The Wise Use Resource Library


The Wise Use Resource Library 

Note: The "wise use" principle inscribed in Article 3.1 of the Convention in 1971, and its definition and application by the Conference of the Contracting Parties, have been established and have evolved completely independently from the so-called "wise use movement" that has emerged in recent years in North America. The use of the same term does not necessarily indicate that there is a commonality of understanding and/or purpose.

dotgrdark.gif (905 bytes)National Wetland Policies and Strategic Plans

Australia: The Wetlands Policy of the Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1997 Greece: National Strategy for Wetland Resources, 1999
Canada: The Canadian Federal Government Policy on Wetland Conservation, 1991 Nepal: National Wetlands Policy, 2003 (PDF)
Chile: Estrategia Nacional de Humedales, 2005 New Zealand: New Zealand Wetlands Management Policy, 1986
Colombia: Política Nacional Para Humedales Interiores de Colombia; Estrategias Para Su Conservación y Uso Racional, 2001 Spain: Plan Estratégico Español para la Conservación y el Uso Racional de los Humedales, 1999
Costa Rica: Programa Nacional De Humedales, Politica De Humedales De Costa Rica, 2001 Trinidad and Tobago: National Policy and Programs for Wetlands, 2002
Ghana: A National Wetlands Conservation Strategy, 1999 Turkey: 2003-2008 National Wetlands Strategy for Turkey, 2002
Guatemala: Política Nacional de Humedales de Guatemala, 2006 Uganda: National Policy for the Conservation and Management of Wetland Resources, Uganda, 1995

dotgrdark.gif (905 bytes)Other government policies and statements on wetlands

Argentina: Politica Ambiental, Provincia del Chaco, 2005
Costa Rica: Canon por Concepto de Aprovechamiento de Aguas, 2006

United Kingdom policy statement for Ramsar sites in England, 2000
United Kingdom policy statement for Ramsar sites in Wales (English) (Welsh), 2001

dotgrdark.gif (905 bytes)Wetland site management plans [reprints]

Albania: Karvasta Lagoon, 1996
Australia: Towra Point, 2001
Botswana: Okavango Delta Management Plan, 2008 (2.8MB PDF)
Bulgaria: Srebarna, 2000
China: Dongzhaigang National Nature Reserve, Hainan, 1999
Ecuador: Laguna de Cube, 2002
India: Wular Lake, Kashmir, 2007 (6.9MB PDF)

Russian Federation: Karaginsky Island, Kamchatka, 2000
Thailand, Nong Bong Kai Wetland Management Plan (PDF)

dotgrdark.gif (905 bytes)Wetland inventories

Democratic Republic of Congo: Rapid wetland inventory, 2008 (PDF)

dotgrdark.gif (905 bytes)Law and legislation, international and national

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands: has it made a difference? (2002), Michael Bowman
Rehabilitating nature: a comparative review of legal mechanisms that encourage wetland restoration efforts (2003), Royal C. Gardner
The Ramsar Convention comes of age (1995), M. J. Bowman
Rebuttal to "Wise use of wetlands under the Ramsar Convention: A challenge for meaningful implementation of international law" (2001), Bill Phillips
The United States Clean Water Act
Review of Policy and Legislative Support to the Sustainable use of Wetlands in Namibia with specific Reference to the Zambezi River Basin, by Shirley Bethune and Oliver C Ruppel (2007)
Ramsar soft law is not soft at all: discussion of the 2007 decision by the Netherlands Crown on the Lac Ramsar site on the island of Bonaire, by Jonathan Verschuuren (2008)

dotgrdark.gif (905 bytes)Other

A Short History of Waterbird Conservation, by Eckhart Kuijken; from Waterbirds around the world (2006)
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands: assessment of international designations within the United States (2007), by Royal C. Gardner and Kim Diana Connolly
Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites) in Canada: survey of Ramsar site managers, 2007, by Pauline Lynch-Stewart (2008)
African Wetlands of International Importance: assessment of benefits associated with designations under the Ramsar Convention (2009), by Royal Gardner, Kim Diana Connolly, and Abou Bamba
The Ramsar Convention: Measuring its Effectiveness for Conserving Wetlands of International Importance, an independent report (2002), Gonzalo Castro, Kenneth Chomitz, and Timothy S. Thomas, The World Bank and World Wildlife Fund
"Wise use of wetlands", by Hollis, Holland, Maltby, and Larson, Nature and Resources (UNESCO), 1988
Managing tourism in wetlands - some useful resources

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Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,186 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,674,247

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