Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve


Notes

1. Article 2.5 of the Convention states that "Any Contracting Party shall have the right to add to the List further wetlands situated within its territory, to extend the boundaries of those wetlands already included by it in the List, or, because of its urgent national interests, to delete or restrict the boundaries of wetlands already included by it in the List and shall, at the earliest possible time, inform the organization or government responsible for the continuing bureau duties specified in Article 8 of any such changes."

2. Article 3.2 in turn states that: "Each Contracting Party shall arrange to be informed at the earliest possible time if the ecological character of any wetland in its territory and included in the List has changed, is changing or is likely to change as the result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Information on such changes shall be passed without delay to the organization or government responsible for the continuing bureau duties specified in Article 8."

For reasons of economy, this document is printed in a limited number, and will not be distributed at the meeting. Delegates are requested to bring their copies to the meeting and not to request additional copies.

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