BirdLife partners' project for ducks and cormorants in Europe


Head Office: Emm. Benaki 53, GR-10681 Athens, Greece. Tel./Fax: +301 3811271
Thessaloniki Office: Kastritsiou 8, GR-54623 Thessaloniki, Greece. Tel: +3031 244245 Fax: 256774

Development Assistance and Cooperation Project

"Actions for the research and conservation of two globally threatened species in the Balkans ( Pygmy Cormorant and White-Headed Duck)"

This project is coordinated by the Hellenic Ornithological Society and is carried out by our Birdlife International partners in:

Romania Romanian Ornithological Society (ROS)
Turkey Society for the Protection of Nature (DHKD)
Bulgaria Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds (BSPB)

The project is funded by the Development, Assistance and Cooperation Project of the Greek Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works


The aim of the project is the conservation and increase of the population of Oxyura leucocephala and Phalacrocorax pygmeus in Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, and Turkey, by tackling threats and taking protection measures whithin the distribution areas of the two species in order to minimize the negative effects to them.


Objectives of the project are:

  • the creation of research groups for the investigation of the population status of the two globally threatened species, Oxyura leucocephala and Phalacrocorax pygmeus, in the most important areas of their distribution,
  • the realization of common or similar actions, simultaneously, in the four countries that relate to the above mentioned research, information and awareness for the two species and their biotopes,
  • the creation of a rapid information exchange network.
  • providing the partner organizations with equipement such as GPS and telescopes
  • creating awareness about the two speceis and the threatened wetlands by means of local meetings, stickers and banners and a poster.


1. Monitoring of wintering and migrating population twice a month during February - April 2001 and October - December 2001 in

Techirghiol Lake, Romania,
Burdur Lake and Kizilirmak Delta Turkey,
Lakes Vaya and Mandra (Burgas) and Yatata lagoon (Varna), Bulgaria,
Lake Vistonida, Greece

2. Search for accidental bycatch in fishing nets in all sites of the project. This will be done parallel with monitoring. Dead birds will be collected and dissected for diet analysis and handed to HOS.

3. Breeding bird surveys will be held in four important sites in Turkey; 2 seperate field trips will be undertaken during May-June.

4. Research for possible breeding areas in the Danube Delta, Romania

5. Benthos sampling during winter in Techirgiol Lake, Romania


1. Monitoring of wintering population at least once a month (April and September - December) in

Danube Delta lakes, Danube upstream from Calarasi, river Olt, Romania
Meriç Delta and Güllük Delta, Turkey
Maritza/Evros River between Plovdiv and Svilengrad, and Tundza river between Yambol and the Turksih border, Bulgaria
Evros Delta, Vistonida and Ismarida Lakes, Nestos Delta, Kekrikini Lake, Axios Delta, Lakes Prespa and Petron, Greece

2. Monitoring of breeding population in

Danube Delta, Small Island of Braila (Insula Mica a Brailei), by aerial surveys and boat, Romania
Uluabat Lake, Turkey
Lake Srebarna, Bulgaria
Lakes Kerkini, Prespa, and Petron, Greece

3. Ringing in the colonies of the Danube Delta, Romania, and Lake Kerkini, Greece

4. Diet analysis from pellets during the breeding season in

the Danube Delta, Romania
Kerkini Lake, Greece


1. Presentation of commencement of the project to local authorities and NGOs

2. Awareness meetings with local people (students, hunters, fishermen) will be held twice in every country

3. Three International workshops were already held:

15 - 16 October 2001, Burgas, Bulgaria: "Monitoring of the White - Headed Duck - Methodology and Goals"
27 - 29 October 2001, Burdur, Turkey: "White - headed Duck Festival"
30/11 - 2/12 2001, Tulcea , Romania: "the Pygmy Cormorant and The White-Headed Duck subject species leading to international cooperation in SE Europe"

4. Creation of related Web pages includng information about the project. Participation in two list servers that exist for the two species and communicate results of the project.

5. Concluding Conference in the Aristotelian University of thessaloniki and presentation of the results of the project to the press, 16 - 17 February 2002, Thessaloniki, Greece.

See also the Web site of BirdLife International,

Back to top
Follow us 
Ramsar Awards 

The Convention today

Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,186 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,674,247

Ramsar Secretariat

Rue Mauverney 28
CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland
Tel.: +41 22 999 0170
Fax: +41 22 999 0169
Map: click here

Ramsar Forum: subscribe