The Annotated Ramsar List: Sweden
The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance
SWEDEN / SUEDE / SUECIA
The Convention on Wetlands came into force for Sweden on 21 December 1975. Sweden presently has 66 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 651,683 hectares.
site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas
Aloppkölen-Köpmankölen.19/11/01; Jämtland; 20,100 ha; 62°39'N 013°35'E. Includes Nature Reserve. A representative example of a natural wetland type (non-forested peatland) in the EU alpine region, the site consists of a large mire complex southwest of Lake Storsjön. Amongst the diverse kinds of fens, mires, peat bogs, and wet forests, solid ground 'islets' with a large number of dead pines Pinus sylvestris give the area a "distinct wilderness feel". Ornithological values are high, and the large carnivores Ursus arctos, Gulo gulo, Lynx lynx, and Canis lupus have been observed. Like much of northern Sweden, the area and its surroundings are used for reindeer husbandry by the local Sami population. Ramsar site no. 1113. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Asköviken-Sörfjärden.19/11/01; Södermanland, Västmanland; 12,200 ha; 59°28'N 016°41'E. Nature Reserves. Two sizable bays of Lake Mälaren and an archipelago of some 160 islands and isles between them, representative of a near-natural wetland type (freshwater lake and permanent marshes) in the EU Boreal region. Because of the special local climate, the area harbors several species favored by mild temperatures, known as "heat-depending relict species", the remains of a previous flora and fauna that was more widespread in warmer periods. The site supports more than 23,000 waterbirds and also qualifies under one of the fish criteria by virtue of its support for a significant proportion of several species, including the eel Anguilla anguilla and the European pike-perch or zander Stizostedion lucioperca. More than 75 globally and nationally red-listed species are present, including birds, fish and molluscs, fungi, moss and lichen, and insects. Human settlements are known from the 11th century, and a 17th century royal shipyard in the archipelago favored the cultivation of oak. Agriculture, forestry, and grazing are important activities, and the natural and culture beauty of the landscape make it very attractive for recreation and tourism. Ramsar site no. 1114. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Blaikfjället. 31/01/2013; Västerbotten; 43,611 ha; 64°35'N 016°07'E. Nature Reserves, Natura 2000 (SPA, SAC). Blaikfjället is a vast high plateau east of the Fennoscandian mountain range. The site covers a large unexploited mire complex area of international importance for maintaining the biological diversity of pristine mire and taiga ecosystems in the EU Alpine and Boreal regions. It contains forested and non-forest peatlands, permanent rivers and streams which are very important breeding and moulting area for many bird species included in Annex I of the EU Birds Directive, such as Whooper swan Cygnus cygnus, Red-throated diver Gavia stellata, Crane Grus grus, Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus, Ruff Philomachus pugnax and Golden plover Pluvialis apricaria. Moreover, a large number of nationally red-listed species connected to the untamed forest, such as wood-living bryophytes, fungi and lichens have stable populations within the site, among them Amylocystis lapponica and Skeletocutis odora. The peatland areas are important for carbon sequestration. Traditional activities within the site are reindeer farming and former hay harvesting in the mires. Currently the site is mainly dedicated to nature conservation, recreation, fishing, hunting and research. Management plans exist for the two nature reserves and the Natura 2000 site. Due to its pristine and high ecological value the site has been proposed to become a National Park. Ramsar Site no. 2167. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Blekinge archipelago.19/11/01; Blekinge; 12,500 ha; 56°07'N 015°21'E. Nature Reserves. The three separate parts of the site along the southeast coast of the country all include isles, islands, coastal areas with intertidal marshes, beaches, and rocky shores, and the waters between. The area supports more than 100 nationally red-listed species, primarily insects and birds, and more than 20,000 waterbirds, especially ducks, gulls, and cormorants. Remains of medieval house foundations and ancient graves can be seen on some islands, and preservation of the cultural landscape in this area is seen to be of national interest. Twelve nature reserves exist within or partially within the site, all with management plans in place. Ramsar site no. 1115. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Dalälven-Färnebofjärden.19/11/01; Västmanland, Gävleborg, Dalarna; 17,300 ha; 60°13'N 016°47'E. Includes National Park and Nature Reserves. The lower part of the River Dalälven where it emerges from hilly landscape onto a more flat and open countryside, widening and forming a series of broad, shallow pools. Situated at the limit of the vegetation types of northern and southern Sweden, the site has a rich diversity of mires, riverside meadows, birch and alder fens, marsh meadows, peat bogs, and shore fens. Flooding is common, and flood control is an important function of the site. The fauna is also diverse, especially in birds and fish species, and the mosquito Aedes rossicus is present in its largest populations in Sweden. Because of the wilderness character of the area, its diverse fauna, and attractive landscape, it is well known for birdwatching, hiking, canoeing, and fishing. Ramsar site no. 1116. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Dättern.12/06/89; Västra Götaland; 4,010 ha; 58º23’N 012º37’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation. A shallow, nutrient-rich freshwater bay, fringed by reedbeds, at the southwest end of Lake Vänern. The nutrient-rich waters support abundant plankton and are regarded as one of the most important spawning areas in Sweden for the fish Lucioperca lucioperca. Large numbers of migratory Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans) and waders stage in the area. Human activities include livestock grazing and fishing. Maintaining traditional grazing is essential for maintaining the ecological character of the meadows. Extended in November 2001 to include part of the river Nossan that is important for spawning asp (Aspius aspius). Ramsar site no. 432. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Dumme mosse.19/11/01; Jönköping; 3,350 ha; 57°47'N 014°01'E. Includes Nature Reserve and a bird sanctuary. A large, diverse mire complex representative for the region and with great ornithological and hydrological values, situated in a sandy flatland with eskers. In the northern end of the site, near the Domneå dam, 164 bird species have been observed, of which 90 are nesting fairly regularly. Ramsar site no. 1117. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Emån.19/11/01; Kalmar; 1,580 ha; 57°09'N 016°22'E. The lower reaches and mouth of the Emån river, containing many representative wetland types and extraordinary fish diversity. The river is broad and calm in most places, with large seasonal variations in water levels and annual flooding of large areas. It is one of the largest continuous wetland areas in the country, with vast areas of reeds, marsh meadow, waterlogged marshland, and meadows bordering the river. The river valley has been put to human use since the Stone Age and several sites are of national interest for cultural history, including remains of an early barrage near the mouth of the river. Conditions for recreation and tourism, especially sport fishing, are very good. Ramsar site no. 1118. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Falsterbo - (Bay of) Foteviken.05/12/74; Skåne; 7,530 ha; 55º25’N 012º55’E. Natura 2000 SPA, Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserves. A complex of shallow coastal waters, sandbanks, lagoons, sand and shingle beaches, coastal meadows, moors, damp heaths and some cultivated land. The coastline is constantly changing as a result of erosion and deposition. The site supports rare flora and is an important area for breeding seals and rare amphibians and breeding, as well as resting and wintering waterbirds. The site is one of the most important gathering points in northern Europe for migrating shorebirds and raptors. The shallow waters are important as nursery areas particularly for eel and flatfish, and parts of the area are classified as being of national interest for fishery. Other human activities include agriculture, livestock grazing and recreation. Ramsar site no. 14. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Fylleån. 19/11/01; Halland; 910 ha; 56°40'N 012°55'E. Nature Reserves, Bird Sanctuaries. The site encompasses the lower parts and mouth of the river Fylleån on the west coast, largely untouched by hydrological interventions and with good water quality. Interesting plant life is supported by old meanders, overgrowing oxbow lakes, and regularly flooded wetlands, as well as by the well-preserved sand dune landscape at the coast. The river is highly valued for its richness in nationally red-listed salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta, for both of which it provides important reproduction sites. The coastal stone fields contain graves from the early Iron Age in Scandinavia, and there are a large number of archaeological and ancient cultural remains in the area. Because of the open landscape, scenic beauty, diverse nature, and richness in monuments, the area is highly valued for recreation and tourism. Ramsar site no. 1119. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Gammelstadsviken.05/12/74; Norrbotten; 436 ha; 65º38’N 022º00’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserve. The site includes a freshwater lake with areas of floating aquatic vegetation and extensive marshes. It is a 4 km long tied-off bay of the Baltic sea which was relatively recently converted from a lagoon into a eutrophic lake by land uplift processes. The site forms a northern outpost for many southern plant and animal species. About 150 species of vascular plants have been noted to occur within the site, notably Glaux maritima and Deschampsia bottnica. The site is important for breeding and migratory birds. Some 200 species of birds have been observed in the area, including at least 12 species of breeding raptors. Ramsar site no. 27. Most recent RIS information: 2007.
Getapulien-Grönbo. 31/01/2013. Örebro; 3,229 ha; 59º39'N 015º29'E. Nature Reserves, Natura 2000 (SPA, SAC). One of the largest mire complexes in south central Sweden characterized by minimal anthropogenic influence. There are two Nature Reserves within the site Grönbo (491 ha) and Getapulien (995 ha) containing high representative examples of natural or near-natural wetland types within the European Boreal region such as forested and non-forested peatlands, bogs and lakes. The site supports threatened ecological communities of birds, insects and mammals according to the National Red List Catalogue and the EU Bird and Habitat Directives. More than 20 bird species dependent on wetland habitats and important for maintaining the biological diversity within the Boreal Region regularly breed in the site. Lynx (Lynx lynx) and Wolf (Canis lupus) can also be found. The peatlands store and sequestrate carbon and serve as water reservoirs during the summer. Land use is mainly dedicated to moose hunting, recreation, tourism and nature conservation. There is a wildlife research station in Grimsö which carries out fauna and flora monitoring activities. Former threats affecting the ecological character of the site were unsustainable forestry practices such as drainage that altered wetlands' natural hydrological cycle. As a result of the forestry prohibitions in the protected areas, vegetational succession of mature forest will increase significantly in coming years. Management plans exist for the two Nature Reserves. Ramsar Site no. 2168. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Getterön.05/12/74; Halland; 450 ha; 57º08’N 012º14’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserve. A former island now become a shallow coastal embayment partly enclosed and desalinated as a result of causeway construction. The brackish bay has freshwater inflow and supports reedbeds and coastal meadows. The area is used as a hunting ground by wetland raptors such as Pandion haliaetus and Falco peregrinus and supports various species of breeding wetland birds. Extended by 110 ha in November 2001.Ramsar site no. 19. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Gotland, east coast.05/12/74; Gotland; 4,900 ha; 57º07’N 018º28’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserves. A composite site made up of four separate sectors consisting of a shallow sandy bay, low-lying coastline, and small islands. Habitats include grazed meadows of varying degrees of wetness and extensive gravel banks. The complex is of international importance as a staging area for migrating Branta leucopsis and molting Anser anser. It is important for various species of breeding waterbirds. Numerous species of waders and Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans) stage in the area, including Cygnus columbianus bewickii. The continuation of traditional grazing is essential for maintaining the site’s value for breeding and staging birds. Access is restricted. Site boundaries extended in November 2001. Ramsar site no. 21. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Gullhög-Tönningfloarna. 31/01/2013; Jämtland; 1,883 ha; 62°12'N 014°09'E. Natura 2000. A large intact hydrological mire complex characterized fens, bogs, lakes, peatlands, ponds and wet forests. The mires are ecologically complex and extremely well developed. The site supports populations of mire plant and animal species important for the maintenance of the biological diversity of the Boreal region. The birdlife is very abundant and the ornithological values high. Vulnerable bird species such as ruff Philomachus pugnax and curlew Numenius arquata breed on the site. Moreover, endangered wetland dependent vegetal communities such as Carex heleonastes can also be found. The site is an important water reservoir and plays a vital role in groundwater recharge and carbon sequestration. The main human activities within the area are moose hunting, forestry, fishing, berry-picking and birdwatching. Potential threats to the ecological character of the site are forestry and peat mining plans. The County Administrative Board of Jämtland has elaborated a proposal for the establishment of a nature reserve within the site. Ramsar Site no. 2169. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Gustavsmurarna-Tröskens rikkärr. 31/01/2013; Gävleborg; 653 ha; 60°37'N 017°19'E. There are four Nature Reserves within the Ramsar Site: Gustavsmurarna, Brännan, Långhällskogen and Tröskens rikkärr, and large parts of the area have also been included in the Natura 2000 network. The site contains representative wetland types within the EU boreal region including forested and non-forested peatlands, permanent freshwater lakes and springs. The site supports many nationally red-listed species including populations of bog-orchid Microstylis monophylla and fen orchid Liparis loeselii. Some rare beetles such as Chlaenius sulcicollis and Chlaenius quadrisulcatus can also be found. The site is an important breeding area for vulnerable bird species such as Crane Grus grus, Spotted Crake Porzana porzana, Bittern Botaurus stellaris and Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus. The ecosystem services provided by the wetland are sediment trapping, water purification, and carbon storage. The site is mainly used for nature conservation, including research and monitoring, but hunting and outdoor activities are also permitted. Former land use characterized by intensive forestry, grazing and haymaking practices reduced the bush and tree vegetation, but since the declaration of the nature reserves and the implementation of the new regulations there are signs of increasing reed vegetation in open fens. Ramsar Site no. 2170. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Helgeån. 05/12/74; Skåne; 8,050 ha; 56º00’N 014º13’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserves. The lower part of Scania’s largest river made up of nutrient-rich freshwater lakes, reedbeds, scrub, and extensive pasture. The site is subject to regular flooding and is a key area in Scania for various species of breeding waterbirds. Thousands of ducks and internationally important numbers of Anser fabalis (10,000-15,000) stage at the site. The area also supports several scarce plant species. The site is noted for its innovative nature tourism activities. Boundaries extended in November 2001. Ramsar site no. 16. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Hjälstaviken. 05/12/74; Uppsala; 770 ha; 59º40’N 017º23’E. Natura 2000 SPA, SCI, Nature Reserve. A shallow, almost completely enclosed freshwater embayment, characterized by extremely clear water and overgrown by reedbeds. The wetland is surrounded by damp pasture, giving way to drier grassland and arable fields, with patches of deciduous and coniferous woodland. The area is important for wintering raptors, including Haliaetus albicilla; supports various species of breeding waterbirds, staging waders and Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans). Ramsar site no. 25. Most recent RIS information: 2006.
Hornborgasjön (lake).05/12/74; Västra Götaland; 6,510 ha; 58º19’N 013º33’E. Nature Reserves, Bird Sanctuary. Formerly one of Sweden’s most important sites for breeding and staging waterbirds, the site, an artificially regulated freshwater lake, became overgrown by reedbeds; subsequently, the site of one of the most successful and innovative lake restoration projects in the world. The lake is of international importance for staging Grus grus (5,000 birds in spring and 2,000 in autumn) and Philomachus pugnax (1,000), and supports an interesting range of breeding waterbirds. Two visitors’ centers, trails, and observation hides are maintained. Subject of a Ramsar Advisory Mission in 1988. Boundaries extended in November 2001. Ramsar site no. 22. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Hovran area (river).12/06/89; Dalarna; 4,860 ha; 60º20’N 016º03’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserve. Part of the Dalälven River and numerous nutrient-rich freshwater lakes surrounded by meadows. Water levels are artificially regulated. The site is internationally important for staging various species of wetland birds. Breeding species include Podiceps auritus, Pandion haliaetus, and Numenius arquata. Extended in 2001. Ramsar site no. 437. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Kallgate-Hejnum. 19/11/01; Gotland; 1,650 ha; 57°41'N 018°42'E. Includes Nature Reserve. A large complex of wetland, flat rockland, and forest on limestone bedrock on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. The site's many springs and high water quality contribute to its importance as a water reservoir. Several rare plant species are present, including fen pondweed Potamogeton coloratus, found only on this island within Sweden, and 26 species of orchids can be seen. Forestry, drainage, and road construction just outside the site are believed to be having some negative impact upon its flora and fauna. Ramsar site no. 1120. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Kilsviken.12/06/89; Värmland; 9,090 ha; 59º03’N 014º04’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserves. The site consists of three bays varying from nutrient-poor to nutrient-rich and numerous islands. Lush submerged vegetation and broad reedbeds and meadows are supported. The forested islands are partly submerged terminal moraines and fluvio-glacial ridges. The area is important for various species of breeding wetland birds. Nationally important numbers of Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans) and waders use the site for staging. Human activities include deer and cattle grazing, recreation, agriculture and fishing. Boundaries extended in November 2001. Ramsar site no. 434. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Klingavälsån-Krankesjön (Klingavälsån- Lake Krankesjön).05/12/74; Skåne; 3,970 ha; 55º37’N 013º38’E. Natura 2000 SPA, Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserves. An extensive area around the Klingavälsån River and freshwater lakes Krankesjön and Sövdesjön and part of lake Vombsjön. Habitats include shallow nutrient-rich lakes, meandering streams, marshes, and meadows, Alnus stands and Salix thickets. The site is important for migrating waterfowl, wintering geese and raptors and breeding birds, especially waders and wetland passerines; it is also important for reintroducing the white stork as a breeding bird in Sweden. Lake Vombsjön is classified as being of national interest for commercial fishing. Other human activities include livestock grazing, hay cutting, military training and recreation. Ramsar site no. 15. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Komosse.19/11/01; Jönköping, Västra Götaland; 4,070 ha; 57°41'N 013°42'E. Nature Reserve. Described as one of the most valuable peat bog complexes in northwestern Europe, large, diverse, and little exploited, with representative flora, fauna, and wetland types. Originating as a series of lakes in hilly landscape, the peat bog is thought to have been completely formed around 4000 B.C.; the ground is now flat and precipitation is high, thus wide soaks are common and there is a large pool system that is unusual for this part of the country. With its natural qualities and little human impact, the site is very valuable as a research area for national and international mire researchers in both hydrology and botany. Ramsar site no. 1121. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Koppången. 31/01/2013; Dalarna; 4,936 ha; 61°21'N 014°47'E. Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 (SPA, SCI). A large mire complex area with small lakes, peatlands and Fennoscandian forests of spruce Picea abies characteristic of the EU Boreal region. The mires support nationally red-listed species of birds such as Crane Grus grus, Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, and Ruff Philomachus pugnax. Moreover, the site is particularly rich in bryothites, lichens and fungi. More than 23 Sphagnum species have been registered in the area. Among the most representative mammals of the site are Wolverine Gulo gulo, Lynx Lynx lynx and Brown bear Ursus arctos. The peatlands store and sequestrate carbon contributing to global climate regulation. The site is used mainly during winter for skiing and sled dog travelling, and traditionally it has been used for harvesting fodder for livestock. Two management plans have been implemented, for the Natura 2000 area and for the Nature Reserve, including provisions against forestry, drainage, building and road constructions. Ramsar Site no. 2171. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Kvismaren.05/12/74; Kvismaren; 780 ha; 59º10’N 015º23’E. Nature 2000 Special Protection Area, Nature Reserve. Wetlands supporting extensive tracts of reedbeds, interspersed with Salix thickets and surrounded by large wet meadows with grazing cattle, woodland and low-lying pasture. The site is internationally important for staging waders and Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans), including large numbers of Anser fabalis. Several species of waterbirds breed at the site, and it is an important site for hibernating snakes. There is an observation hide and tower for the use of visitors. The hydrologic regime is strictly regulated to mitigate flooding. Ramsar site no. 24. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Laidaure. 05/12/74; Norrbotten; 4,319 ha; 67º08’N 018º17’E. World Heritage Site, Natura 2000 SPA, Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, National Parks, Nature Reserve. A freshwater lake set between mountains and a zone of coniferous forests. The natural delta of the River Rapa is unique in Sweden and represents a landscape of great scenic value; it includes lagoons and levees supporting willow thickets, which characterize the site. The site provides important staging areas and breeding localities for ducks, waders and birds of prey, and supports several species of large mammals. Human activities include reindeer husbandry, hiking and fishing. Ramsar site no. 31. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Lake Ånnsjön. 05/12/74; Jämtland; 11,000 ha; 63º16’N 012º33’E. Natura 2000 SPA; Nature Reserve, bird sanctuaries. A large nutrient-poor, freshwater lake surrounded by extensive mires, in the upper Indal River. The site includes marshland, a sandy ridge, eroded peat steps, and spectacular waterfalls. The area is also important for wintering raptors and supports a rich assemblage of breeding wetland birds. Human activities include fishing and general recreation. Some Stone Age dwellings and rock carvings are found. Ramsar site no. 26. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Lake Åsnen. 12/06/89; Kronoberg; 16,800 ha; 56º37’N 014º43’E. EU Special Protection Area, Nature Reserves, Bird Sanctuaries. A large nutrient-poor, shallow freshwater lake with embayments and islands bordered by meadows and marshland subject to flooding. Vegetation includes coniferous and deciduous forest, scattered Pinus sylvestris, and several bogs. An internationally important staging area for migratory Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans), including up to 2,500 Anser fabalis, A. anser, and 15,000 Mergus merganser, the site supports various species of breeding waterbirds. A rich variety of fish occur, including several rare species. Human activities include livestock grazing, fishing, and recreation. The continuation of traditional grazing is essential for maintaining the ecological character of the wet meadows. Ramsar site no. 429. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Lake Östen. 12/06/89; Västra Götaland; 1,010 ha; 58º35’N 013º57’E. Natura 2000 SPA, Nature Reserve. A shallow, nutrient-rich, freshwater lake supporting a rich submerged flora and fringed by reedbeds giving way to grassland. The lake is an internationally important staging area for Cygnus cygnus and Anser fabalis, as well as Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans). Waders occur as passage birds, and various species of waterbirds breed at the site. Some livestock grazing occurs and must be maintained to preserve the meadow flora. The land is mainly privately owned. A restoration project 1999-2003 has brought significant benefits. Ramsar site no. 433. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Lake Persöfjärden. 05/12/74; Norrbotten; 3,320 ha; 65º47’N 022º08’E. Part Nature 2000 SPA. A shallow freshwater lake formed when isostatic rise after deglaciation isolated a coastal bay from the sea. Vegetation includes extensive reedbeds, deciduous woodland, and scrub. The site supports various species of breeding and staging wetland birds, and about 210 bird species have been observed. Some parts of the site are used for sport fishing, hunting, canoeing, and bird-watching. The site is managed by private owners. Ramsar site no. 28. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Lundåkra Bay.19/11/01; Skåne; 1,980 ha; 55°49'N 012°55'E. Includes Nature Reserves. A shallow bay including adjacent shoreline and a small river mouth, which supports significant numbers of wetland birds and constitutes an important area for fish production. The terrestrial part of the site consists mostly of a large flat seashore meadow area, often flooded by the sea and partly waterlogged. The meadows within the northern part of the site (a nature reserve) are wet and more intensively grazed, and offer good breeding habitat for waders, including some nationally red-listed species such as avocet, dunlin, and little tern, all of which nest there regularly. The reserve has value for recreation and tourism, especially sport fishing, and the area has been classified as being of national interest for commercial fishing. Ramsar site no. 1122. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Mannavuoma. 31/01/2013; Norrbotten; 705 ha; 68°28'N 022°17'E. The site is characterized by tundra wetlands and palsa mires, forested and non-forested peatlands, permanent rivers, marshes and pools, all representative examples of natural wetland types in the northern part of the EU Boreal region. The site supports bird species included in Annex I of the EU Bird Directive such as Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus and Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria. The well-developed bog areas contribute to carbon sequestration. Land use is dedicated to reindeer grazing. No threats to the site's ecological character have been identified. The site is situated in a part of the country almost inaccessible with large areas surrounded by water resulting in a natural protection. Ramsar Site no. 2172. Most recent RIS: 2013.
Mellanljusnan. 31/01.2013; Gävleborg; 1,136 ha; 61°48'N 015°53'E; Natura 2000 (SAC, SPA); Nature Reserve; Nature Management Area. The site is formed by the Fennoscandian river Ljusnan, characterized by rapids and streams, mixed with slow meandering waters. In the lower part of the site, the river flows through a broad valley with farmland areas surrounded by forests and hills. The middle and upper parts of the site are dominated by dry pine forests on sandy glacial deposits. The landscape has been shaped by the river which has eroded 40 meter deep bedrock of glacial delta sediments. The vegetation includes several national red-listed aquatic plants such as Carex heleonaste and Elatine orthosperma. The site is an important spawning and feeding ground for several fish species such as brown trout Salmo trutta, grayling Thymallus thymallus and bullhead Cottus gobio, which are very good bioindicators of the high water quality in the EU Boreal region. Moreover, the site supports populations of other nationally red-listed species including freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera and otter Lutra lutra, and it plays an important role in water purification and flood regulation. There are no hydroelectric power stations within the site but the water regime is slightly affected by dams situated in the surrounding area. Land use is dedicated to forestry, fishing and tourism. Several archaeological and historical features are present within the site. Ramsar Site no. 2173. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Mellerstön. 31/01/2013; Norrbotten; 290 ha; 65º12'N 021º51'E; Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 (SCI). Situated in the Piteå archipelago, the site consists of two connected islands and the shallow marine water between them. The site is a representative example of a natural wetland complex archipelago in the Baltic Sea within the EU Boreal region, characterized by rocky shores, coastal saline lagoons, intertidal marshes and a mosaic of mires and deciduous forests. The shallow marine areas, mud flats and sand banks are very important feeding, staging and breeding grounds for water birds. The site supports nationally-threatened species including Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres and Curlew Numenius arquata. Endemic flora subspecies of Artemisia campestris are also present. The site is part of a nature reserve and has local importance for different tourism and recreational activities. The chief land use is dedicated to nature conservation. There are no major threats to the ecological character of the site. Ramsar Site no. 1974. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Mörrumsån-Pukavik Bay. 19/11/01; Blekinge; 2,740 ha; 56°09'N 014°45'E. Nature Reserves, Bird Sanctuaries. The site contains areas of high national interest for nature conservation, cultural heritage,and geology, and is one of the foremost areas in Sweden for populations of salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta. The site consists of the lower half of the river Mörrumsån (some 30km in length) and the shore surrounding the bay at the river mouth. Fifteen red-listed species of fungi have been found, and the endemic Hygroaster lacteus is present on small islands in the river. Sport and commercial fishing, chiefly for salmon and trout but also for eel Anguilla anguilla, are of very great importance. Ramsar site no. 1123. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Mossaträsk-Stormyran.19/11/01; Västernorrland; 950 ha; 63°50'N 017°19'E. Nature Reserve. One of the largest forest-mire complexes in northeastern Sweden, the relatively flat landscape contains a large, well-developed "string flark fen with large flarks [defined as 'seemingly bottomless pools'] and waterlogged areas". As the site is largely unaffected by human activities, water quality and ornithological values are high. As a nature reserve since 1998, a management plan is in place and the site is included in the National Mire Protection Plan. Ramsar site no. 1124. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Nittälven. 31/01/2013; Dalarna, Örebro; 1,932 ha; 59º55'N 014º48'E. Six Nature Reserves as part of the Natura 2000 network (SPA, SAC). River Nittälven and its delta is one of the most natural catchment areas in Örebro county; the site is a coherent river system representative of the EU Boreal region characterized by large streams, small creeks mixed with freshwater tree-dominated areas, and small ponds. Situated in a transition zone between northern and southern mire types, the site is an important area for breeding of different populations of birds, fish and mammal species red-listed nationally and internationally. The site supports endangered bryophytes and lichens such as Ramalina thrausta, important for the maintenance of the biological diversity of the region. The peatland areas are an important carbon sink. Nittälven is very popular among outdoor and wilderness enthusiasts, and the main human activities are moose-hunting, angling, canoeing and hiking. The howling of the local wolf pack is one of the main attractions. Potential threats to the ecological character of the site are unsustainable forestry practices, such as drainage, and excessive use of fertilizers. Management plans have been implemented in the Nature Reserves, and inventories covering forest habitats, birds, flora and wood fungi have also been carried out. Ramsar Site no. 2175. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Nordre älv estuary. 19/11/01; Västra Götaland; 7,210 ha; 57°47'N 011°44'E. Includes Nature Reserves and Bird Sanctuaries. A shallow marine bay around the mouth of the Nordre älv river on the west coast, and 5km of the river itself, with several small sheltered bays and a large number of islands and isles. Large numbers of waterbirds are supported, especially waders and ducks, and fish production is very high and commercially important. The beautiful landscape and cultural history make the area extremely attractive for tourism and recreation, especially boating. Ramsar site no. 1125. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Öland, eastern coastal areas (Ölands ostkust). 05/12/74; Kalmar; 8,460 ha; 56º27’N 016º36’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Bird Sanctuaries, Natura 2000 SPA. The site includes shallow coastal waters, bays, sandbanks, beaches, wet calcareous meadows, and steppe-like dry meadows on moraine islands. The meadows have been used for grazing and haymaking since the Middle Ages. An important area for passage waders and Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans), and for various species of nesting waterbirds. Efforts are being made to increase grazing where this would be advantageous from a conservation viewpoint. Hunting is prohibited and access is seasonally restricted. Ramsar site no. 18.Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Oldflån-Flån. 19/11/01; Jämtland; 10,100 ha; 63°48'N 013°48'E. A large, unexploited area in northwestern Sweden near the Norwegian border, holding very high ornithological values and a valuable mosaic of wetlands and forests. The site is located in the pre-alpine area, with hilly moraine landscapes and a wide variety of wetland types. The Oldflån area is a highly differentiated mire landscape with several different kinds of mire complexes, such as soligenous fens and marsh forests, with many solid ground 'islets' frequently with virgin spruce forest Picea abies. The Flån area is a mosaic complex with fens, small lakes, and solid ground 'islets', including topogenous soft ground fens, mixed mosaic mires, string flark fens with flark pools and marsh forests. Like many parts of northern Sweden, the area is subject to reindeer husbandry by the local Sami population. Ramsar site no. 1126. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Ottenby.05/12/74; Kalmar; 1,610 ha; 56º12’N 016º24’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 SPA. An island peninsula comprised of wet grasslands, grading into sand and shingle beaches, sandbanks and small bays. The site’s extensive pastures were probably used for haymaking since the Iron Age. Various species of breeding and molting waterbirds and large numbers of staging waterbirds use the site. The meadows are maintained by grazing livestock. The site is a popular visitor destination, and there is an ornithological station. Ramsar site no. 17. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Päivävuoma. 31/01/2013; Norrbotten; 2,759 ha; 66°37'54"N 021°14'59"E. Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 (SPA, SAC). Two well-developed large mixed mires with string and large wet flarks between them. The site is characterized by forested and non-forested peatlands, shrub-dominated wetlands, permanent freshwater lakes marshes, pools, rivers and streams. The site supports a rich avifauna important for maintaining the biological diversity of the EU Boreal region. A bird census performed by the County Administrative Board of Norrbotten resulted in 55 observed species, some of them red-listed or included in the Annex I of the EU Birds Directive, such as Ruff Philomachus pugnax, Black-throated diver Gavia arctica, and Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea. The peatlands of the site are important for carbon sequestration. Land use is dedicated to reindeer farming and hay production. Forestry activities and water drainage in the adjacent areas could be potential threats to the site's ecological character. Ramsar Site No. 2176. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Pirttimysvuoma. 31/01/2013; Norrbotten; 2,587 ha; 68º16'N 020º44'E. Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 site (SCI). A large, unexploited wetland complex characterized by open mires, tundra wetlands, forested peatlands, shrub-dominated wetlands, permanent freshwater marshes and pools, rivers and streams. The site has an interesting bryophyte flora with about 75 species representative for the Scandinavian part of the EU Alpine region. The mixed palsas (frost heaves) with the surrounding fens and open waters create a landscape mosaic harbouring a rich birdlife and supporting nationally red-listed species such as Ruff Philomachus pugnax. The mires and bogs play a significant role as a carbon sink. The area is frequently used for reindeer grazing. The site's ecological character can be disturbed by off-road vehicles, especially when there is no snow cover. Forestry activities are regulated through the nature reserve management plan, and drainage is forbidden. Ramsar Site no. 2177. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Rappomyran. 31/01/2013; Norrbotten; 3,031 ha; 66º22'N 020º57'E. Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 (SCI/SPA). The site is characterized by non-forested peatlands, shrub-dominated wetlands, permanent freshwater lakes, marshes, pools, rivers and streams supporting nationally red-listed species including Jelly lichen Collema curtisporum, Hudson Bay sedge Carex heleonastes, Otter Lutra lutra and Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata. Moreover, the site regularly supports significant numbers of birds during the breeding and migration periods important for maintaining the biological diversity of the Boreal region. Among them some are species listed in Annex I of the EU Bird Directive such as Crane Grus grus, Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola, Black-throated diver Gavia arctica and Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea. The peatland areas play a significant role in carbon sequestration. The land is mainly dedicated to reindeer farming, and there are no important recreation or tourist activities in the area. Conservation and management plans have been implemented for the nature reserve and the Natura 2000 site, including provisions against forestry, drainage, building and road construction. Ramsar Site no. 2178. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Sjaunja. 05/12/74; Norrbotten; 188,600 ha; 67º17’N 019º49’E. Within World Heritage Site; Nature 2000 Special Protection Area; Nature Reserve. An entire catchment of virgin wilderness consisting of a wide range of habitats, including mountain slopes, open marshes, shallow freshwater lakes, Betula woodland, Picea and Pinus forests, and the largest mire in Europe outside the former Soviet Union. Landscape features include moraine ridges, fluvio-glacial channels, and tundra polygons. The rich communities of breeding birds include waterbirds and raptors. The site supports several mammal species. Some parts of the site are used for sport fishing, hunting, canoeing, bird-watching, and hiking. Ramsar site no. 32. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Skälderviken.19/11/01; Skåne; 1,350 ha; 56°14'N 012°43'E. Nature Reserves. A shallow coastal bay in southwestern Sweden, including adjacent shoreline consisting of grazed meadows, a few islands, sand dunes and shoals, and two small river mouths. The site is an important spawning ground, nursery, and feeding area, especially for flatfish, and is classified as nationally important for commercial fishing. The flat seashore meadows also support a rich birdlife, and the scenic beauty of the area is highly valued for recreation and tourism. Ramsar site no. 1127. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Södra Bråviken.19/11/01; Östergötland; 3,610 ha; 58°38'N 016°26'E. Nature Reserves. Two shallow bays within the larger Bråviken bay on the Baltic coast, each with a handful of islands, bordered by coastal meadows, steppe meadows, and coniferous and oak forests of high biological value. The area is an important breeding and stopover site for many birds, mainly waterbirds, with more than 230 species recorded, and the site is classified as nationally important for commercial fishing. A few ancient monuments are found within the site. Management plans are in place for two Nature Reserves within and partly within the Ramsar site. Ramsar site no. 1128. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Stigfjorden. 12/06/89; Västra Götaland; 6,940 ha; 58º07’N 011º40’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserves, Nature Conservation Area. A large, shallow marine bay fringed by meadows and deciduous forests with many islands. The sea bed is covered by Zostera and Potamogeton spp. Marine currents help keep the area ice-free for long periods during the winter. The area supports an important fishery. Various species of waterbirds and waders and 10 Haliaetus albicilla winter or stage at the site, and molting Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans) are also found. Human activities include livestock grazing, boating, and swimming. Continuation of traditional grazing is important for maintaining the ecological character of the meadows. Boundaries extended in November 2001. Ramsar site no. 431. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Stockholm, outer archipelago (Stockholms yttre skärgård).12/06/89; Stockholm; 15,000 ha; 59º26’N 019º22’E. Natura 2000 SPAs, Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserves. Four groups of sparsely vegetated islands variously supporting Betula scrub, damp meadows and Juniperus bushes, or moor vegetation. The site provides important staging areas and breeding localities for waterbirds such as sea ducks and auks and constitutes a refuge in adverse weather conditions. Human activities include recreation, boating, and fishing. Ramsar site no. 435. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Store Mosse & Kävsjön.05/12/74; Jönköping; 7,580 ha; 57º18’N 013º57’E. Natura 2000 SPA, Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, National Park. Southern Sweden’s most extensive mire complex. It comprises a mosaic of raised bogs, fen, deciduous swamp woods and nutrient-poor lakes. Store Mosse is the largest active raised bog in Sweden. The site provides important staging areas and breeding localities for birds, including breeding ground for southern Sweden's possibly densest population of Crane. Human activities include education and recreation; peat extraction is permitted in small area. Ramsar site no. 20. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Storkölen. 19/11/01; Dalarna; 7,040 ha; 61°47'N 012°13'E. Natura 2000 site, Nature Reserves. An undisturbed area of high wetland diversity, rich in lakes and waterlogged areas, greatly valued for its scenic beauty, old forests and high ornithological values. There are large systems of flark pools within the sites, and pools and fen soaks are common. Re-introduction of bean goose Anser fabalis has been carried out successfully. Connection to the nearby Kvisleflået proposed Ramsar site in Norway suggests the possibility of a transboundary Ramsar site. Ramsar site no. 1129. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Sulsjön-Sulån. 19/11/01; Västernorrland; 350 ha; 62°36'N 016°50'E. LIFE and Natura 2000 site, Nature Reserve. Consists of a lake (Sulsjön) and part of the narrow, winding Sulån river, with surrounding mires and small water bodies. The river is one of the most valuable sites in Sweden for the endangered freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera, with some 220,000 individuals. A preliminary snowmobile track has been marked across the reserve to canalize mechanized visitors. Ramsar site no. 1130. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Svartån (river).12/06/89; Västmanland; 2,230 ha; 59º57’N 016º20’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation. A complex of four nutrient-rich, freshwater lakes connected by the meandering river Svartän, supporting emergent and submerged vegetation and surrounded by low-lying wet meadows. The area is internationally important for staging Cygnus cygnus (up to 1800) and supports a diversity of breeding wetland birds. Maintenance of traditional hay-cutting is subsidized. Boundaries extended in November 2001. Ramsar site no. 436. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Tåkern.05/12/74; Östergötland; 5,650 ha; 58º21’N 014º49’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 SPA. A shallow, nutrient-rich freshwater lake supporting reedbeds and submerged vegetation. Important for waterbirds throughout the year, the lake supports various breeding species and is internationally important for staging ducks, geese and waders, including up to 50,000 Anser fabalis. Large numbers of Cygnus olor and Anser anser molt on the lake, and Haliaetus albicilla occurs all year round. The reedbeds within the site are the largest in northern Europe. Access is restricted over most of the site but there are areas for fishing and duck hunting. The surrounding areas are used for agriculture. Thirty Stone Age settlements have been found around the lake, and there are many medieval churches in the area. Ramsar site no. 23. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Tärnasjön. 05/12/74; Västerbotten; 11,800 ha; 66º00’N 015º29’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserve. A sub-alpine freshwater lake set in a marshy basin characterized by parallel moraine ridges. The site includes numerous islands, an extensive mire with many small lakes, and a delta virtually unmodified by human activities. Vegetation is dominated by dwarf Betula scrub and a rich shoreline flora. The area supports an important range of breeding waterbirds and raptors. Human activities include reindeer farming, fishing, and recreation. Ramsar site no. 29. Most recent RIS information: 1991.
Tavvavuoma.05/12/74; Norrbotten; 28,700 ha; 68º30’N 020º45’E. EU Natura 2000 SPA; Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation. An extensive mosaic of palsa mires, watercourses, freshwater lakes, pools, and mountain birch woodland, set in one of the northernmost plateau regions of Lapland. The vegetation is strongly influenced by permafrost, which has created unusually extensive formations of palsa mires up to 7m in depth. Densities of breeding Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans) and waders reach the regionally high figure of 70 pairs per square kilometre. The area is vulnerable to damage by vehicles, especially when there is no snow cover. The main human activity in the area is reindeer farming by indigenous Saami people, but there is also some sport fishing, hunting, and canoeing. Ramsar site no. 33. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Tjålmejaure-Laisdalen Valley. 05/12/74; Norrbotten; 21,400 ha; 66º15’N 016º11’E. Natura 2000 SPA, Nature Reserve, Bird Sanctuary. Two mountain river valleys that converge to form a large delta in lake Yraft. The site includes a series of lakes and supports Betula woodland with sparse Pinus sylvestris. One of the richest mountain valleys for wildlife in Sweden; various large mammals and several species of breeding waterbirds and raptors are supported. Human activities include reindeer farming by indigenous Saami people, forestry, sport fishing, hunting, and hiking. There are many prehistoric and historic remains in the area, representing a diversity of cultures. Ramsar site no. 30. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Tönnersjöheden-Årshultsmyren.19/11/01; Halland, Kronoberg; 12,300 ha; 56°46'N 013°19'E. Nature Reserves. A large wetland complex with a high diversity of wetland types of several different developmental stages, located in the most humid region of southern Sweden. The site contains peat bogs, small lakes, fens, fen soaks, meandering streams, wetland meadows, wet forests and solid ground islets covered by forest. Forestry, agriculture, and grazing are practiced; two military training areas are present but are subject to conservation-oriented management planning. Ramsar site no. 1131. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Träslövsläge-Morups Tånge. 12/06/89; Halland; 1,990 ha; 56º59’N 012º20’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation; includes Nature Reserves and Natura 2000 SPAs. A complex of shallow marine waters and adjacent low-lying wet meadows along a coastline of undulating moraines and mobile sand. Habitats include shallow bays, lagoons, islands, dunes, and moors. The site supports nesting waterbirds and numerous species of staging ducks and waders. Human activities include fishing and general recreation. Continuation of traditional grazing is encouraged. Ramsar site no. 430. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
Tysjöarna. 19/11/01; Jämtland; 410 ha; 63°14'N 014°36'E. Bird sanctuary. Two lakes surrounded by a diverse area of mires, wetland forests, coniferous forests, mixed forests and meadows. Flora along the shorelines is extremely lime dependent, and lowered water levels have exposed large areas of marl, supporting vegetation with "a certain alpine feel". The first observation in Sweden of the rare moss Bryum wrightii was made here in 1992. The site is considered one of the most species-rich localities for resting and nesting waders and ducks, and it is a well-destination for ornithologists. Ramsar site no. 1132. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Umeälv delta.12/06/89; Västerbotten; 1,040 ha; 63º45’N 020º20’E. Site of National Importance for Nature Conservation, Nature Reserve. The broad, constantly changing delta of the Umeälv River. Vegetation includes emergent and submergent species as well as wet meadows and alluvial forest of Alnus glutinosa. The area is internationally important for staging Anser fabalis (up to 2,600), and supports other staging birds and waders. Up to 700 Mergus merganser molt in the area, and Haliaetus albicilla occurs regularly outside the breeding season. Human activities include fishing and duck hunting. Ramsar site no. 438. Most recent RIS information: 1991.
Vasikkavuoma. 31/01/2013; Norrbotten; 200 ha; 67º13'N 023º12'E. Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 (SCI). The site contains a representative example of natural wetland types in the EU boreal region such as open mires, permanent freshwater marshes and pools, rivers and streams. It supports important populations of plant and waterbird species on a regular basis and also during the breeding and migration seasons. Moreover, the site supports bird species important for maintaining the biological diversity of the region which are nationally red-listed and/or included in the Annex I of the EU Bird Directive such as Ruff Philomachus pugnax, Eurasian curlew Numenius arquata, Crane Grus grus, Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola and Marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus. The mires are important carbon sinks. Traditional mowing activities take place on a regular basis, and the site is also used by tourists and birdwatchers. The mire has been subjected to restorations through clearing and mowing. A potential threat to the site's ecological character is overgrowing if the mowing activities should stop. Management plans for the Natura 2000 site and the Nature Reserve have been implemented. Ramsar Site no. 2179. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Västra Roxen.19/11/01; Östergötland; 4,170 ha; 58°29'N 015°35'E. Nature Reserves. The western part of Lake Roxen and lower parts of three main rivers, the site consists of freshwater areas and adjacent shore meadows, pastures, and marsh-meadows, large parts of which are well managed by grazing and haymaking. The meadows and reedbeds are very rich in nesting and migratory birds, with more than 260 species observed, and a large number of breeding birds included in the national red list can be found in the site. The presence of groves of large and old oak trees favors a rich insect fauna, and the site fulfils Criteria 8 for its spawning grounds and nursery upon which fish stocks depend. The site contains several Bronze Age graves and remains, and the present open landscape created by haymaking and grazing has probably existed from the Stone Age. It is foreseen that the modernization of agriculture, with a cessation of traditional management of pastureland, might pose a problem in the future. Three birdwatching towers are present and the site is frequently visited. Ramsar site no. 1133. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Vattenån. 31/01/2013; Västernorrland, Jämtland; 3,661 ha; 62°34'N 015°25'E. Nature Reserve, Natura 2000. The site is formed by river Vattenån in the East and most of its upstream tributaries in the West, including more than 20 freshwater lakes, along with small mires, streams and some wet forests adjacent to the river system. River Vattenån is very rich in limnic values and supports one of the largest European populations of freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera outside the Russian Federation. The lakes and streams are important spawning grounds for stable populations of trout Salmo trutta, necessary for the life-cycle of the freshwater pearl mussel. Nationally red-listed species such as Otter Lutra lutra and wolf Canus lupus are also present. There is a monitoring programme which includes investigations on pearl mussels and limnic invertebrate fauna. Former timber activities, pearl fishing, rotetone insecticide use and the introduction of exotic species of pike and char in some of the lakes have reduced the populations of trout and mussels in the catchment area. The site is remote, but quite popular among locals as a recreational area for fishing and hiking. There are also five cottages open for public use as well as marked trails and information boards. Land use is mainly dedicated to nature conservation. Ramsar Site no. 2180. Most recent RIS information: 2013.
Vindelälven. 31/01/2013; Västerbotten; 66,395 ha; 05°38'N 017°27'E. Nature Reserve, Natura 2000 (SPA, SAC). Vindelälven is one of four large Swedish protected national rivers free of hydropower dams along its entire 450 km length. The site is a representative example of a natural permanent river including freshwater lakes, plus all the large and small tributaries of the catchment basin and an inland delta influenced by regular seasonal fluctuations of water levels as a direct consequence of the snow melting cycle of the Alpine region. The river is characterized by its high biodiversity. Red-listed species such as Otter Lutra lutra and freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera regularly use the site. Due to the lack of hydropower dams there are very good conditions for migration of fish species such as Baltic salmon Salmo salar, Brown trout Salmo trutta, and European grayling Thymallus thymallus. Situated in the flyway from the shores of the Baltic Sea to the Alpine region, the inland delta in Ammarnäs is of international importance for many migratory waterbirds, and the nationally endangered Lesser white-fronted goose Anser erythropus has been observed there. The river is a very important freshwater source and contributes to sediment trapping in the slow-flowing parts and water purification in the adjacent areas. There are several small towns and villages along the river, and the main human activities are recreation, fishing, hunting and nature conservation. Potential threats are the impacts of a downstream dam which acts as a barrier for fish migration. Ramsar Site no. 2181. Most recent RIS information: 2013.