International Plant Protection Convention's statement on World Wetlands Day
Wetlands and Agriculture: Partners for Growth
By Sonya Hammons, Capacity Building Officer, International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) Secretariat
2 February 2014
World Wetlands Day is celebrated on 2 February 2014. This year’s theme, Wetlands and Agriculture: Partners for Growth, is particularly relevant for the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and its contracting parties.
Wetlands are a key component of the plant resources that support the IPPC’s strategic objectives of food security, economic growth and sustainable agriculture. They provide food and agricultural products directly through production activities such as rice paddies, grazing marshes, and aquaculture. Wetlands also contribute to agriculture indirectly through ecosystem services. These ecosystem services include providing water for agricultural use, regulating water purification processes, supporting nutrient cycling, and providing cultural services such as recreational spaces.
|Portland Bight, Jamaica. ©Ted Lee Eubanks|
Pests such as invasive plants can devastate wetlands. A 2012 IPPC study on risks of aquatic plants illustrates cases of invasive aquatic plants disrupting agricultural production by clogging irrigation canals, clinging to rice seedlings, clogging dams and impeding lake navigation.
World Wetlands Day provides an opportunity to reflect on the role that wetlands play in agricultural, environmental and cultural systems and the need to protect these resources from pests. A proposed IPPC Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) Recommendation on aquatic plants has been posted on the IPPC website (www.ippc.int) and will be discussed for adoption at the ninth session of the CPM (31 March – 4 April 2014). You are invited to review theRecommendation dealing with this important issue.