Ramsar site management plans -- Dongzhaigang National Nature Reserve, Hainan, China

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Management Plan

of

Dongzhaigang National Nature Reserve, Hainan, China


Wetlands International-China Program

Hainan Provincial Forestry Bureau

Hainan Dongzhaigang National Nature Reserve

Supported through the

Small Grants Fund of the Ramsar Convention Bureau


chinaplan.jpg (35535 bytes)EDITORIAL BOARD

Chief of Editorial Board: Chen Kelin

Vice-Chief of Editorial Board: Wu Huasheng

Editors: Chen Kelin, Chen Guizhu, Huang Zhongqi, John Howes, Li Zuowei, Mo Yanni, Wu Huasheng, Wu Tingjie, Yan Chenggao, Yun Daxing, Zheng Xinren


Contents of files 1 and 2

Preface

Executive Summary

Chapter 1. General Information

Chapter 2. Evaluation and Goals

Chapter 3. Management Scenarios


Chapter 4 Budget

4.1 Budget

Table 5. Budget for implementation of the 5 year management plan

Activities

Item (RMB)

Funding in RMB

1: Identifying and demarcating functional zones of the Nature Reserve and identifying main functions of each zone

 

50,000

1.1 Demarcating functional zones, map publication

50,000

50,000

2: Demarcating the reserve’s boundary and setting up stakes and information signs

 

350,000

2.1 On-the-spot survey of the reserve boundary

20persons*60day*200yuan/day

240,000

2.2 Set up 600 concrete boundary stakes

600*100yuan

60,000

2.3 Set up 100 education boards

100*500yuan

50,000

3: Strengthening organization and capacity of management staff

 

3,000,000

3.1 Nature Reserve running costs and salary (40 staffs)

40persons*15000yuan/year*5year

3,000,000

4: Strengthening Reserve infrastructure

 

7,452,000

4.1 Infrastructure

   

4.1.1 one gate for the Nature Reserve

1*100,000

100,000

4.1.2 Staff housing 1145m2

1145m2*750yuan/m2

859,000

4.1.3 Research an working Building 2900 m2

2900m2*750yuan/m2

2,175,000

4.1.4 Establish 2 management station(1080 m2)

1080m2*750yuan/m2

810,000

4.2 Road construction

   

4.2.1 Cement road 1km

1km*200000yuan/km

200,000

4.2.2 Stone road 8km

8km*20000yuan/km

160,000

4.2.3 Asphalt road 4km

4km*100000yuan/km

400,000

4.3 Water and Power Supply

   

4.3.1 Well 3

3*100000yuan

300,000

4.3.2 Water tower 1

1*210000yuan

210,000

4.3.3 Drainage works 1km

1km*100000yuan/km

100,000

4.3.4 Power supply

 

67,000

4.3.5 Communication works

Telephone and radio etc.

84,000

4.4 Patrol and transport facilities

   

4.4.1 Establish 2 observation towers

2*170000yuan

340,000

4.4.2 two jeeps

2*200000yuan

400,000

4.4.3 six motorcycles

6*12000yuan

72,000

4.4.4 three boats

3*150000yuan

450,000

4.4.5 ten Hand-phones

10*5000yuan

50,000

4.5 Others

   

4.5.1 Plantation

Hedgerow and grass

60,000

4.5.2 Enclosing wall and sea dyke 1km

1km*160000yuan/km

160,000

4.6 Research and work facilities

   

4.6.1 Jeep 1

1*200000yuan

200,000

4.6.2 Mini bus 1

1*200000yuan

200,000

4.6.3 Computer 2

2*12500yuan

25,000

4.6.4 Duplicator 1

1*20000yuan

20,000

4.6.5 Facsimile 1

1*10000yuan

10,000

5: Reinforcement of Reserve management regulations

 

50,000

5.1 Develop a regulation on management of the NR

50,000

50,000

6: Establishment of Joint Leading Group to oversee Reserve management

 

100,000

6.1 Establish a joint management committee and running

100,000

100,000

7: Restoration of the mangrove ecosystem

 

722,500

7.1 Establish a 2 ha nursery

2hm2*25000yuan/year*5year

250,000

7.2 Restoration of mangrove ecosystem 135 hm2

135hm2*3500yuan/hm2

472,500

8: Increase area of rare mangrove species

 

245,000

8.1 Mangrove reforestation 70 hm2

70hm2*3500yuan/hm2

245,000

9: Development of sustainable ecotourism based on mangrove forest resource

 

2,570,000

9.1Conduct a carrying capacity analysis

50,000

50,000

9.2construction of eco-tourist facilities

   

9.2.1 Establish three Piers

3?*300000yuan/?

900,000

9.2.2 Yacht 9

9*120000yuan

1,080,000

9.2.3 Establish a pavilion

220000yuan

220,000

9.2.4 Walking path 1km

1km*50000yuan/km

50,000

9.2.5 Fishing facilities

20*5000yuan

100,000

9.2.6 Establish two bird watching towers

2?*35000yuan

70,000

9.3Training of tourist guides 10

10persons*10,000

100,000

10: Promotion of community development in and around protected area

 

1,000,000

10.1 Fish breeding

1,000,000

1,000,000

11: Undertake applied and targeted research on mangrove ecosystems to benefit Reserve management

 

500,000

11.1 Research on quantification of ecological, social and economic benefits generated by mangrove in the Reserve

200,000

200,000

11.2 Research on productivity of the mangrove wetland ecosystem

200,000

200,000

11.3 Research on ecological monitoring of the mangrove wetland ecosystem

100,000

100,000

12: Strengthening protection of rare bird species

 

600,000

12.1 Equipment for the field work

100,000

100,000

12.2 Establish a waterbird monitoring center

500,000

500,000

13: Increased protection of rare and endangered mangrove species

 

500,000

13.1 Establish a conservation and research center for mangrove genetic resources

500,000

500,000

14: Protection of endangered mammals

 

100,000

14.1 Mammals resources monitoring and management

100,000

100,000

15: Baseline survey of resources in the reserve

 

582,000

15.1 Baseline survey of resources in the reserve

6group*6persons*60day*200yuan/day

432,000

15.2 Report and map publication

150,000

150,000

16: Establishment of an ecological monitoring programme

 

800,000

16.1 Establishment and running of ecological monitoring stations and system

 

500,000

16.2 Equipment for the mornitoring

 

200,000

16.3 Remote sensing and GIS apply in dynamic monitoring

 

100,000

17: Developing a Dongzhaigang Biodiversity Database

 

200,000

17.1 Set up a database of Reserve resources

200,000

200,000

18: Wise use of marine and inter-tidal resources

 

100,000

18.1 Develop a regulation on fishing in the reserve

100,000

100,000

19: Development of medicinal plant resources

 

200,000

19.1 Development of medicinal plant

200,000

200,000

20: Develop and implement an applied research programme for endangered species conservation

 

500,000

20.1Development of Action Plans for endangered bird species

100,000

100,000

20.2Development of Action Plans for rare mangrove plant species

100,000

100,000

20.3Experiments on propagation of endangered and economically important mangrove species

100,000

100,000

20.4Experiments on culture of marine shellfish of high economic value

100,000

100,000

20.5Experiments on development and utilization of medicinal plants.

100,000

100,000

21: Increase public education and outreach to local communities

 

200,000

21.1 Develop TV and broadcast education program

100,000

100,000

21.2 Develop information boards and posters

50,000

50,000

21.1 Award to encourage community involve in the environment education activities

50,000

50,000

22: Increase environmental education to local schools and children

 

200,000

22.1 Organizing of camps for pupils

10times*20,000

200,000

23: Promotion of awareness through ecotourism

 

1,100,000

23.1 Print booklets on nature conservation

100,000

100,000

23.2 Establish an education center

1000m2 *750yuan/hm2

750,000

23.3 Education equipment and facilities

200,000

200,000

23.4 Set up exhibition windows

50,000

50,000

24: Strengthening of staff training

 

750,000

24.1 Long term training 10 person time

10persons*20000yuan/person

200,000

24.2 Short term training course 10 times

10times*40000yuan

400,000

24.3 3 persons overseas study tour

3persons*50000yuan/person

150,000

25: Scientific planning and management of inter-tidal mudflat resources

 

100,000

25.1 Scientific planning of mudflat resources

100,000

100,000

26: Controlling point-source of land based pollutants in the Reserve catchment

 

200,000

26.1 Planning and implementation of control land sources of pollutants

200,000

200,000

27: Controlling potential polluting impacts of tourism

 

200,000

27.1 Planning and implementation of Control pollutants brought by tourists

200,000

200,000

28: Controlling oil pollution caused by boats

 

200,000

28.1 Planning and implementation of Control oil pollution caused by boats

200,000

200,000

TOTAL

 

23,571,500

4.2 Funding sources

The fund for implementation of the Management Plan will be provided by the responsible authorities of national, provincial and municipal governments. In the meantime financial and technical assistance will also be sought from national and international sources.

4.3 Project benefits and risk assessment

The effective implementation of the Management Plan will provide the following benefits:

  • Environmental benefits: including the conservation of biodiversity and improvement of eco-environment;

  • Social benefits: Ecotourism will increase employment opportunities. The living and cultural level of the reserve staff and surrounding communities will also be improved;

  • Economic benefits: The diversified economy and the joint economy of local communities will increase economic income;

  • Management benefits: The full use of human resources, improved institutional mechanism and community-involved management will improve management level.

The possible risks during the project implementation include:

The low institutional capacity of the nature reserve management office; insufficient involvement of local communities in nature reserve and uncertainty of funding sources. A major risk is the natural disasters such as unpredictable tropical storm surge.

4.4 Sustainable development of the National Nature Reserve

The management level and public awareness will be improved through the implementation of Management Plan and thus the sustainable development of the Reserve can be probably achieved.


Chapter 5. Review and Modification

Independent review mechanism

The Reserve management authority will make timely modification and revision to the goals and corresponding activities of the management plan based on its implementation and regular independent reviews. This will ensure coordination and compliance between the management plan and the actual situation.

An independent Evaluation Group for Management Plan Implementation will be established. The Evaluation Group will be responsible for the annual evaluation to the management plan. The evaluations should include the implementation progress of the management plan and a review of weaknesses in the plan itself. Suggestions to the modification of the management plan based on changed circumstances should also be made in the evaluation.

The Reserve management authority will appoint specialists to modify and revise the management plan based on the evaluation report produced by the Evaluation Group. The revised management plan will be implemented after review and adoption.


Appendix 1. Annual plan for implementation of the Dongzhaigang management plan

Activities

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1: Identifying and demarcating functional zones of the Nature Reserve and identifying main functions of each zone

1.1 Demarcating functional zones, map publication

x x x x

2: Demarcating the reserve’s boundary and setting up stakes and information signs

2.1 On-the-spot survey of the reserve boundary

x x x x

2.2 Set up 600 concrete boundary stakes

x x x x

2.3 Set up 100 education boards

x x

3: Strengthening organization and capacity of management staff

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

4: Strengthening Reserve infrastructure

x x x x x x x x x x x x

5: Reinforcement of Reserve management regulations

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

5.1 Develop a regulation on management of the NR

x x x x

6: Establishment of Joint Leading Group to oversee Reserve management

6.1 Establish a joint management committee and running

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

7: Restoration of the mangrove ecosystem

7.1 Establish a 2 ha nursery

x x x x

7.2 Restoration of mangrove ecosystem 135 hm2

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

8: Increase area of rare mangrove species

8.1 Mangrove reforestation 70 hm2

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

9: Development of sustainable ecotourism based on mangrove forest resource

9.1Conduct a carrying capacity analysis

x x x x

9.2construction of eco-tourist facilities

x x x x x x x x

9.3Training of tourist guides 10

x x x x

10: Promotion of community development in and around protected area

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

10.1 Fish breeding

x x x x

11: Undertake applied and targeted research on mangrove ecosystems to benefit Reserve management

11.1 Research on quantification of ecological, social and economic benefits generated by mangrove in the Reserve

x x x x x x x x

11.2 Research on productivity of the mangrove wetland ecosystem

x x x x x x x x

11.3 Research on ecological monitoring of the mangrove wetland ecosystem

x x x x x x x x

12: Strengthening protection of rare bird species

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

12.1 Equipment for the field work

x x x x

12.2 Establish a waterbird monitoring center

x x x x

13: Increased protection of rare and endangered mangrove species

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

13.1 Establish a conservation and research center for mangrove genetic resources

x x x x

14: Protection of endangered mammals

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

15: Baseline survey of resources in the reserve

15.1 Baseline survey of resources in the reserve

x x x x x x

15.2 Report and map publication

x x x x

16: Establishment of an ecological monitoring programme

16.1 Establishment and running of ecological monitoring stations and system

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

17: Developing a Dongzhaigang Biodiversity Database

x x x x

18: Wise use of marine and inter-tidal resources

18.1 Develop a regulation on fishing in the reserve

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

19: Development of medicinal plant resources

x x x x

20: Develop and implement an applied research programme for endangered species conservation

20.1Development of Action Plans for endangered bird species

x x x x x x

20.2Development of Action Plans for rare mangrove plant species

x x x x x x

20.3Experiments on propagation of endangered and economically important mangrove species

x x x x x x

20.4Experiments on culture of marine shellfish of high economic value

x x x x x x

20.5Experiments on development and utilization of medicinal plants.

x x x x x x

21: Increase public education and outreach to local communities

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

22: Increase environmental education to local schools and children

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

23: Promotion of awareness through ecotourism

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

23.1 Print booklets on nature conservation

x x x x

23.2 Establish an education center

x x x x

24: Strengthening of staff training

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

25: Scientific planning and management of inter-tidal mudflat resources

25.1 Scientific planning of mudflat resources

x x x x

26: Controlling point-source of land based pollutants in the Reserve catchment

26.1 Planning and implementation of control land sources of pollutants

x x x x x x x x

27: Controlling potential polluting impacts of tourism

27.1 Planning and implementation of Control pollutants brought by tourists

x x x x x x x x

28: Controlling oil pollution caused by boats

28.1 Planning and implementation of Control oil pollution caused by boats

x x x x x x x x

Appendix 2. The list of mangrove species in Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

Scientific name

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lamk.

B.sexangula (Lour.) Poir.

B.sexangula var. rhynchopetala Ko

Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C.B.Rob.

Kandelia candel (L.) Druce

Rhizophora stylosa Griff

Rhizophora apiculata Bl.

Lumnitzera racemosa (Jack.) Voigt

L. littorea (L.) Gaertn

Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl.

S. hainanensis Ko

S. paracaseolaris

S. ovata Backer

S. alba J.Smith

S. apetala Buch.-Ham.

Aegiceras corniculatum Blanco

Acanthus ebrecteatus Vahl.

A. ilicifolius L.

Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.

Nypa fruticans Wurmb.

Acrostichum aureum L.

A. speciosum Willd.

Excoecaria agallocha L.

Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea Gaertn.f.

Xylocarpus granatum Koenig

Heritiera littoralia (Dryand.) Ait.

*Introduced Species

The List of semi-mangrove species and mangrove associated species in Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

Scientific name

Barringtonia racemosa Roxb.

Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

Thespesia populnea (L.) Solandex Correa

Cerbera manghas Linn.

Dolichandrone spathacea Sch.

Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) Sweet

Sesuvium portulacastrum L.

Suaeda australis (R.Br.) Moq

Atriplex repens Roth.

Casearia menbranacea Hance

Terminalis catappa L.

Calophyllum inophyllum L.

Caesalpinia crista L.

C. nuga (L.) Ait

Derris trifoliata Lour.

Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merr.

Canavala maritina (Aubl.) Thou

Dalbergia torta Crah.

Erythrina variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr.

Maytenus diversifolius (Maxim) Hou

Clerodendron inerme (L.) Gaertn.

Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia Cham

Limonium sinense (Gerard) Kuntze

Scaevola hainanensis Hance

Scaevola sericea Vahl.

Morinda citrifolia L.

Pluchoa indica (L.) Less

Wedelia biflora (L.) Dc.

Launaea sarmentosa (Eilld.) Merr.

Caryota ochlandra Hance

Cocos nucifera L.

Pandanus tectorius Sol.

Fimbristylis sericea (Poir.) R. Br.

Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl.

Paspalum distichum L.

Paspalum var. distichum (L.) Kunth

Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr.

Ischaemum barbatum Retz.

Phragnites karka (Retz.) Trin

Spinfex littoreus (Burm.f.) Merr.


Appendix 3. The List of Bird Species in Hainan Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

English Name

Scientific Name

 

Red-throated Diver

Gavia stellata

*

Little Grebe

Podiceps ruficollis

 

Common Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo

 

Grey Heron

Ardea cinerea

 

Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea

*

Little Green Heron

Butorides striatus

 

Chinese Pond Heron

Ardeola bacchus

 

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

 

Large Egret

Egretta alba

*

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta

 

Chinese Egret

Egretta eulophotes

 

Intermediate Egret

Egretta intermedia

*

Black-Crowned Night Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

*

Cinnamon Bittern

Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

 

Little Bitten

Ixobrychus minutus

*

Chinese Night Heron

Gorsachius magnificus

 

Great Bittern

Botaurus stellaris

*

Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia

*

Black-faced Spoonbill

Platalea minor

*

Bean Goose

Anser fabalis

*

Greylag Goose

Anser anser

 

Common Teal

Anas crecca

*

Baikal Teal

Anas formosa

*

Falcated Teal

Anas falcata

*

Wigeon

Anas penelope

*

Garganey

Anas querquedula

*

Cotton Teal

Nettapus coromandelianus

 

Black-winged Kite

Elanus caeruleus

 

Black Kite

Milvus korschun

 

Sparrow Hawk

Accipiter nisus

 

Buzzard

Buteo buteo

 

Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus

*

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

 

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

 

Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

 

Blue-breasted Banded Rail

Rallus striatus

 

Ruddy Crake

Porzana fusca

*

White-breasted Waterhen

Amaurornis phoenicurus

 

Water Cock

Gallicrex cinerea

*

Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

*

Coot

Fulica atra

 

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Hydrophasianus chirurgus

 

Painted Snipe

Rostratula benghalensis

*

Spur-winged Lapwing

Vanellus duvaucelii

 

Grey Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

*

Eastern Golden Plover

Pluvialis dominica

*

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius

 

Ringed Plover

Charadrius hiaticula

 

Kentish Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus

 

Lesser Sand Plover

Charadrius mongolus

*

Large Sand Plover

Charadrius leschenaultii

*

Eurasian Curlew

Numenius arquata

*

Eastern Curlew

Numenius madagascariensis

*

Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus

*

Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa limosa

*

Spotted Redshank

Tringa erythropus

*

Common Redshank

Tringa totanus

*

Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa stagnatilis

*

Greenshank

Tringa nebularis

*

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

*

Wood Sandpiper

Tringa glareola

*

Common Sandpiper

Tringa hypoleucos

*

Grey Sandpiper

Tringa incana

*

Terek Sandpiper

Xenus cinerea

*

Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

*

Swinhoe’s Snipe

Capella megala

*

Pintail Snipe

Capella stenura

 

Fantail Snipe

Capella gallinago

*

Red Knot

Calidris canutus

*

Red-necked Stint

Calidris ruficollis

*

Long-toed Stint

Calidris subminuta

*

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper

Calidris acuminata

*

Dunlin

Calidris alpina

*

Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris ferrugines

*

Broad-billed Sandpiper

Limicola falcinellus

*

Sanderling

Crocethia alba

*

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropodidae

*

Great Stone Plover

Esacus magnirostris

 

Common Gull

Larus canus

*

Herring Gull

Larus argentatus

*

Black –headed Gull

Larus ridibundus

*

Saunder’s Gull

Larus saundersi

 

Whiskered Tern

Chlidonias hybrida

 

White-winged Black Tern

Childonias leucoptera

 

Gull-billed Tern

Gelochelidon nilotica

 

Caspian Tern

Hydroprogne tschegrava

 

Black-naped Tern

Sterna sumatrana

*

Brown-winged Tern

Sterna anaethetus

*

Little Tern

Sterna albifrons

*

Short-billed Guillemot

Synthliboramphus antiquus

*

Rufous Turle Dove

Streptopelia orientalis

 

Spotted Dove

Streptopelia chinensis

 

Red Turtle Dove

Oenopopelia tranquebarica

 

Orange-breasted Green Pigeon

Treron bicincta

 

Indian Cuckoo

Cuculus micropterus

 

Himalayan Cuckoo

Cuculus saturatus

*

Crow

Centropus sinensis

 

Lesser Crow Pheasant

Centropus toulou

 

Collared Scops Owl

Otus bakkamoena

 

Large White-rumped Swift

Apus pacificus

*

House Swift

Apus affinis

*

Pied Kingfisher

Ceryle lugubris

 

Lesser Pied Kingfisher

Ceryle rudis

 

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

 

Three-toed Kingfisher

Ceyx erithacus

 

White-breasted Kingfisher

Halcyon smyrnensis

 

Black-capped Kingfisher

Halcyon pileata

 

Hoopoe

Upupa epops

 

Lesser Skylark

Alauda gulgula

 

House Swallow

Hirundo rustica

*

Yellow Wagtail

Motacilla flava

*

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea

 

Pied Wagtail

Noracilla alba

*

Padd-field Pipit

Anthus novaeseelandiae

*

Oriental Tree Pipit

Anthus hodgsoni

*

Chinese Bulbul

Pycnonotus sinensis

 

Black Bulbul

Hypsipetes madagascariensis

 

Rufous-backed Shrike

Lanius schach

 

Black Drongo

Dicrurus macrocercus

 

Bronze Drongo

Dicrurus aeneus

 

Grey-backed Starling

Sturnus sinensis

 

House Myna

Acridotheres tristis

 

Crested Myna

Acridotheres cristatellus

 

Crackle

Ggracula religiosa

 

Swinhoe’s Red-tailed Robin

Luscinia sibilans

*

Siberian Rubythroat

Luscinia calliope

*

Red –Flanked Bush Robin

Tarsiger cyanurus

*

Magpie Robin

Copsychus saularis

 

Stonechat

Saxicola torquata

 

Blue Rock Thrush

Monticola solitarius

 

Grey-backed Thrush

Turdus hortulorum

*

Grey Thrush

Turdus cardis

*

Blackbird

Turdus merula

 

Spectacled Laughing Thrush

Garrulax perspicillatus

 

Greater Necklaced Laughing Thrush

Garrulax pectoralis

 

Black-throated Langhing Thrush

Garrulax chinensis

 

Hwamei

Garrulax canorus

 

Could’s Tit Babbler

Alcippe brunnea

 

Pale-footed Bush Warbler

Cettia pallidipes

 

Scaly-headed Bush Warbler

Cettia squameiceps

*

Singing Bush Warbler

Cettia diphone

 

Dusky Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus fuscatus

 

Thick-billed Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus schwarzi

 

Yellow-browed Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus inornatus

*

Rufous Fantail Warbler

Cisticola juncidis

 

Long-tailed Tailor Bird

Orthotemus sutorius

 

Greater Brown Wren Warbler

Prinia subflava

 

Yellow Bellied Wren Warbler

Prinia flaviventris

 

Brown Flycatcher

Muscicapa latirostris

*

Ferruginous

Muscicapa ferruginea

 

Fork-tailed Sunbird

Aethopyga christinae

 

Yellow-breasted Sunbird

Nectarinia jugularis

 

Dark Green White-eye

Zosterops japonica

 

Tree Sparrow

Passer montanus

 

Spotted Mannikin

Lonchura punctulata

 

Chestnut Mannikin

Lonchura malacca

 

Yellow-breasted Bunting

Emberiza aureola

 

Grey-headed Black-faced Bunting

Emberiza spodocephala

*

Gray Tree Pie

Crypsirina formasae

*

(Protect level)

* (Listed in the China-Japan and China-Australia Migratory Bird Protection Agreement)


Appendix 4. The List of fish Species in Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

Scientific name

Scientific name

Triakidae

Nibea albifora (Richardson)

Mustelus griscus (Pietschmann)

Leiognathidae

Elopidae

Leiognathus equulus(Forskal)

Elope saurus Linnaeus

Leiognathus bindus (Cuvier et Valenciennes)

Megalopidae

Gerridae

Megalops cyprinoides(Broussonet)

Gerreomorpha decacantha(Bleeker)

Cluperdae

Lutjanidae

Harengula ovalis(Bennett)

Lujtanus russelli Bleeker

Clupannodon punctatus(Schlegel)

Sparidae

Llisha indica(Swainson)

Taius tumifrons (Temminck et Schlegel)

Engraulidae

Sparus latus Houttuyn

Anchoviella tri(Bleeker)

Pomadasyidae

Ophichthyidae

Parapristipoma trilineatum(Thunberg)

Trachinocephalus myops(Bl)

Theraponidae

Muaenesocidae

Theraapon jarbua(Forskal)

Muraenesox talabonoides(Blecker)

Mullidae

Ophichthyidae

Upeneus Luzonius Jordan et Scale

Cirrhimuraena chinensis

Ephippidae

Pisoodonophis boro(Hamilton Buchanan)

Ephippus orbis (Bloch)

Pisoodonophis csnerivorous(Richardson)

Drepanidae

Ophichthys apicalis(Bennett)

Drepane punctata(Linnacus)

Muraenidae

Congrogadidae

Thyrsoidea macrurus(Beeker)

Congrogadus Subducens (Richardson)

Belonidae

Ammodytidae

Tylosurus strongylurus(van haaaselt)

Bleekeria anguillivirdis(Fowler)

Hemirhamphidae

Siganidae

Hemihamphus dussumieri Cuvier et Valenciennes

Siganus fuscescens(Houttuyn)

Sphyraenidae

Trichiuridae

Sphyraena jello Cuvier et Valenciennes

Trichiurus haumela(Forskal)

Mugilidae

Eleotridae

Mugil carinatus Cuvier et Valenciennes

Butis butis(Hamilton)

Mugil offinis Gunther

Gobiidae

Polynemidae

Oxyurichthys microlepis

Eleutheronema tetradactylus(Shaw)

Acentrogobius viridipunctaatus (Cuvier et Valenciennes)

Serranidae

Acentrogobius caninus (Cuvier et Valenciennes)

Epomepjelis mapabarcrs (Bloch et Schncider)

Ctenogobius criniger (Cuvier et Valenciennes)

Lates calcarfer(Bloch)

Scorpaenidae

Carangidae

Sebastcus marmoratus (Cuvier et Valenciennes)

Caxanx equula Temminck et Schlegel

Triglidae

Caranx Sexfasciatus Quoy et Gaimard

Lepidotrigla kanagashira Kamohara

Caranx ignobills(Forskal)

Soleidae

Caranx kalla(Cuvier et Valenciennes)

Brachirus orientalis

Caranx mate(Cuvier et Valenciennes)

Pardachirus pavoninus

Caranx malam(Bleeker)

Cynoglossidae

Seriola dumerili(Richardson)

Paraplagusia bilineata

Sciaenidae

Periophthalmiddae

Otilithes argenteus Cuvier

Scartelaos viridis

Sciaena russelli(Cuvier et Valenciennes)

 

Appendix 5. The list of benthons in Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

Scientific name

Scientific name

PLATYHELMINTHES

Tellina virgata

Parap1anocera.sp

Tellinides timorensis

ANNELIDA

Merisca diaphana

Nectoneanthes oxypoda

Cyclotellina remies

Perinereis aibuhitensis

Macoma(Psammacoma) candida

G1ycera chirori

Sinonovacula constricta

Tylonereis bogoyawlesky

Pharella acutidens

Nama1ycastis aibiuma

Pitar?Pitarinum?striaum

Notomastus latericeus

Dosinia?Phacosoma?cumingii

Limnodriloides sp

Gafrarium tumidum Roding

Pontodrilus sp?

Circe stutzeri

SIPUNCULA

Meretrix lusoria

Phascolosoma escu1enta

Meretrix lusoria

MOLLUSCA

Anomalodiscus squamosus

Tegil1arca granosa

Clausinella calopblla

Arcopsis sculptilis

Clausinella isabellina

Arcopsis interplicata

Cyclina sinensis

Modiolus?Fulgida? f1avidu

Marcia hiantina

Placuna?P1acuna?placenta

Tapes dorsalus

Hyotissa hyotis

Cryptonema producta

Ostrea mordax

Sepia aculeata

Crassostrea rivu1aris

ARTHR0P0DA

Vignadu1a artata

Metapenaeus intermedius

potamocorbu1a rubromuscula

Penaeus?Penaeus?monodon

Venerilae

Penaeus merguiensis

Pectinidae

Palaemon serrifer

Ilommya mutabilis

Alpheus distinguendus

Laternu1a (Exo1aternu1a?truncat

Philyra carinat

Clithom oualaniensisa

Scylla serrata

Bithynia fuchsiana

Sesarma picta

Turritel1a bacillum

Sesarma plicatu

Cerithidea cingu1ata

Portunus pelagicus

Batil1aria zonalis

portunus sanguinolentus

Cerithidea rhizophorum

Portunus trituberculatus

Terebralia sulcta

Mictyris longicarpus

Umbonium uestiarium

Uca?Thalassuca?borealis

Chicoreus ramosus

Uca arcuata

Naticidae

Uca lactea

Turridae

Macrophthalmus(Mareotis) erato

Neritina violaea

Leipocten trigranulum

Neritina achatina

Ilyoplax serra

Littorinopsis scabra

Macrophthalmus(Mareotis?pacificus

Littorinopsis intermedia

Metaplax sheni

Batil1aria cumingi

Anchisquilla fasciata

Nassarius(Reticunassa)festivus

Cloridopsis scorpio

Nassarius(Zeuxis) siquijorensis

Oratosquilla oratoria

Nassarius thesites

Oratosquilla kempi

Loligo duvaucelii

Tachypleus tudentatus

Littorinopsis melanostom

 

Appendix 6. The List of Butterfly in the Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

Scientific name

Papille demolkeus

Papille polytes

Papille memnon

Graphium agamemnon

Graphium sarpedon

Dellas aglaja

Eurema hecabe

Ixias pyrene

Salatura agenutia

Euploae core

Euploea mulciber

Melanitis leada

Nymphalidea

Precis atlites

Precis almana

Precis lemonias

Precis iphita

Precis orithya

Phalanta phalantha

Cupha erymanthis

Hypolimnsa bolina

Neptis hylas

Rohana parisatis

Vagrans egista

Lampides boeticus

Pseudozeerla maha

Hasora chromus


Appendix. 7. The list of mammals in the Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

Scientific Name

Paguma Laryate

Tupaia glis modesta

Hystrix hodgson

Lutra lutra hainana Xu et Liu

Rousettus leschenaulti

Cynopterus sphinx

Ratufa bicolor

Callosciurus erythraeus


Appendix 8. Amphibians and Reptiles in Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve

Scientific name

Rhacophorus leucomystax

Calotes versicolor

Rana limnocharis Boie

Bungarus fasciatus

Bungarus multicinctus

Naja naja

Python molurus


References:

1. Lin Peng, (1990). Proceedings of Mangrove Research, Publishing House of Xiamen University

2. Lin Peng (1997). Mangrove Ecosystem In China, Scientific Publishing House, China

3. Chen Kelin, (1994). Guideline of Conservation and Wiseuse Wetlands, China Forestry Publishing House

4. Lu Jianjian, (1990). Wetlands of China?Publishing House of East China Normal University.

5. Zheng Dezhang, Zheng Songfa & Liao Baowen, (1995). Study of Mangrove Evolution Dynamics in Qinglangang, Hainan Island, Guangdong Scientific Publishing House.

6. Song Chaoshu,(1987) Working manual of Nature Reserve, China Forestry Publishing House.

7. Forestry Bureau of Qiongshan County?(1990), Forestry Annals of Qiongshan County, Sanhuan Publishing House, China.

8. Water Conservancy Bureau of Qiongshan County (1990), Water Conservancy Annuals of Qiongshan County. Sanhuan Publishing House, China.

9.Fu Aiyuan?(1995). The mangrove of Hainan Dongzhaigang Nature Reserve, Vegetation of Guangxi.

10. Collar, N., Crosby, M.J., and Stattersfield, A.J. (1994). Bird to Watch 2: The World List of Threatened Birds. BirdLife International. Cambridge, UK. Pp. 407.

11. Fan Hangqing and Liang Shichu. (1995). Eds. Research and Management on China Mangroves. China Science Press. Pp. 208.

12. Lin Peng (1993). Mangrove research Papers (II) (1990-1992). Xiamen University Press. Pp. 186.


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File 1
Prefatory
Chapter 1

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File 2
Chapter 2
Chapter 3

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File 3
Chapters 4 & 5
Appendices

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