The Annotated Ramsar List: Germany
The Annotated Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance
GERMANY / ALLEMAGNE / ALEMANIA
The Convention on Wetlands came into force for Germany on 26 June 1976. Germany presently has 34 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a surface area of 868,226 hectares.
site; date of designation; region, province, state; surface area; coordinates
site; date de désignation; région, province, état; superficie; coordonnées
sitios; fecha de designación; región, provincia, estado; área; coordenadas
Aland-Elbe-Niederung und Elbaue Jerichow. 21/02/03; Sachsen-Anhalt; 8,605 hectares, 52°45'N 011°49'E. Biosphere Reserve, EU Special Protection Areas. Comprises two large parts of the floodplain of the Elbe river, including two EU Special Protection Areas and part of the Biosphere Reserve "Flusslandschaft Elbe". Both areas are composed of near-natural floodplain meadows, despite anthropogenic changes, with dynamic floodplain development and regular flooding occurring at a reduced level. The area is of outstanding importance for breeding, resting and wintering waterbirds, waders and grassland species. The site harbours large gatherings of Cygnus bewickii (2.7% of NW European flyway population), Cygnus Cygnus (2%), Anser fabalis (30%), Anser albifrons (2.5%), and Grus grus (6.6%). The area offers opportunities for research and education activities. Grassland habitat is maintained by mowing and grazing. Public water bodies are used mostly for fishing. Problems with waterbird hunting arise regularly. Ramsar site no. 1307. Most recent RIS information: 2003.
Ammersee. 26/02/76; Bayern; 6,517 ha; 48º01’N 011º08’E. Nature Reserves. A large, natural, freshwater lake with fluctuating water levels situated in a glaciated valley. The site consists of narrow gravel beaches and supports various types of reeds, moorland areas scrub and meadows. An important area for breeding, wintering and staging waterbirds. The site supports a commercial fishery and recreational activities. Ramsar site no. 93. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Bayerische Wildalm. 09/10/07; Bayern; 7 ha; 47°35'N 011°47'E. Flora-Fauna-Habitat, EC Directive SPA. An area of remarkable peatland concentration in the southern state of Bavaria which extends across the frontier to the Austrian Ramsar site of the same name. The site is a karst depression, or polje, with a natural brook that vanishes into one big and several small ponors (swallow hole). The bottom of the polje is covered completely by a fen which is hydrologically controlled both by water coming from the sloping fens along the polje slopes and by periodic floods of the brook. The mires show typical features of mire type representative for the Limestone Alps, with many endangered plant species, which form the chief basis for the site's nomination to the List. Part of the "Austrian-Bavarian Wildalm" Transboundary Ramsar Site with Austria, 2008. Ramsar site no. 1723. Most recent RIS information: 2007.
Bodensee: Wollmatinger Ried, Giehrenmoos & Mindelsee. 26/02/76; Baden-Württemberg; 1,286 ha; 47º41’N 009º07’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive, Council of Europe Diploma, Nature Reserves Landscape Reserve. Two separate sectors composed of a shallow embayment of extensive reedbeds, seasonally inundated meadows, and a small nutrient-rich lake. The site is internationally important for numerous species of breeding, staging and wintering waterbirds. Plants include endemic and notable species. Waterbird hunting has been prohibited. Human activities include research and biological monitoring, forestry, extensive fishing, recreation, urban development, agriculture and grazing. Ramsar site no. 89. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Chiemsee.26/02/76; Bayern; 8,660 ha; 47º53’N 012º29’E. Nature Reserve. A large, freshwater lake situated in a glaciated basin, with fringing reedbeds and areas of scrub. The mouth of the Tiroler Achen River is situated on the site and supports vast mudflats and moorland. Internationally important as a staging and wintering area for waterbirds, the site supports various breeding birds and several notable plant species. Access and leisure activities are restricted and fish spawning areas are protected. A nature conservation center is located in Uebersee. Ramsar site no. 95. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Diepholzer Moorniederung.26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 15,060 ha; 52º34’N 008º48’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive, Nature Reserves. A region of moor and peat bog on glacial sands. The raised bog areas are important for breeding and staging waterbirds. Human activities include peat extraction and drainage. Water-level management is being practiced to restore the natural raised bogs, and sheep grazing to aid the conservation of the moorlands. Ramsar site no. 86. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Donauauen & Donaumoos. 26/02/76; Bayern; 8,000 ha; 48º28’N 010º13’E. Nature Reserves. Some of the best examples of riverine wooded meadow habitat in Germany, located along the Danube River, the site includes numerous tributaries and peatbogs. The regulated river creates a succession of reservoirs important for wintering, breeding and staging various species of waterbirds. The site is important for orchid (Orchidaceae) and gentian (Gentianaceae) populations. Ongoing activities include gravel extraction, ground water abstraction, waste dumping, recreation, and afforestation. Ramsar site no. 90. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Dümmer. 26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 3,600 ha; 52º32’N 008º23’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive, Nature Reserve. A large lake in a glaciated valley, associated wetlands include peatbogs, inland dunes, dense reedbeds and sedge meadows. An internationally important area for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds. Human activities have included drainage and cultivation of the peatlands. Currently the lake is used as a reservoir and experiences boat traffic, intensive fishing, and holiday home construction. Restoration measures consist of sediment removal, re-establishment of temporary flooding, and fishing and hunting restrictions. Ramsar site no. 85. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Elbauen, Schnackenburg-Lauenburg. 26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 7,560 ha; 53º08’N 011º05’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; Nature Reserves. Several physically disjunct areas along the middle reach of the Elbe River. An internationally important staging area for waterbirds with a few species using the site for breeding. Human activities include recreation and hunting. Management activities are focused on habitat protection for amphibians and nesting Grus grus. Ramsar site no. 84. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Galenbecker See. 31/07/78; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern; 1,015 ha; 53º38’N 013º44’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; Nature Reserve. A lake with fringing reedbeds adjoining a partly forested peatland. The lake bed supports extensive Charophyte communities and provides habitat for several species of breeding and passage birds, a diverse invertebrate fauna and otters. Human activities have included drainage of the peatland, and intensive agriculture is currently practiced in the surrounding area. Two field stations and a nature trail with interpretive facilities are maintained. Ramsar site no. 177. Most recent RIS information: 1995.
Hamburgisches Wattenmeer. 01/08/90; Hamburg; 11,700 ha; 53º53’N 008º17’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; National Park. An area of the Wadden Sea consisting of sand, mudflats, islands and saltmarshes, situated near the mouth of the Elbe River. The nutrient-rich waters support high biomass production and are important for spawning fish. The site is of international importance for staging and wintering numerous species of waterbirds, and one of the most important breeding areas for several species of terns. Mammals include breeding populations of Halichoerus grypus and Phoca vitulina. Ramsar site no. 501. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Helmestausee Berga-Kelbra. 31/07/78; Thüringen, Sachsen-Anhalt; 1,453 ha; 51º26’N 011º00’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; Landscape Protection Areas, Nature Protection Area, Protected Area for Waterfowl. Located in the Helme River floodplain, the site consists of a flood protection reservoir, associated reedbeds and frequently flooded wet meadows. The area includes saline springs and salt meadows surrounded by pasture and agricultural fields. The site is internationally important for wintering and staging several species of waterbirds. A few species of birds breed at the site and use the area for roosting. Human activities include intensive fish-farming, recreation and nature education. A bird observatory is located at the site. Ramsar site no. 176. Most recent RIS information: 2001.
Ismaninger Speichersee & Fischteichen. 26/02/76; Bayern; 955 ha; 48º13’N 011º41’E. Nature Reserve. A former peatbog designed for the biological treatment of waste water from Munich. The site consists of an artificial reservoir formed by the damming of the Isar River and 30 adjacent fishponds used for carp breeding and is surrounded by agricultural land. It supports breeding birds and is internationally important for wintering and staging waterbirds.The banks of the reservoir are mostly devoid of vegetation, although part of the southern shoreline is composed of a succession from reedbeds to woodland. Human activities include seasonal hunting and fishing. Ramsar site no. 92. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Krakower Obersee. 31/07/78; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern; 870 ha; 53º37’N 012º18’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive. A lake with fringing reedbeds, tall sedges and scrub, and several islands of natural woodland. The site supports the largest inland colony of Sterna hirundo (200 breeding pairs) in northeastern Germany and four other species of breeding birds. Human activities include commercial trout rearing, agriculture, and limited summer tourism. Research into the breeding success of birds is carried out annually. Ramsar site no. 171. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Lech-Donau-Winkel.26/02/76; Bayern; 4,014 ha; 48º44'N 011º00'E. Nature Reserves, EC Birds Directive SPA. Two separate reservoirs with sandbanks and mudflats, created by the damming of the Danube and Lech rivers to provide electricity and a water supply, including expanded floodplains and extensive alluvial forests, marsh areas, fens, storage lakes, quarry ponds, backwaters and extensively used greenlands. Artificial banks are devoid of vegetation. The site is an important wintering area for waterbirds, but, it now appears, not to the standard of the Ramsar Criteria. Surrounding areas consist of agricultural land and wooded meadows. There is a regulated fishing season. The site was expanded in 2007 239 ha to 4,014 ha by addition of significant floodplain areas, and the waterbird Critera (5 and 6) were removed from the site description. Ramsar site no. 91. Most recent RIS information: 2007.
Mühlenberger Loch. 09/06/92; Hamburg; 675 ha; 53º32’N 009º48’E. Nature Reserve. An embayment of a tidal section of the Elbe River and extensive mudflats exposed at low tide. An internationally important area for wintering and staging several species of waterbirds and the most important staging area in Northern Europe for Anas clypeata. The site supports plants endemic to the freshwater tidal areas and is an important breeding area for many native fish species. Human activities include water sports, which are controlled. Ramsar site no. 561. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Niederelbe, Barnkrug-Otterndorf. 26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 11,760 ha; 53º47’N 009º07’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; Nature Reserve, Game Protection Area. A section of the Elbe River, featuring riverine marshes, saltmarsh, sandbanks, islands and mudflats interspersed with extensive sedge and reedbeds. The site is internationally important for passage, wintering and breeding waterbirds. Bird hunting regulations are in force. A nature education center has been established and scientific research is carried out by various organizations. Threats include industrialization, pollution, heavy boat traffic, dredging, dyke construction, and cultivation of the riverine marshes. Ramsar site no. 83. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Niederung der Untere Havel / Gülper See / Schollener See. 31/07/78; Brandenburg, Sachsen-Anhalt; 8,920 ha; 52º45’N 012º13’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; Landscape Protection Area, Nature Reserves. A section of the Havel River floodplain, two adjacent shallow lakes, seasonally flooded pasture, and small agricultural areas. The site is an important breeding, staging and wintering area for numerous species of waterbirds, and both the river and lakes support fisheries. There are guidelines for water management and for use of the pastures, but tourism and leisure activities are not controlled. A field station is located at the site. Ramsar site no. 173. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Oberrhein / Rhin supérieur. 28/08/08; Baden-Württemberg; 25,117 ha; TRS centre 48°25’N 007°45’E. IBA, Natura 2000, Nature Reserve. The site includes 190km of the eastern bank of the river Rhine, with a variety of different natural and humanmade habitats and including at least ten zones of protection for birds. This alluvial area is very important for recharging one of the biggest aquifer in Europe. The site supports an outstanding number of relict, endangered and rare flora and fauna species, of which some cannot be observed anywhere else in Germany. An average of 92000 migratory birds stop here every year, and 46 fish species are supported. The site is also the last refuge for some sub-Mediterranean species, such as wild bees (Andrena chrysopus, Andrena marginata and Tetralonia salicariae), dragonflies (Aeshna affinis), and butterflies (Chamaesphecia aerifrons, Cucullia caninae, Luperina dumerilii, Meganola togatulalis et Synansphecia affini.) Navigation, water sports, agriculture, fishing and hunting are only few of the main land uses. Pesticides, fertilizers and mismanagement of the water resources could lead to very negative effects. Part of the Transboundary Ramsar Site with Rhin supérieur / Oberrhein in France (2008). Ramsar site no. 1809. Most recent RIS information: 2008.
Ostseeboddengewässer Westrügen-Hiddensee-Zingst. 31/07/78; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern; 25,800 ha; 54º30’N 012º45’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; National Park, Nature Reserve. A complex of islands, peninsulas, sand-banks, peat swamps, saline pasture and lagoons with shorelines varying from high cliffs to sandy beaches. The offshore waters support extensive mussel beds. The site is an important staging area forwaders, a wintering area for Nordic geese and ducks and supports four species of breeding birds. Various rare coastal invertebrates and a halophytic flora are present. Observation hides and interpretive material are available. Human activities include water sports and agriculture. Ramsar site no. 170. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Ostufer Müritz. 31/07/78; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern; 4,830 ha; 53º27’N 012º49’E. National Park, Landscape Protection Area, Nature Reserve. A complex of lakes, some artificially regulated; marshes, reedbeds, peatland, pasture, woods, thickets and forest. Much of the area is intensive pastureland. The site is an important breeding area for various waterbirds and supports a rich marsh flora and a diverse invertebrate fauna. Human activities include peat extraction and drainage. Observation hides and interpretive materials are available. Ramsar site no. 172. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Peitzer Teichgebiet. 31/07/78; Brandenburg; 1,060 ha; 51º51’N 014º25’E. Nature Reserve. The site consists of numerous fishponds that form an internationally important breeding and staging area for several species of waterbirds. Lignite is mined nearby. Ramsar site no. 175. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Rheinauen zwischen Eltville und Bingen.26/02/76; Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz; 566 ha; 50º00’N 008º00’E. Nature Reserves. Three separate parts of the Rhine River made up of seasonally inundated riverine meadows, shallow water bodies, eroding and evolving islands supporting soft and hardwood vegetation, reedbeds, and sandbanks. The hardwood meadow vegetation is a rare habitat type, occurring in the floodplains of large rivers. The site supports a diverse invertebrate community, is internationally important for breeding, wintering and staging waterbirds, and includes a diverse flora of many rare species. The larger island has been used for agriculture since ancient times because of its fertile alluvial soils and ideal climate. Recreational activities include fishing and seasonally restricted hunting. There is a nature conservation center at the site. Ramsar site no. 88. Most recent RIS information: 1998.
Rieselfelder Münster. 28/10/83; Nordrhein-Westfalen; 233 ha; 52º02’N 007º39’E. Numerous shallow water basins, fringed by reedbeds and dissected by a network of mud banks, wet-pasture, arable land, woodland, and scrub. An important site for breeding and staging numerous species of waterbirds with several pairs of raptors wintering here. The site is also very important for butterflies. Birdwatching hides and interpretative materials are available. Human activities include recreational and other traffic. Ramsar site no. 277. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea and adjacent areas (Schleswig-Holsteinisches Wattenmeer). 15/11/91; Schleswig-Holstein; 454,988 ha; 54º30’N 008º40’E. National Park, Nature Reserves. This site comprises 40% of the Wadden Sea (shared by Denmark, the Netherlands and Germany) and consists of extensive mudflats, rivers, sandbanks, dunes, saltmarshes, heathland and islands. It supports internationally important breeding numbers of several species of birds and more than two million staging waterbirds, including internationally important numbers of 24 species. In particular, approximately 70% of the entire European population of Tadorna tadorna (180,000) gather here in molting flocks. The site supports endemic aquatic invertebrates, endangered reptiles and amphibians, and is an important breeding area for Phoca vitulina. It is also an important nursery area for several commercially exploited fish species. Human activities include grazing livestock, tourism, hunting, shell fishing, military activities, and boating. Significantly extended in 2002. Ramsar site no. 537. Most recent RIS information: 2002.
Starnberger See. 26/02/76; Bayern; 5,720 ha; 47º45’N 011º18’E. Nature Reserve, Landscape Reserve. A large, freshwater lake subject to seasonal fluctuations set in a glaciated valley and surrounded by end-moraine dams. The site supports areas of reedbeds, is important for breeding, staging and wintering waterbirds, and provides protected fish spawning areas. There are three large leisure complexes available, and the lake experiences intensive recreational use and seasonal fishing. Ramsar site no. 94. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Steinhuder Meer. 26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 5,730 ha; 52º28’N 009º20’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive, Nature Reserves. The largest inland lake in northern Germany, including remnants of raised bog and moorland. Situated in a glacial meltwater channel, the lake is thought to be fed by springs in its bed. Fringing vegetation consists of a broad reed belt. The site is internationally important for staging and wintering waterbirds, and is used by small numbers of various species of breeding birds. Human activities include peat extraction, water sports, and holiday home construction. Ramsar site no. 87. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Unterer Inn, Haiming-Neuhaus.26/02/76; Bayern; 1,955 ha; 48º20’N 013º09’E. Nature Reserve. A section of the Inn River bordering Austria, consisting of a shallow reservoir and a series of islands supporting extensive reedbeds. An important breeding, wintering and staging site for various species of waterbirds. Numerous rare aquatic and semi-aquatic plant species are also present. Human activities include boating and angling. Ramsar site no. 96. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Unterer Niederrhein.28/10/83; Nordrhein-Westfalen; 25,000 ha; 51º43’N 006º14’E. Added to the Montreux Record, 16 June 1993, removed from the Record, 8 January 1999. Special Protection Area EEC Directive, Nature Reserves. A section of the lower Rhine floodplain near the border with the Netherlands consisting of pasture, woodland, arable land, meadow dikes and river channels. A large proportion of the West European population of geese overwinter in the area and several species of breeding birds use the site. Due to the extent of human encroachment, the site was included on the Montreux Record in 1993. Subject of a Ramsar Advisory Mission in 1993. Ramsar site no. 279. Most recent RIS information: 1992.
Unteres Odertal, Schwedt. 31/07/78; Brandenburg; 5,400 ha; 53º04’N 014º19’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; National Park, Nature Reserve. A section of empoldered floodplain in the Oder Valley containing numerous permanent pools, creeks and agricultural areas subject to seasonal flooding. The site is an important breeding area for waterbirds and is internationally important for spring staging birds. Ramsar site no. 174. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Wattenmeer, Elbe-Weser-Dreieck. 26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 38,460 ha; 53º50’N 008º24’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; Nature Reserve, National Park. Part of the Wadden Sea, with extensive mudflats, saltmarshes and islands. An internationally important area for numerous species of wintering and staging waterbirds and for breeding by low numbers of several species. Hunting is strictly controlled, and considerable ecological and geological research is carried out in the area. Knechtsand Island is slowly being eroded by the sea. Ramsar site no. 80. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Wattenmeer, Jadebusen & westliche Wesermündung. 26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 49,490 ha; 53º40’N 008º19’E. Special Protection Area EC Directive; National Park; Nature Reserve, Game Protection Area. A large bay of the Wadden Sea and therefore internationally important for numerous species of waterbirds. The site includes extensive sand and mud flats, grading into saltmarsh and dune habitats, and includes Mellum Island. Numerous species of waterbirds winter, stage and breed in the area. Bird hunting is controlled and several field stations exist from which extensive ecological and geological research and monitoring is carried out. Ramsar site no. 81. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Wattenmeer, Ostfriesisches Wattenmeer & Dollart.26/02/76; Niedersachsen; 121,620 ha; 53º42’N 007º21’E. Added to the Montreux Record, 4 July 1990. Special Protection Area EC Directive; National Park, Nature Reserves. Two sections of the North Sea coast consisting of parts of the East Friesian Islands and the Ems River estuary. Both areas include extensive mudflats and saltmarsh and support vast reedbeds. As part of the Wadden Sea, the site is internationally important for breeding, wintering and staging abundant numbers of waterbirds. Popular as a recreation area, the site is vulnerable to oil spills from nearby shipping lanes and port facilities. In some areas hunting is strictly controlled. The site was placed on the Montreux Record in 1990 for the following reasons: dyke construction, boring for gas, a planned oil pipeline and harbor extension, and low-altitude military overflights. Subject of a Ramsar Advisory Mission in 1990. Ramsar site no. 82. Most recent RIS information: ?.
Weserstaustufe Schlüsselburg. 28/10/83; Nordrhein-Westfalen; 1,600 ha; 52º27’N 008º59’E. Nature Reserves. A stretch of the Weser River floodplain, adjacent pasture, arable fenland and gravel pits. The site is of international importance for breeding, staging and wintering waterbirds. It is the most important inland wintering site in western Germany for Bucephala clangula (max. 1,500), the last remaining breeding site for Ciconia ciconia (3 pairs), and the main staging site for Pluvialis apricaria (max. 1,000) in Westphalia. Angling and water sports are regulated. Ramsar site no. 278. Most recent RIS information: 1992.