Decisions of the 4th COP of the Convention on Biological Diversity -- Decision IV/10

21/05/1998

[Note: The CBD secretariat has  posted on its own Web site (www.biodiv.org) all the Decisions adopted by the 4th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity held in Bratislava, 4-15 May 1998.  For the benefit of the Ramsar community, we are reprinting on the Ramsar Web site all the decisions which directly concern the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.   We have taken the liberty of highlighting in bold red (like this) all the passages that most concern the Ramsar Convention directly.  -- Ramsar Web Editor]

Decision IV/10: Measures for implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity

TEXTS OF THE DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE FOURTH MEETING OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES


A. Incentive measures: consideration of measures for the implementation of Article 11

The Conference of the Parties,

Reaffirming the importance for the implementation of the Convention of the design and implementation by Parties and Governments of economically and socially sound measures that act as incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity,

Recalling decision III/18 on incentive measures,

Recognizing that incentive measures should be designed using an ecosystem approach and with the targeted resource management audience in mind,

Recognizing that economic valuation of biodiversity and biological resources is an important tool for well-targeted and calibrated economic incentive measures,

1. Encourages Parties, Governments and relevant organizations:

(a) To promote the design and implementation of appropriate incentive measures, taking fully into account the ecosystem approach and the various conditions of the Parties and employing the precautionary approach of Principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, in order to facilitate achieving the implementation of the objectives of the Convention and to integrate biological diversity concerns in sectoral policies, instruments and projects;

(b) As a first step towards formulating incentive measures, to identify threats to biological diversity and underlying causes of reduction or loss of biological diversity and relevant actors;

(c) To take into account economic, social, cultural and ethical valuation in the development of relevant incentive measures;

(d) To develop supportive legal and policy frameworks for the design and implementation of incentive measures;

(e) To carry out participatory consultative processes at the relevant level to define the clear and target-oriented incentive measures to address the identified underlying causes of biodiversity reduction or loss and unsustainable use;

(f) To identify perverse incentives and consider the removal or mitigation of their negative effects on biological diversity in order to encourage positive, rather than negative, effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity;

(g) To prepare case studies on incentive measures in the thematic focus of the fifth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, utilizing the indicative outline prepared by the Executive Secretary as far as possible, and to make them available to the Executive Secretary;

(h) To undertake value addition and enhancement of naturally occurring genetic resources, based on the participatory approach, where appropriate, to work as incentives for their conservation and sustainable use;

2. Requests Parties to include information on the design and implementation of incentive measures in their second national reports;

3. Requests the financial mechanism to provide to eligible Parties adequate and timely support for the design and approaches relevant to the implementation of incentive measures including, where necessary, assessment of biological diversity of the relevant ecosystems, capacity-building necessary for the design and implementation of incentive measures and the development of appropriate legal and policy frameworks, and projects with components that provide for these incentives;

4. Invites all relevant organizations:

(a) To support efforts by Parties to design and implement appropriate incentive measures;

(b) To assist Parties and Governments to identify gaps in national capacity for policy research and analysis relevant to the design of incentive measures and to develop the necessary capacity to conduct such research and analysis;

5. Requests the Executive Secretary:

(a) To compile the information received from Parties, Governments and relevant organizations and to facilitate the exchange of information through appropriate means, such as the clearing-house mechanism, taking full advantage of existing and ongoing work of Parties and relevant organizations in this area;

(b) To prepare in collaboration with the Organisation for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD), the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and other relevant organizations, a background paper containing further analysis of the design and implementation of incentive measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, as it is related to the incentive measures in the thematic focus of the fifth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, with the aim of developing guidance to Parties;

(c) To describe, in this document, ways and means to identify perverse incentives and possibilities to remove or mitigate their negative effects on biological diversity.


B. Public education and awareness: Consideration of measures for the implementation of Article 13

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling Article 13 of the Convention, on public education and awareness,

Recognizing the importance of public education and awareness as central instruments to achieve the Convention's goals and to ensure effective implementation of the Convention at the national level, and also recognizing the need for capacity-building in this area,

Having taken note of the decision of the Commission on Sustainable Development at its sixth session on transfer of environmentally sound technology, capacity-building, education and public awareness, and science for sustainable development,

Recognizing that the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity includes social issues which require cultural understanding and sensitivity, and that efforts to promote the goals of Article 13 entail recognition of the diverse needs of people and their differing perceptions, knowledge, attitudes, interests, values and understanding in respect of the goals of the Convention, and that public education and awareness on biological diversity is most effective when it occurs in a social context that is meaningful to a specific audience,

Noting the opportunities for synergy on this particular issue within the Convention, the activities of the Commission on Sustainable Development, the mandate and activities of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and relevant activities of other bodies on public education, training and awareness on matters related to biological diversity,

Stressing that modern technologies and expanding access to electronic communication means bring new possibilities for promoting and encouraging understanding of the importance of, and measures required for, the conservation of biological diversity; but also recognizing the importance of traditional communication systems among local communities, with emphasis on maintaining their integrity and dynamism,

Further recognizing the role of the public media and non-traditional means of communication in information dissemination and awareness-raising,

Recognizing that non-governmental organizations have an important role in developing and disseminating information on biological diversity, especially in reaching out to marginalized groups who have a significant role to play in the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity,

1. Urges Parties:

(a) To place special emphasis on the requirements of Article 13 of the Convention in the development of their national strategies and action plans;

(b) To promote education on biological diversity through relevant institutions, including non-governmental organizations;

(c) To allocate appropriate resources for the strategic use of education and communication instruments at each phase of policy formulation, planning, implementation and evaluation, including the identification of relevant target groups seeking to provide these with relevant, timely, reliable and understandable information;

(d) To integrate biological diversity concerns into education strategies, recognizing the particular needs of indigenous and local communities; and

(e) To support initiatives by major groups that foster stakeholder participation in biological diversity conservation and sustainable use and that integrate biological diversity conservation matters into their practices and educational programmes;

2. Also urges Parties to share experiences on initiatives on public education and awareness and public participation relevant to the Convention, particularly on a sectoral and thematic basis, and to make relevant case studies as well as lessons learned in the preparation of national biological diversity policies, strategies and plans available to the Executive Secretary and for the exchange of information among Parties through the clearing-house mechanism and to consider how to organize assistance for Parties who may be keen to develop public awareness and education strategies, but lack the ability to do so;

3. Encourages Parties to make use of the media, including print and electronic media, to promote public education and awareness about the importance and appropriate methods for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity;

4. Calls upon Parties, where necessary, to illustrate and translate the provisions of the Convention into the respective local languages to promote public education and awareness-raising of relevant sectors, including local communities;

5. Decides that public education and awareness issues shall be integrated into and become an integral component of all sectoral and thematic items under the programme of work of the Conference of the Parties;

6. Invites the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to consider launching a global initiative on biological diversity education, training and public awareness and requests the Executive Secretary to explore the feasibility of such an initiative and to report to the fifth meeting of the Conference of the Parties on the progress of such an initiative;

7. Invites the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), in cooperation with other United Nations bodies and other relevant international and regional organizations, agreements, processes and institutions, to continue and make use of existing initiatives and to further develop its information dissemination and public-awareness activities in support of the work of the Convention;

8. Urges Parties, relevant organizations and donor agencies to support local, national, subregional and regional public education and awareness initiatives;

9. Urges Parties, when requesting for assistance through the financial mechanism of the Convention, to propose projects which promote measures for implementing the provisions of the Convention on public education and awareness;

10. Decides to review progress in the implementation of the above activities, at the latest at its seventh meeting.


C. Impact assessment and minimizing adverse effects: consideration of measures for the implementation of Article 14

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling Article 14 of the Convention, on impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts, including its provision on liability and redress for damage to biological diversity,

Recalling also its decision II/18, on measures to provide information and share experiences on the implementation of Article 14,

Taking note of document UNEP/CBD/COP/4/20,

Noting the initiatives in this field, such as the statement submitted to the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties on behalf of the International Association for Impact Assessment, following its 18th annual meeting in Christchurch, New Zealand, in April 1998,

Noting the entry into force of the Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (the "Espoo Convention"), as an example of regional cooperation,

Concerning impact assessment

1. Invites Parties, Governments, national and international organizations, and indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles, to transmit to the Executive Secretary for the purpose of exchanging information and sharing experiences on:

(a) Impact assessments that consider environmental effects and interrelated socio-economic aspects relevant to biological diversity;

(b) Strategic environmental assessments;

(c) Ways and means of fully incorporating biodiversity considerations into environmental impact assessment procedures;

(d) Reports and case studies relating to environmental impact assessment in the thematic areas specifically referred to in its decisions, particularly with respect to biological diversity, including in respect of activities with transboundary implications and for environmental impacts having cumulative effects on biological diversity;

(e) Reports relating to existing legislation, experience with environmental impact assessment procedures and guidelines for environmental impact assessment, particularly with regard to the incorporation of biological diversity considerations into environmental impact assessment;

(f) Reports concerning the implementation of mitigating measures and incentive schemes to enhance compliance with existing national environmental impact assessment systems;

2. Requests the Executive Secretary to prepare a synthesis report based on the information contained in such submissions and other relevant information, for the consideration of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice;

3. Instructs the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice to identify further actions that would promote implementation of the impact assessment procedures requested by Article 14 of the Convention, including consideration of whether there is a need for additional work to develop guidelines on the incorporation of biological diversity considerations into environmental impact assessment and to report to the Conference of the Parties;

4. Recommends that appropriate issues related to environmental impact assessment should be integrated into and become an integral component of relevant sectoral and thematic items under the programme of work of the Conference of the Parties;

5. Requests the Executive Secretary to make this information available through the clearing-house mechanism and other appropriate means;

6. Encourages the Executive Secretary to initiate collaboration between the Convention and other international organizations and bodies with expertise in this field and to seek cooperation, in particular with the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat and the Bonn Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species, with the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and the International Association for Impact Assessment, with a view to drawing on their networks of professional expertise and sources of information and advice;

7. Emphasizes the need to enable active participation by interested and affected stakeholders in the assessment process, including indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles and non-governmental organizations;

Concerning liability and redress

8. Invites Parties, Governments and relevant international organizations to provide the Executive Secretary with information on national, international and regional measures and agreements on liability and redress applicable to damage to biological diversity, including the nature, scope and coverage of such provisions, and information on experiences in their implementation, as well as information regarding access by foreign citizens to national courts potentially applicable to or in cases involving transboundary environmental harm;

9. Invites Parties to include in their national reports information on actions taken with respect to liability and redress for damage to biological diversity;

10. Requests the Executive Secretary to prepare a synthesis report based on the information contained in submissions by Parties and other relevant information, for examination by the Conference of the Parties at its fifth meeting;

11. Notes that this decision is without prejudice to the consideration of the issue of liability and redress in the negotiation of the protocol on biosafety.


Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
World Trade Centre, 393 St Jacques Street, Office 300, Montréal, Québec, Canada H2Y 1N9
Tel:+1-514-288-2220 /Fax:+1-514-288-6588
Secretariat Email:secretariat@biodiv.org
Clearing House Mechanism Email: chm@biodiv.org and Secretariat Staff/
URL:http://www.biodiv.org

Back to top
Follow us 
Ramsar Awards 

The Convention today

Number of » Contracting Parties: 168 Sites designated for the
» List of Wetlands of
International Importance
2,187 Total surface area of designated sites (hectares): 208,608,257

Ramsar Secretariat

Rue Mauverney 28
CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland
Tel.: +41 22 999 0170
Fax: +41 22 999 0169
E-Mail: ramsar@ramsar.org
Map: click here

Ramsar Forum: subscribe