Decisions of the 4th COP of the Convention on Biological Diversity -- Decision IV/5
[Note: The CBD secretariat has posted on its own Web site (www.biodiv.org) all the Decisions adopted by the 4th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity held in Bratislava, 4-15 May 1998. For the benefit of the Ramsar community, we are reprinting on the Ramsar Web site all the decisions which directly concern the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. We have taken the liberty of highlighting in bold red (like this) all the passages that most concern the Ramsar Convention directly. -- Ramsar Web Editor]
Decision IV/5: Conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal biological diversity, including a programme of work
TEXTS OF THE DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE FOURTH MEETING OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES
The Conference of the Parties,
I. PROGRAMME OF WORK ARISING FROM DECISION II/10 (JAKARTA MANDATE ON MARINE AND COASTAL BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY)
Reaffirming its decision II/10 on the conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal biological diversity,
Having considered recommendation III/2 of its Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice,
1. Adopts the programme of work on marine and coastal biological diversity, as contained in the annex to the present decision;
2. Urges Parties, countries, relevant organizations and donor agencies to contribute to the implementation of specific elements of the programme of work;
3. Urges Parties, when requesting for assistance through the financial mechanism of the Convention, to propose projects which, while being fully consistent with previous guidance of the Conferences of the Parties, promote the implementation of the programme of work;
4. Urges the Executive Secretary to cooperate with the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran 1971), where appropriate, in relation to the implementation of the joint work plan having regard to linkages with the programme of work on inland water biological diversity adopted by decision IV/4.
II. CORAL REEFS
Being deeply concerned at the recent extensive and severe coral bleaching, such as that reported by the African countries, caused by abnormally high water temperatures experienced since January 1998,
Recognizing the potentially severe loss of biological diversity and consequent socio-economic impacts, and
Noting this occurrence as a possible consequence of global warming and in light of the precautionary approach,
1. Requests the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice to make an analysis of this phenomenon and provide relevant information to the fifth meeting of the Conference of the Parties for its consideration;
2. Instructs the Executive Secretary to express its concern to the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Secretary-General of the Convention on Wetlands and convey it to the conferences of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Wetlands at their next meetings;
3. Invites the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to urgently address this issue in its deliberations; and
4. Urges Parties, with reference to programme element 1.3 (c) of the programme of work, to take appropriate actions to mitigate impacts upon marine and coastal biological diversity and consequent socio-economic effects;
III. SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES
Recognizing the uniqueness and extreme fragility of marine and coastal biological diversity of small island developing States (SIDS), the disproportionate responsibility facing small island developing States in the conservation of these biological resources and the limited capacity of small island developing States to implement the Jakarta Mandate on Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity,
Strongly recommends to Parties, countries, relevant organizations and donor agencies that the special needs and considerations of small island developing States be a focus for implementing each of the elements of the programme of work, as appropriate.
[Extracts from the Annex:
PROGRAMME OF WORK ON MARINE AND COASTAL BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY]
1. The aim of this programme of work is to assist the implementation of the Jakarta Mandate on Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity at the national, regional and global levels. It identifies key operational objectives and priority activities within the five key programme elements: integrated marine and coastal area management, marine and coastal living resources, marine and coastal protected areas, mariculture and alien species and genotypes. It also provides a general programme element to encompass the coordination role of the Secretariat, the collaborative linkages required and the effective use of experts.
B. Basic principles
1. Ecosystem approach
2. The ecosystem approach should be promoted at global, regional, national and local levels taking into account the report of the Malawi workshop (document UNEP/CBD/COP/4/Inf.9) and in accordance with decision IV/1B.
3. Protected areas should be integrated into wider strategies for preventing adverse effects to marine and coastal ecosystems from external activities and take into consideration, inter alia, the provisions of Article 8 of the Convention.
2. Precautionary approach
4. The precautionary approach, as set out in decision II/10, annex II, paragraph 3 (a), should be used as a guidance for all activities affecting marine and coastal biological diversity, being also relevant to many other international agreements, inter alia, the United Nations Agreement on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks and the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Washington Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities and regional agreements such as OSPAR.
. . . . . . . .
6. Levels of implementation
10. National and local. The primary basis for this programme of work is action at national and local levels. The Parties should, in accordance with Article 6 of the Convention, develop national strategies, plans and programmes in order to promote the conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal biological diversity.
11. Regional. At the regional level, organizations, arrangements and bodies should be invited to coordinate activities of and/or relevant to the programme of work. These organizations should as appropriate and according to their own rules of procedure report to the Convention on their activities. Where regional organizations have not been established, the Parties and other institutions should examine the need for new regional organizations or other mechanisms for regional integration. Cooperation and information flow between the economic sectors involved should be promoted. Regional scientific and technical centres of excellence should be promoted.
12. Global. At the global level, UNEP (including the Global International Water Assessment), FAO, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Maritime Organization, the United Nations and other relevant bodies should be encouraged to implement the programme of work. These organizations should be invited to inform the Convention on their efforts to implement the Convention.
13. Implementation modalities. This programme of work is the programme of work of the Parties and of the Secretariat. The main function of the Secretariat is to promote the implementation of specific activities and to perform an overall coordination role.
14. Activities associated with the programme of work should be cost-effective and efficient. Duplication of efforts will be avoided, and harmonization of respective programmes of work will be pursued through strong coordination between the Convention and other relevant bodies, with a particular view to the list of partner organizations mentioned in decision II/10, paragraph 13, and the Convention on Wetlands.
[The remainder of the work programme is omitted here -- consult www.biodiv.org/]
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